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Definition
 
enEnglish
Adenosine Diphosphate definition: Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate). An adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5'-position.
adenosine diphosphate definition: adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5'-position that is converted to ATP for energy for storage.
Adenosine Diphosphate Glucose definition: Serves as the glycosyl donor for formation of bacterial glycogen, amylose in green algae, and amylopectin in higher plants.
Adenosine Diphosphate Ribose definition: An ester formed between the aldehydic carbon of RIBOSE and the terminal phosphate of ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE. It is produced by the hydrolysis of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) by a variety of enzymes, some of which transfer an ADP-ribosyl group to target proteins.
Adenosine Diphosphate Sugars definition: Esters formed between the aldehydic carbon of sugars and the terminal phosphate of adenosine diphosphate.
Apyrase definition: A calcium-activated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP to yield AMP and orthophosphate. It can also act on ADP and other nucleoside triphosphates and diphosphates. EC 3.6.1.5.
Automatic Data Processing definition: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
automated data processing definition: data processing performed by automatic means; typically by computer.
ADP Ribose Transferases definition: Enzymes that transfer the ADP-RIBOSE group of NAD or NADP to proteins or other small molecules. Transfer of ADP-ribose to water (i.e., hydrolysis) is catalyzed by the NADASES. The mono(ADP-ribose)transferases transfer a single ADP-ribose. POLY(ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASES transfer multiple units of ADP-ribose to protein targets, building POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE in linear or branched chains.
ATP Synthetase Complexes definition: Multisubunit enzyme complexes that synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE from energy sources such as ions traveling through channels.
ADP ribosylation definition: covalent ligation of a protein or other substrate to the ADP-ribose (adenine-ribose-P-P-ribose) obtained by splitting off the nicotinamide from NADH; important in polynucleotide biosynthesis, G protein systems, and pertussis and cholera toxin actions.
ADP phosphorylation definition: The process of introducing a phosphate group into ADP, adenosine diphosphate, to produce ATP. [GOC:ai]
ADP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ADP, adenosine 5'-diphosphate. [GOC:ai]
ADP catabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of ADP, adenosine 5'-diphosphate. [GOC:go_curators]
ADP reduction definition: OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). [GOC:ai]
ADP metabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways involving ADP, adenosine 5'-diphosphate. [GOC:go_curators]
ADP transport definition: The directed movement of ADP, adenosine diphosphate, into, out of, within or between cells. [GOC:ai]
PARP1 Gene definition: This gene is involved in cellular repair and apoptosis.
ADP binding definition: Interacting selectively with ADP, adenosine 5'-diphosphate. [GOC:jl]
ADP definition: [1] 'A'mmonium 'd'ihydrogen 'p'hosphate
 
 
deGerman
ADP definition: [1] Abkürzung für 'A'denosin'd'i'p'hosphat