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Definition
 
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Chemistry, Clinical definition: The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
clinical chemistry definition: application of chemical tests to health care, as in analysis of body fluid components.
Clinical Chemistry definition: The department responsible for performing chemical and enzymatic analyses of body fluids and tissues. (from Handbook of Medical Informatics)
Clinical Clerkship definition: Undergraduate medical education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
Clinical Competence definition: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Clinical Medicine definition: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
Clinical Medicine definition: The practice of medicine based on direct observation of patients.
Clinical Protocols definition: Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
clinical research definition: research conducted with human subjects or on material of human origin in which an investigator directly interacts with human subjects; includes development of new technologies, mechanism of human diseases, therapy, clinical trials, epidemiology, behavior and health services research.
Clinical Study definition: Research conducted with human subjects or on material of human origin in which an investigator directly interacts with human subjects; includes development of new technologies, study of mechanisms of human diseases, therapy, clinical trials, epidemiologic, behavior, and health services research.
Faculty, Nursing definition: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.
Nurse Educator definition: Nurse educators are registered nurses prepared at the graduate or doctoral level who prepare students for nursing practice at a variety of levels, including entry level, continuing education, advanced practice, and specialty practice. Nurse educators work in various settings, including colleges/universities, community colleges, hospitals, nursing homes, private practice, etc.
Pathology, Clinical definition: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
Pharmacology, Clinical definition: The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
Psychology, Clinical definition: The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
Signs and Symptoms definition: Clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient.
sign/symptom definition: clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient.
Finding definition: Objective evidence of disease perceptible to the examining physician (sign) and subjective evidence of disease perceived by the patient (symptom).
Therapeutic Equivalency definition: The relative equivalency in the efficacy of different modes of treatment of a disease, most often used to compare the efficacy of different pharmaceuticals to treat a given disease.
Bioequivalence definition: The absence of a significant difference in the rate and extent to which the active ingredient or active moiety in pharmaceutical equivalents or pharmaceutical alternatives becomes available at the site of drug action when administered at the same molar dose under similar conditions in an appropriately designed study. Where there is an intentional difference in rate (e.g., in certain controlled release dosage forms), certain pharmaceutical equivalents or alternatives may be considered bioequivalent if there is no significant difference in the extent to which the active ingredient or moiety from each product becomes available at the site of drug action. This applies only if the difference in the rate at which the active ingredient or moiety becomes available at the site of drug action is intentional and is reflected in the proposed labeling, is not essential to the attainment of effective body drug concentrations on chronic use, and is considered medically insignificant for the drug (21CFR320.1).
Ethics, Clinical definition: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Clinical Ethics definition: The branch of ethics that studies moral values in the clinical sciences.
Balances definition: Measuring instruments designed to determine the mass of a body, using the force of gravity on the body (weight) as a basis for comparison. The result read from the balance is generally taken as a measure of the quantity weighed; corrective calculations are done only in exceptional cases. In practice, most balances measure in grams, although other units such as ounces and grains are also used. Balances are mostly used for clinical laboratory measurements; they are usually placed on a vibration-free workbench.
clinical definition: Having to do with the examination and treatment of patients.
Clinical definition: Relating to the examination and treatment of patients dependent on direct observation. The term may also refer to the institution (clinic) providing this activity.
Clinical Conference definition: Work that consists of a conference of physicians on their observations of a patient at the bedside, regarding the physical state, laboratory and other diagnostic findings, clinical manifestations, results of current therapy, etc. A clinical conference usually ends with a confirmation or correction of clinical findings by a pathological diagnosis performed by a pathologist. "Clinical conference" is often referred to as a "clinico-pathological conference."
Clinical Pathway definition: A defined set of diagnostic tests, treatments, and other interventions (including palliative care) for different types and stages of cancer.
Clinical Diagnosis definition: A diagnosis made from a study of the signs and symptoms of a disease.
Action definition: A thing done.
clinical anxiety definition: chronic, intense, or pathological anxiety which drives the sufferer to seek treatment; apprehension, tension, or uneasiness stemming from anticipation of danger from a vague or unknown source, internal or external, lasting at least 6 months; compare with FEAR and ANXIETY.
Scales, Clinical definition: Scales designed for clinical use other than the direct measurement of patient weight. These scales include an appropriate top surface or tray that is smooth and polished to permit easy cleaning and decontamination (e.g., stainless steel). Clinical scales are used in hospitals, nurseries, and physician offices.
Clinical Measurements definition: Actions performed to conduct procedures to evaluate somatic events.
INVESTIGATIONS definition: The act or process of a systematic and thorough examination; research, study; the process of inquiring into or following up, intended to develop facts. (NCI)
Investigation definition: The act or process of a systematic and thorough examination; research, study; the process of inquiring into or following up, intended to develop facts.
Clinical Oncology definition: The medical specialty that focuses on clinical aspects of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancers. (NCI 2005)
Clinical Microbiology definition: The discipline focusing on microbe-induced clinical conditions, including epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and detection, and prevention and treatment.
Clinical Immunology definition: The medical field that deals with immune diseases, including autoimmune diseases, allergies, rejection of organ transplants and immune deficiency.
Clinical Pharmacists definition: Pharmacists with clinical training to provide patient-centered evidence-based PHARMACEUTICAL CARE. Clinical pharmacists are skilled in patient data collection, interpretation, and application of these data to assist with the design, implementation, monitoring, and modification of the patient's drug treatment.
Clinical Chemoprevention definition: Chemoprevention use in a clinical setting.
Clinical Data definition: Data obtained through patient examination or treatment.
Clinical Endocrinology definition: The clinical specialty of endocrinology that focuses on the endocrine organs and their role in physiology and pathology.
Clinical Nursing definition: Clinical nursing applies the skills and processes of nursing to patients in an acute care environment.
Clinical Nutrition definition: An area of medicine that seeks to identify and treat medical disorders in humans that result from improper or inadequate diet, or from diseases that make the body unable to handle the nutrients delivered to it in the normal diet. The usual treatment is dietary, but can be the delivery of nutrients by other means. (from University of Pittsburgh Medical Center glossary)
Clinical Parasitology definition: A specialty in biology and medicine focusing on aspects of human parasitology that directly pertains to parasite-induced clinical conditions, including epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and detection, and prevention and treatment.
Clinical Testing definition: Small-scale testing (usually on SBIRs) of new technology in a small group of patients or normal volunteers. Does not meet the rigorous criteria of a clinical trial.
Clinical Cytogenetics definition: A clinical cytogenetcist demonstrates competence in providing laboratory diagnostic and clinical interpretive services dealing with cellular components, particularly chromosomes, associated with heredity.A general certificate was first issued by the ABMS in 1982.ACGME Accredited Residency Program Requirements: None.
Hyperthermia definition: Abnormal high body temperature.
Hyperthermia definition: A condition that manifests with abnormally high body temperature. In hyperthermic state, the hypothalamic set-point is normal but body temperature increases and overrides the ability to lose heat, resulting from exogenous heat exposure or endogenous heat production, e.g. in heat stroke, malignant hyperthermia, endocrine hyperthermia, or neuroleptic malignant syndrome. The concept does not refer to hyperpyrexia, the state when the hypothalamic set-point is reset at a higher temperature and is physiologically regulated.
Clinical Coordinator definition: A person to whom a clinical investigator delegates a few of the routine administrative requirements of a protocol. The duties and responsibilities of a clinical research coordinator may vary across different infrastructures. Generally, the coordinator manages the subject's clinical trial participation and provides a vital linkage between the subject, the investigator, and the sponsor.
CLINICAL RESEARCH COORDINATOR definition: A person to whom a clinical investigator delegates routine administrative requirements of a protocol. The duties and responsibilities of a clinical research coordinator may vary across different infrastructures. Generally, the coordinator manages the subject's clinical trial participation and provides a vital linkage between the subject, the investigator, and the sponsor. (NCI)
clinical document definition:

A clinical document is a documentation of clinical observations and services, with the following characteristics:

  1. Persistence - A clinical document continues to exist in an unaltered state, for a time period defined by local and regulatory requirements;
  2. Stewardship - A clinical document is maintained by a person or organization entrusted with its care;
  3. Potential for authentication - A clinical document is an assemblage of information that is intended to be legally authenticated;
  4. Wholeness - Authentication of a clinical document applies to the whole and does not apply to portions of the document without the full context of the document;
  5. Human readability - A clinical document is human readable.
Clinical Audit definition: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel to improve the quality of patient care and outcomes. The clinical audit was formally introduced in 1993 into the United Kingdom's National Health Service.
Clinical Center definition: The research hospital for the NIH, the Federal Government's principal agency for biomedical research. The NIH Clinical Center is actually made up of two centers: the Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center and the Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center. The Clinical Center as a whole promotes translational research, that is, the transformation of scientific laboratory research into applications that benefit patient health and medical care. At the Center, patient care units are in close proximity to cutting-edge technologies and laboratories doing related research. This "bench-to-bedside" approach facilitates interaction and collaboration among clinicians and researchers. The Clinical Center supports clinical trials conducted by the 27 Institutes and Centers of the NIH, including the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Clinical Endpoint definition: A characteristic or variable that reflects how a patient feels, functions, or survives. Clinical endpoints are distinct measurements or analyses of disease characteristics observed in a study or a clinical trial that reflect the effect of a therapeutic intervention. Clinical endpoints are the most credible characteristics used in the assessment of the benefits and risks of a therapeutic intervention in randomized clinical trials. Biomarkers Definitions Working Group. Biomarkers and surrogate endpoints: Preferred definitions and conceptual framework. Clin Pharm Ther 69 (3): 89-95, 2001.
Study on Hold definition: A clinical study status designating the study regarding which the FDA issued an order to a study sponsor to delay a proposed investigation or to suspend an ongoing one. When a proposed study is placed on clinical hold, subjects may not be given the investigational product as part of the study. When an ongoing study is placed on clinical hold, no new subjects may be recruited to the study and placed on the investigational product. Subjects already in the study have to stop receiving therapy involving the investigational agent unless the FDA specifically permits it.
Clinical Governance definition: A framework through which the United Kingdom's National Health Service organizations are accountable for continually improving the quality of their services and safeguarding high standards of care by creating an environment in which excellence in clinical care will flourish. (Scally and Donaldson, BMJ (4 July 1998): 61-65)
clinical depression definition: pervasive depression that adversely affects one's daily life; mental processes are slowed, thoughts are distorted by self-disgust and despair, concentration is difficult, and suicidal thoughts may intrude.
Clinical Alarms definition: Components of medical instrumentation used for physiological evaluation of patients, that signal when a threshold value is reached.
 
 
deGerman
Depression definition: [1] Allgemein: Niedergeschlagenheit und Freudlosigkeit; Verzweiflung [2] Medizin: die Depression [1] als psychische Krankheit, die sich intensiv schlecht auf Geist und Körper auswirken kann [3] Geomorphologie: Senke; Land, welches unter dem Meerespiegel liegt [4] Wirtschaft: Wirtschaftskrise :[b] im engeren Sinne: die Weltwirtschaftskrise [5] Meterologie: Tiefdruckgebiet; Zone eines herrschenden Tiefs
klinisch definition: [1] krankhaft, pathologisch [2] (übermäßig) hygienisch, kalt [3] zu einer Klinik gehörig, in einer Klinik befindlich