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Definition
 
enEnglish
Translating definition: Conversion from one language to another language.
language translation definition: to change or interpret from one language to another.
genetic translation definition: ribosome mediated process by which polypeptide chains are synthesized, the aminoacid sequence being completely determined by the sequence of bases in a messenger RNA, which in turn is determined by the sequences of bases in the DNA of the gene from which it was transcribed.
translation definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein. [GOC:go_curators]
Translation definition: The process that occurs at the ribosome whereby the information in mRNA is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4F definition: A trimeric peptide initiation factor complex that associates with the 5' MRNA cap structure of RNA (RNA CAPS) and plays an essential role in MRNA TRANSLATION. It is composed of EUKARYOTIC INITIATION FACTOR-4A; EUKARYOTIC INITIATION FACTOR-4E; and EUKARYOTIC INITIATION FACTOR-4G.
translation factor definition: family of cytoplasmic guanine nucleotide binding proteins which interact with mRNA, tRNA, and ribosomes to control protein synthesis.
regulation of translation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of proteins by the translation of mRNA. [GOC:isa_complete]
translational elongation definition: The successive addition of amino acid residues to a nascent polypeptide chain during protein biosynthesis. [GOC:ems]
formation of translation initiation complex definition: Joining of the large subunit, with release of IF2/eIF2 and IF3/eIF3. This leaves the functional ribosome at the AUG, with the methionyl/formyl-methionyl-tRNA positioned at the P site. [GOC:hjd]
formation of translation preinitiation complex definition: The joining of the small ribosomal subunit, ternary complex, and mRNA. [GOC:hjd]
translational termination definition: The process resulting in the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome, usually in response to a termination codon (UAA, UAG, or UGA in the universal genetic code). [GOC:hjd, ISBN:019879276X]
Translation Alteration definition: Translation Alteration involves a change in the quality of the existing state of the cellular process at the ribosome whereby the information in mRNA is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.
Protein Translation Pathway definition: The scanning translation initiation model suggests that 40S ribosomal subunit preloaded with factors bind to the 5' end of the mRNA near the cap. The 48S subunit moves along the mRNA until it finds the initiation triplet and in complex with tRNA and 60S subunit forms the first peptide bond. Translation control is mostly regulated at the protein initiation step through translation initiation factors such as eIF2 or eIF4.
translational initiation definition: The process preceding formation of the peptide bond between the first two amino acids of a protein. This includes the formation of a complex of the ribosome, mRNA, and an initiation complex that contains the first aminoacyl-tRNA. [ISBN:019879276X]
Translation Initiation definition: Translation Initiation consists of cellular and enzymatic reactions that instigate the process by which polypeptides are synthesized on ribosomes from information in mRNA transcripts to specify the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain.
Translation Process definition: A Translation Process consists of enzymatic reactions by which polypeptides are synthesized on ribosomes from information in mRNA transcripts to specify the sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain.
mitochondrial translation definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a mitochondrion. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the mitochondrion has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code. [GOC:go_curators]
plastid translation definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein in a plastid. This is a ribosome-mediated process in which the information in messenger RNA (mRNA) is used to specify the sequence of amino acids in the protein; the plastid has its own ribosomes and transfer RNAs, and uses a genetic code that differs from the nuclear code. [GOC:go_curators]
Code Translation definition: An automated procedure that uses a specialized set of concept descriptors for conversion of the target concept descriptors into executable elements of other code systems with the equivalent semantics.
mitochondrial translational initiation definition: The process preceding formation of the peptide bond between the first two amino acids of a protein in a mitochondrion. This includes the formation of a complex of the ribosome, mRNA, and an initiation complex that contains the first aminoacyl-tRNA. [GOC:mah]
mitochondrial translational elongation definition: The successive addition of amino acid residues to a nascent polypeptide chain during protein biosynthesis in a mitochondrion. [GOC:mah]
mitochondrial translational termination definition: The process resulting in the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome in a mitochondrion, usually in response to a termination codon (note that mitochondria use variants of the universal genetic code that differ between different taxa). [GOC:mah, http:mitogenome.org/index.php/Genetic_Code_of_mitochondria]
modulation by symbiont of host translation definition: The process in which a symbiont organism effects a change in translation, the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a protein, in its host organism. [MITRE:tk]
translation definition: [1] Übersetzung
translation definition: Traduction.
 
 
deGerman
Übersetzung definition: [1] Übertragung eines Wortes/eines Textes von einer Sprache in eine andere [2] Technik: Erhöhung der Drehzahl von einem Zahnrad zum anderen
Translation definition: [1] Geometrie: Abbildung ohne Drehung oder Verzerrung [2] Physik: geradlinige Bewegung ohne Drehung [3] Biologie: der Schritt von der RNA zum Protein [4] Sprachwissenschaft: Übertragung eines Wortes einer bestimmten Wortklasse in die syntaktische Position einer anderen [5] Religion: Überführung von Reliquien an einen anderen Ort [6] Oberbegriff für Übersetzen und Dolmetschen
Übertragung definition: [1] Sendung, Übermittlung [2] Übersetzung in eine andere Sprache [3] Recht: Übergang von Rechten oder Pflichten [4] Übergabe von Infektionskrankheiten [5] Gynäkologie/ Geburtshilfe: Schwangerschaftsdauer, die 42 Wochen überschreitet
Übersetzungsbüro definition: [1] eine Einrichtung, die professionelle Übersetzungen anbietet
maschinelle Übersetzung definition: [1] Disziplin der Linguistik: Forschungsbereich zur automatischen Übersetzung von Texten aus einer Sprache in eine andere durch Computer [2] automatische Übersetzung von Texten aus einer Sprache in eine andere durch Computer
Bibelübersetzung definition: [1] Übersetzung der Bibeltexte aus dem Hebräischen, Aramäischen bzw. Altgriechischen
 
ltLithuanian
vertimas definition: [1] Übersetzung, Übertragung
 
itItalian
traduzione definition: [1] die Übersetzung [2] die Überführung
 
fiFinnish
käännös definition: [1] Übersetzung [2] Wende, Kurswechsel
 
frFrench
traduction definition: Action de traduire, travail consistant à traduire un texte d’une langue dans une autre langue.
traduction definition: Résultat de ce travail ; version d’un ouvrage dans une langue différente de celle où il a été écrit.
traduction definition: Synthèse d'une protéine à partir d’une matrice d'acide ribonucléique.
traductologie definition: Science qui étudie le processus de traduction.
traductologie definition: Discipline que étudie tous les aspects de la traduction.
translation definition: Déplacement préservant l’orientation.
translation definition: Transport, action par laquelle on fait passer quelque chose d’un lieu à un autre.
translation definition: Action de remettre un évènement d’un jour à un autre.
translation definition: Traduction l’utilisation dans un cadre actuel avec le sens de « traduction » est un anglicisme.