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Definition
 
enEnglish
Alu Elements definition: The Alu sequence family (named for the restriction endonuclease cleavage enzyme Alu I) is the most highly repeated interspersed repeat element in humans (over a million copies). It is derived from the 7SL RNA component of the SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE and contains an RNA polymerase III promoter. Transposition of this element into coding and regulatory regions of genes is responsible for many heritable diseases.
Family definition: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
family definition: group of individuals related by blood or marriage or other arrangements, including parents or parent substitutes and children, however, the specific members differ from culture to culture.
Family definition: A social unit or related group of individuals who live together and experience a health-related problem.
Family definition: A domestic group, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage, or adoption.
Family Characteristics definition: Size and composition of the family.
Friedreich Ataxia definition: An autosomal recessive disease, usually of childhood onset, characterized pathologically by degeneration of the spinocerebellar tracts, posterior columns, and to a lesser extent the corticospinal tracts. Clinical manifestations include GAIT ATAXIA, pes cavus, speech impairment, lateral curvature of spine, rhythmic head tremor, kyphoscoliosis, congestive heart failure (secondary to a cardiomyopathy), and lower extremity weakness. Most forms of this condition are associated with a mutation in a gene on chromosome 9, at band q13, which codes for the mitochondrial protein frataxin. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1081; N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75) The severity of Friedreich ataxia associated with expansion of GAA repeats in the first intron of the frataxin gene correlates with the number of trinucleotide repeats. (From Durr et al, N Engl J Med 1996 Oct 17;335(16):1169-75)
Friedreich's ataxia definition: inherited disease with degenerative changes in the dorsal half of spinal cord and cerebellum; characterized by ataxia of extremities and trunk, speech impairment, and lateral curvature of the spine.
Family Member definition: A member of the fundamental unit of society designed primarily to nurture, protect, and socialize the young, traditionally organized around kinship ties, descent from a common progenitor or relation by marriage or by a feeling of closeness; any of various social units differing from but regarded as equivalent to the traditional family.
Family Member definition: Any one of the following legally competent persons: spouse; parents; children (including adopted children); brothers, sisters, and spouses of brothers and sisters; and any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with the subject is the equivalent of a family relationship.
Chaperonins definition: A family of multisubunit protein complexes that form into large cylindrical structures which bind to and encapsulate non-native proteins. Chaperonins utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis to enhance the efficiency of PROTEIN FOLDING reactions and thereby help proteins reach their functional conformation. The family of chaperonins is split into GROUP I CHAPERONINS, and GROUP II CHAPERONINS, with each group having its own repertoire of protein subunits and subcellular preferences.
Family Conflict definition: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
Acaridae definition: Family of MITES, in the superfamily Acaroidea, order Astigmata. They are frequently found in cereal-based foodstuffs including GRAIN and FLOUR.
Dromaiidae definition: A family of flightless, running BIRDS, in the order Casuariiformes. The emu is the only surviving member of the family. They naturally inhabit forests, open plains, and grasslands in Australia.
Cockatoos definition: Large crested BIRDS in the family Cacatuidae, found in Australia, New Guinea, and islands adjacent to the Philippines. The cockatiel (species Nymphicus hollandicus) is much smaller.
Cactaceae definition: The cactus plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. Cacti are succulent perennial plants well adapted to dry regions.
Boraginaceae definition: The Borage plant family is in the class Magnoliopsida, subclass Asteridae, order Lamiales. It is characterized by hairy foliage, usually alternate and simple; flowers are funnel-shaped or tubular. Some of the species contain PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS.
Araceae definition: A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).
Ranunculaceae definition: The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
Asteraceae definition: A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
Compositae definition: large family of dicotyledonous plants, having their flowers arranged in dense heads of many small florets and their anthers united in a tube; examples include the daisy, dandelion, and asters.
Rhamnaceae definition: The buckthorn plant family, of the order Rhamnales, includes some species with edible fruits and some that are medicinal.
Cucurbitaceae definition: The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
Canidae definition: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.
Canidae definition: Taxonomic family which includes the domestic dog, wolves and foxes.
Apiaceae definition: A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.
Polygonaceae definition: The only family of the buckwheat order (Polygonales) of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It has 40 genera of herbs, shrubs, and trees.
Celastraceae definition: A plant family of the order Celastrales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Erythroxylaceae definition: A plant family of the order Linales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida best known for the coca plant.
Musaceae definition: A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida best known for banana (MUSA). The slender false trunk, formed by leaf sheaths of the spirally arranged leaves, may rise to 15 meters (50 feet). There is a crown of large leaves at the top.
Amaranthaceae definition: A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
Agavaceae definition: A plant family of the order Liliales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida. Members of the family have narrow, lance-shaped, sometimes fleshy or toothed leaves that are clustered at the base of each plant. Most species have large flower clusters containing many flowers. The fruit is a capsule or berry.
Berberidaceae definition: The Barberry plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The shrubs have spiny leaves.
Apocynaceae definition: The dogbane plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters.
Aristolochiaceae definition: A plant family of the order Aristolochiales subclass Magnoliidae class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly tropical woody vines and a few temperate-zone species. The flowers are 3-parted; some species lack petals while others are large and foul smelling.
Lycopodiaceae definition: The club-moss plant family of the order Lycopodiales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. The common name of clubmoss applies to several genera of this family. Despite the name this is not one of the true mosses (BRYOPSIDA ).
Cupressaceae definition: A plant family of the order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta (conifers). They are mainly resinous, aromatic evergreen trees.
Fagaceae definition: A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Campanulaceae definition: A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida
Myricaceae definition: A plant family of the order Myricales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having aromatic leaves that often have yellow glandular dots on the surface. Single-seeded fruits are often covered with waxy granules, bumps, or layers. The flowers are small, greenish, and inconspicuous.
Cornaceae definition: A plant family of the order Cornales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that is a loose grouping of woody ornamentals: 11 of its 14 genera have been placed in single families by some authorities. Some botanists combine members of NYSSACEAE into this family.
Ulmaceae definition: A plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members are trees and shrubs of temperate regions that have watery sap and alternate leaves which are lopsided at the base. The flowers lack petals.
Begoniaceae definition: A plant family of the order Violales (by some in Begoniales), subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members are found throughout tropical and warm temperate habitats. Most are perennial herbs with monoecious flowers (both sexes on the same plant). Fruits are usually capsules containing many tiny seeds.
Buxaceae definition: A plant family of the order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Leaves are alternate, simple, and leathery. Fruits are one- or two-seeded capsules or drupes (stony-pitted fleshy fruits).
Bromeliaceae definition: A plant family of the order Bromeliales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons).
Grossulariaceae definition: A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are deciduous woody shrubs with alternate leaves. The flowers are in terminal racemes with 5 petals and 5 stamens.
Asparagaceae definition: A subfamily of LILIACEAE.
Ebenaceae definition: A small plant family of the order Ebenales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members contain NAPHTHOQUINONES.
Bovidae definition: Taxonomic family which includes domestic cattle, goats, and sheep.
dog definition: refers to all members of the dog family, from all breeds of domestic dogs through wolves.
14-3-3 Family definition: The 14-3-3 family of proteins mediates signal transduction by binding to phosphoserine-containing proteins. Two different binding motifs, RSXpSXP and RXY/FXpSXP, are present in nearly all known 14-3-3 binding proteins. The14-3-3 dimer binds tightly to single molecules containing tandem repeats of phosphoserine motifs, implicating bidentate association as a signaling mechanism with molecules such as Raf, BAD, and Cbl. (from OMIM)
Cancer Family definition: A group of blood relatives of whom several have had cancer; the mode of aggregation may be genetic and homogeneous, as in familial polyposis of the colon; diverse as in neurofibromatosis; or due to common exposure to a carcinogenic or oncogenic agent, such as a virus.
family definition: Family name, this is the name that links to the genealogy. In some cultures (e.g. Eritrea) the family name of a son is the first name of his father.
Family Nurse Practitioner definition: A registered nurse with specialized and advanced education in treating all age groups. The Family Nurse Practitioner can treat both pediatric and adult members of the family who suffer from acute or chronic illnesses, as well as address psychosocial issues that may be affecting the family.
Family definition: A taxonomic category between Order and Genus. It consists of a group of organisms among which the differences are quite minor, e.g. Equiidae - horses and their relatives.
Family Collection definition: A collection of things sharing a common attribute.
family definition: [1] Familie
family definition: Famille.
 
 
deGerman
Familie definition: [1] Soziologie: die kleinste Zelle der Gesellschaft, bestehend aus :[a] Eltern und Kindern (Kernfamilie) :[b] Großeltern, deren Kindern und Enkeln [2] Klassifizierungskategorie nach bestimmten Kriterien :in der [a] Biologie, [b] Sprachwissenschaft, [c] Mengenlehre, [d] von Asteroiden
Geschlecht definition: [1] die Eigenschaft höherer Lebewesen, männlich oder weiblich zu sein [2] Kollektivum die Gruppe entweder aller männlicher Menschen oder aller weiblicher [3] kurz für Geschlechtsteil [4] antiquiert: Gattung, Art [5] Familie, Sippe [6] Grammatik: Genus [7] antiquiert: Generation [8] Topologie: eine topologische Invariante, die zur Klassifikation von algebraischen Flächen dient
Großfamilie definition: [1] Familie, in der mehr als zwei Generationen von miteinander verwandten Personen unter einem Dach als Gemeinschaft zusammenleben
 
foFaroese
ætt definition: [1] Nachkommen der selben Voreltern, Geschlecht, Familie [2] Familie, lat.: familia (Biologie) [3] Sprachfamilie (Linguistik)
 
csCzech
rodina definition: [1] kleinste Zelle der Gesellschaft bestehend aus den Eheleuten oder Eltern mit Kindern: Familie [2] nur Singular: Verwandtschaft: Familie
 
frFrench
maison definition: Bâtiment servant de logis, d’habitation, de demeure.
maison definition: Ménage, foyer, tout ce qui a rapport aux affaires domestiques.
maison definition: Maisonnée, famille.
maison definition: Lignée, famille, en parlant des familles nobles et illustres.
maison definition: Entreprise, fond de commerce, artisan.
maison definition: Désigne les établissements d’une communauté religieuse.
maison definition: Fuseaux par lesquels les astrologues divisent le ciel afin d'établir un thème astral au moment de la naissance de quelqu'un.
famille definition: Ensemble formé par les parents et leurs enfants.
famille definition: Ensemble des personnes ayant des liens de parenté par le sang ou par alliance.
famille definition: Suite des individus nés d’une même souche.
famille definition: Toutes les personnes qui vivent sous la protection d’un chef.
famille definition: Groupe, catégorie de choses ou d’êtres partageant des caractères communs.
famille definition: Notions de n-uplet et de suite.
famille definition: Taxon qui regroupe les genres qui présentent le plus de similitudes entre eux.
parenté definition: Relation de consanguinité ou d'alliance qui unit deux personnes entre elles.
parenté definition: Ensemble des parents, des personnes ayant un lien de parenté entre elles.
parenté definition: Ressemblance, point commun entre deux choses.
 
nlDutch
familie definition: la famille, personne lié par la généalogie et les alliances
familie definition: la cellule familiale