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Likelihood Functions definition: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
Sensation definition: The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
sensation definition: transduction of stimuli from outside the body and those within the body into nerve impulses by receptors, and the transmission of these impulses by afferent neurons to the cerebral cortex.
sensory perception definition: The series of events required for an organism to receive a sensory stimulus, convert it to a molecular signal, and recognize and characterize the signal. [GOC:ai, GOC:dph]
SOS Response (Genetics) definition: An error-prone mechanism or set of functions for repairing damaged microbial DNA. SOS functions (a concept reputedly derived from the SOS of the international distress signal) are involved in DNA repair and mutagenesis, in cell division inhibition, in recovery of normal physiological conditions after DNA repair, and possibly in cell death when DNA damage is extensive.
SOS response definition: An error-prone process for repairing damaged microbial DNA. [GOC:jl, http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/]
SOS Function definition: A series of erroneous bacterial processes that are utilized to maintain the integrity of DNA during cellular metabolism. These functions are involved in maintenance activities such as DNA repair, but they are also involved in apoptosis and mitotic inhibition.
Atrial Function definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART ATRIA.
Atrial Function, Left definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the LEFT ATRIUM.
Atrial Function, Right definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the RIGHT ATRIUM.
Ventricular Function definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.
Ventricular Function, Left definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
Ventricular Function, Right definition: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.
Pupillary Functions, Abnormal definition: Conditions in which the pupil does not react normally to dilation and constriction. Signs of pupillary abnormalities originate from the pupil's shape, position, and response to stimulation.
Executive Function definition: A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
executive function definition: higher order processes that enable an individual to plan, sequence, initiate, and sustain their behavior towards some goal, incorporating feedback and making adjustments along the way.