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Definition
 
enEnglish
Autistic Disorder definition: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-IV)
autism definition: disorder beginning in childhood marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest; manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual.
early infantile autism definition: type of autism characterized by very early detection (< 30 months), social coldness, grossly impaired communication, and bizarre motor responses.
cretinism definition: condition due to congenital lack of thyroid hormone, marked by arrested physical and mental development, dystrophy of the bones and soft parts, and lowered basal metabolism; it is the congenital form of thyroid deficiency, while myxedema is the acquired form.
Congenital Hypothyroidism definition: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
Diarrhea, Infantile definition: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
Hydrophthalmos definition: Congenital open-angle glaucoma that results from dysgenesis of the angle structures accompanied by increased intraocular pressure and enlargement of the eye. Treatment is both medical and surgical.
Megophthalmos definition: Abnormally large eyeball.
Letterer-Siwe Disease definition: A multifocal, multisystem form of Langerhans-cell histiocytosis. There is involvement of multiple organ systems including the bones, skin, liver, spleen, and lymph nodes. Patients are usually infants presenting with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, bone and skin lesions, and pancytopenia.
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome definition: An acute, febrile, mucocutaneous condition accompanied by swelling of cervical lymph nodes in infants and young children. The principal symptoms are fever, congestion of the ocular conjunctivae, reddening of the lips and oral cavity, protuberance of tongue papillae, and edema or erythema of the extremities.
mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome definition: systemic disease primarily of infants and young children, characterized by skin rash, swelling of hands and feet, enlarged cervical lymph nodes, "strawberry tongue", dry and cracked lips, high fevers, and coronary artery disease.
Ophthalmia Neonatorum definition: Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Rickets definition: A condition caused by deficiency of VITAMIN D, especially in infancy and childhood, with disturbance of normal ossification. The disease is marked by bending and distortion of the bones under muscular action, by the formation of nodular enlargements on the ends and sides of the bones, by delayed closure of the fontanels, pain in the muscles, and sweating of the head. Vitamin D and sunlight together with an adequate diet are curative, provided that the parathyroid glands are functioning properly. (Dorland, 27th ed)
rickets definition: disorder of calcium and phosphorus metabolism affecting bony structures, due to a variety of defects in vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous homeostasis, including dietary deficiencies or malabsorption.
Spasms, Infantile definition: An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
West syndrome (WS) definition: Myoclonus epilepsy of infancy and early childhood, characterized by seizures involving the muscles of the neck, trunk, and limbs, and manifested by nodding of the head and flexion of the arms. The seizures are associated with brain abnormalities and frequent mental retardation.
Hemangioma, Capillary definition: A dull red, firm, dome-shaped hemangioma, sharply demarcated from surrounding skin, usually located on the head and neck, which grows rapidly and generally undergoes regression and involution without scarring. It is caused by proliferation of immature capillary vessels in active stroma, and is usually present at birth or occurs within the first two or three months of life. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Juvenile Hemangioma definition: A capillary hemangioma that may regress spontaneously. It occurs in infants and children.
X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia definition: X-linked agammaglobulinemia. An immunodeficiency state characterized (usually) by profoundly low concentrations of serum immunoglobulins of all classes, although occasionally significant amounts of one or more isotypes can be found. The fundamental defect in XLA affects early lineage B cells.
Infantile Fibrosarcoma definition: A fibrosarcoma, occurring in infants and young children, sharing identical morphologic features with adult fibrosarcoma. The prognosis is generally much more favorable than for adult fibrosarcoma, and it rarely metastasizes. It usually affects the superficial and deep soft tissues of the extremities. The majority of infantile fibrosarcomas carry the t(12;15)(p13;q26) translocation.
Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic definition: Narrowing of the pyloric canal due to HYPERTROPHY of the surrounding circular muscle. It is usually seen in infants or young children.
infantile bilateral striatal necrosis (IBSN) syndrome definition: Degeneration of the caudate nucleus, putamen, and sometimes globus pallidus associated with choreoathetosis, abnormal eye movements, seizures, and mental retardation. Symptoms usually appear after a severe infectious disease.
Infant Malnutrition definition: Malnutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months, which is due to insufficient intake of food, dietary nutrients, or a pathophysiologic condition which prevents the absorption and utilization of food. Growth and development are markedly affected.
Lipoblastoma definition: A lipoma usually occuring in the extremities of young children (usually boys). It is characterized by lobules of adipose tissue, separated by fibrous septa. The adipose tissue is composed of mature adipocytes and lipoblasts. The lipoblasts may be scarce, depending on the age of the patient.
 
 
deGerman
infantil definition: [1] das Kind betreffend, kindlich, kindisch
kindisch definition: [1] sich wie ein kleines Kind verhaltend
kindlich definition: [1] einem Kind gleich oder ähnlich, im Zustand eines Kindes
 
itItalian
infantile definition: [1] kindlich, Kinder-, Kindes- [2] kindisch