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Definition
 
enEnglish
Behavior Therapy definition: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
behavior modification definition: specific techniques which use classical or operant conditioning, or perceptual learning, to change behavior, especially to extinguish socially undesirable behavior, attitudes, or phobias.
behavior therapy definition: therapeutic approach in which the focus is on the patient's observable behavior, rather than on conflicts and unconscious processes presumed to underlie his maladaptive behavior; accomplished through systematic manipulation of the environmental and behavioral variables related to the specific behavior to be modified; operant conditioning, systematic desensitization, token economy, aversive control, flooding, and implosion are examples of techniques that may be used in behavior therapy.
behavior modification definition: Activities that change habits, conduct, or patterns of action.
Behavioral Intervention definition: The use of operant conditioning, including rewards and punishments, in helping a person create an atmosphere where he or she does not contribute to painful stimuli.
Crisis Intervention definition: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Crisis Therapy definition: Actions performed to sustain a person dealing with a condition, event, or radical change in status.
Gene Therapy definition: The introduction of new genes into cells for the purpose of treating disease by restoring or adding gene expression. Techniques include insertion of retroviral vectors, transfection, homologous recombination, and injection of new genes into the nuclei of single cell embryos. The entire gene therapy process may consist of multiple steps. The new genes may be introduced into proliferating cells in vivo (e.g., bone marrow) or in vitro (e.g., fibroblast cultures) and the modified cells transferred to the site where the gene expression is required. Gene therapy may be particularly useful for treating enzyme deficiency diseases, hemoglobinopathies, and leukemias and may also prove useful in restoring drug sensitivity, particularly for leukemia.
gene therapy definition: introduction of functioning gene or genes into cells for the purpose of correcting an inborn genetic error, treating a disease by restoring or adding gene expression, or providing a new function to the cell; new genes may be introduced into proliferating cells in vivo (e.g., bone marrow) or in vitro (e.g., fibroblast cultures) and the modified cells transferred to the site where the gene expression is required.
gene therapy definition: Treatment that alters a gene. In studies of gene therapy for cancer, researchers are trying to improve the body's natural ability to fight the disease or to make the cancer cells more sensitive to other kinds of therapy.
Gene Therapy definition: Application of genetic material (usually DNA) into cells in order to permanently correct an inherited disease or an acquired disease such as cancer. The genetic material as 'naked' DNA can be delivered into the cells alone or can be delivered into cells by different types of vectors such as viruses which may contain DNA or RNA. Gene therapy techniques attempt to replace a faulty/missing gene associated with a particular disease, mediate localized delivery of a protein producing specified therapeutic effects, or introduce new cellular functions. Gene therapies are designed to deliver genetic material into somatic cells and not germ cells, so that only cells of patients and not those of their offspring contain and express the genetic material delivered. (NCI04)
Genetic Engineering definition: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
Genetic Engineering definition: The technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism.
Intervention Studies definition: Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Milieu Therapy definition: A treatment program based on manipulation of the patient's environment by the medical staff. The patient does not participate in planning the treatment regimen.
environmental therapy definition: therapy specifically involving interaction with nature; can include relaxation/meditation techniques.
prevention definition: taking advance measures against the occurrence of something possible or probable; prefer NTs.
prophylaxis definition: An attempt to prevent disease.
Preventive Intervention definition: Therapeutic, nutritional, environmental, social and or behavioral interventions at the societal, community, organizational or individual levels to reduce, modify or stop the course of a disease.
Early Intervention (Education) definition: Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Educational Intervention definition: An educational activity that is intended to prevent disease or alter the course of a disease in a patient or population.
Intervention Trial definition: A pre-clinical or clinical study in human beings in which individuals are assigned by an investigator based on a protocol to receive specific interventions. The individuals are then followed and biomedical and/or health outcomes are assessed.
nursing intervention definition: investigations by nurses designed to test a hypothesized cause effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor in the study population.
Media Intervention definition: An act or ministration that produces an effect to alter the course of a pathologic process through the use of a variety of media, i.e., CD-ROM, Web application, video, telephone.
Carcinogenic Intervention definition: Treatment or procedure that the animal model was exposed to in order to initiate or support the development of neoplastic lesions.
Unrelated to Intervention definition: A characteristic used to qualify the adverse event as clearly not related to the medical intervention.
Definitely Related to Intervention definition: A characteristic used to qualify the adverse event as certainly related to the medical intervention. According to WHO causality assessment criteria of suspected adverse reactions it is applicable to a clinical event, including laboratory test abnormality, occurring in a plausible time relationship to medical intervention, and which cannot be explained by concurrent disease or other interventions. The response to withdrawal of the medical product (dechallenge) should be clinically plausible. The event must be definitive pharmacologically or phenomenologically, using a satisfactory rechallenge procedure if necessary.
Intervention Required definition: A patient condition when action or ministration whose purpose is to improve health or to alter the course of a disease is considered essential and mandatory in order to prevent permanent impairment or damage.
Disease Screening definition: Checking for disease when there may be no symptoms the individual being screened is aware of.
Disease Screening definition: The use of any device, marker, or other means for the purpose of detecting the presence of disease, usually in asymptomatic individuals.
Behavioral Dietary Intervention definition: The use of operant conditioning to alter a person's dietary choices and behaviors.
Behavioral, Psychological or Informational Intervention definition: The use of behavioral conditioning, counseling, and/or education to prevent or treat disease.
SURGICAL AND MEDICAL PROCEDURES definition: A particular course of action intended to achieve a result. (NCI)
Intervention or Procedure definition: An activity that produces an effect, or that is intended to alter the course of a disease in a patient or population. This is a general term that encompasses the medical, social, behavioral, and environmental acts that can have preventive, therapeutic, or palliative effects.
early/brief intervention/therapy definition: early intervention is treatment administered at or near the beginning of the appearance of a disease or disorder, including developmental disorders; brief intervention is treatment provided over a concise period of time and often takes advantage of teachable moments; early and brief interventions often occur simultaneously, such as when patients present to an emergency department for related or unrelated health concerns; post coordinate with specific treatment when possible.
Intervention Duration definition: The period of time during which an intervention continues.
Post-intervention definition: The occasion on which a procedure was performed immediately after to non-surgical intervention (e.g, percutaneous angioplasty, biopsy).
Pre-intervention definition: The occasion on which a procedure was performed immediately prior to non-surgical intervention (e.g, percutaneous angioplasty, biopsy).
Conditionally Related to Intervention definition: A characteristic used to qualify the adverse event as unclassified in term of its relation to the medical intervention. According to WHO causality assessment criteria of suspected adverse reactions it is applicable to clinical event, including laboratory test abnormality, reported as an adverse reaction, about which more data is essential for a proper assessment or the additional data are under examination.
intervention definition: Intervention, entremise.
 
 
deGerman
Intervention definition: [1] Eingreifen einer bisher unbeteiligten Partei in einen Konflikt
Eingriff definition: [1] Medizin: medizinische Arbeit am Körper eines Lebewesens [2] eine beliebige Aktion [3] die Ausführung von Straftaten
 
frFrench
prix d’intervention definition: prix garanti en deçà duquel un organisme d’intervention désigné par les États membres rachète les quantités produites et les stocke. Pour ne pas grever le budget communautaire, le Conseil des ministres encourage le stockage privé en allouant une prime aux producteurs qui stockent eux-mêmes les produits.
non-intervention definition: Absence d'intervention.
non-intervention definition: Principe du droit des gens en vertu duquel on ne devrait pas intervenir, militairement ou par menace, dans les affaires des autres peuples.
non-intervention definition: Convention par laquelle on s’engage à ne pas intervenir dans les affaires d’un pays.
entremise definition: Action de s’entremettre.
immixtion definition: Action de s’immiscer dans les affaires d’autrui.
intervention definition: Action d’intervenir.
immiscion definition: Action de s’immiscer dans les affaires d’autrui.
centre de première intervention definition: En France : caserne de sapeurs-pompiers, ou plus précisément centre d'incendie et de secours, pouvant assurer au moins un départ en intervention (art. R1424-39 du Code général des collectivités territoriales) ; abrégé en CPI.