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Definition
 
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Isoleucine definition: An essential branched-chain aliphatic amino acid found in many proteins. It is an isomer of LEUCINE. It is important in hemoglobin synthesis and regulation of blood sugar and energy levels.
isoleucine definition: essential branched-chain aliphatic amino acid found in many proteins; an isomer of leucine; important in hemoglobin synthesis and regulation of blood sugar and energy levels.
Isoleucine definition: Amino acid with side chain -CH(CH3)CH2CH3.
Isoleucine definition: One of nine essential amino acids in humans (present in dietary proteins), Isoleucine has diverse physiological functions, such as assisting wound healing, detoxification of nitrogenous wastes, stimulating immune function, and promoting secretion of several hormones. Necessary for hemoglobin formation and regulating blood sugar and energy levels, isoleucine is concentrated in muscle tissues in humans. Isoleucine is found especially in meats, fish, cheese, eggs, and most seeds and nuts. (NCI04)
Peptide PHI definition: A 27-amino acid peptide with histidine at the N-terminal and isoleucine amide at the C-terminal. The exact amino acid composition of the peptide is species dependent. The peptide is secreted in the intestine, but is found in the nervous system, many organs, and in the majority of peripheral tissues. It has a wide range of biological actions, affecting the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and central nervous systems.
isoleucine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of isoleucine, (2R*,3R*)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid. [GOC:ai]
isoleucine catabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of isoleucine, (2R*,3R*)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid. [GOC:ai]
isoleucine metabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways involving isoleucine, (2R*,3R*)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid. [GOC:ai]
isoleucine transport definition: The directed movement of isoleucine, (2R*,3R*)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid, into, out of, within or between cells. [GOC:ai]