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Definition
 
enEnglish
Abdominal Muscles definition: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Muscle of abdomen definition: Muscle (organ) which is a part of the abdomen. Examples: external oblique, rectus abdominis.
Muscle of abdomen definition: Muscle (organ) which is a part of the abdomen. Examples: external oblique, rectus abdominis.
Dystonia definition: An attitude or posture due to the co-contraction of agonists and antagonist muscles in one region of the body. It most often affects the large axial muscles of the trunk and limb girdles. Conditions which feature persistent or recurrent episodes of dystonia as a primary manifestation of disease are referred to as DYSTONIC DISORDERS. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p77)
Facial Muscles definition: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
facial muscle definition: muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face.
Facial Muscle definition: Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (MeSH)
Muscle Contraction definition: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
muscle contraction definition: process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue; occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
muscle motor activity definition: OBSOLETE (was not defined before being made obsolete). [GOC:mah]
muscle contraction definition: A process whereby force is generated within muscle tissue, resulting in a change in muscle geometry. Force generation involves a chemo-mechanical energy conversion step that is carried out by the actin/myosin complex activity, which generates force through ATP hydrolysis. [GOC:ef, GOC:mtg_muscle, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
Muscle Contraction definition: The process where thick (myosin) and thin (actin) filaments slide against each other to produce a shortening or tensing of the muscle cell or fiber.
Muscle Cramp definition: A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398)
muscle cramp definition: sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers.
Muscle Denervation definition: The resection or removal of the innervation of a muscle or muscle tissue.
Muscles definition: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
muscle definition: contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Muscle (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of skeletal muscle tissue aggregated into macroscopic fasciculi by connective tissue; together with other muscles, it constitutes the muscular system. Examples: biceps, diaphragm, masseter, right third external intercostal muscle, external oblique, levator ani, serratus anterior.
Muscle organ definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of skeletal muscle tissue aggregated into macroscopic fasciculi by connective tissue; together with other muscles, it constitutes the muscular system. Examples: biceps, diaphragm, masseter, right third external intercostal muscle, external oblique, levator ani, serratus anterior.
MUSCLE TISSUE definition: Tissue responsible for the body movements and the shape and size changes of interna organs. Muscle tissue is composed of specialized contractile cells. There are two types of muscle tissue recognized: striated and smooth muscle. The striated muscle tissue is further subdivided into skeletal, visceral striated, and cardiac muscle. (NCI)
Muscle definition: One of the contractile organs of the body.
Muscle Tissue definition: Tissue responsible for the body movements and the shape and size changes of interna organs. Muscle tissue is composed of specialized contractile cells. There are two types of muscle tissue recognized:striated and smooth muscle. The striated muscle tissue is further subdivided into skeletal, visceral striated, and cardiac muscle.
Muscular Atrophy definition: Derangement in size and number of muscle fibers occurring with aging, reduction in blood supply, or following immobilization, prolonged weightlessness, malnutrition, and particularly in denervation.
muscle atrophy definition: A process, occurring in the muscle, that is characterized by a decrease in protein content, fiber diameter, force production and fatigue resistance in response to different conditions such as starvation, aging and disuse. [GOC:mtg_muscle]
Muscular Diseases definition: Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.
muscle disorder definition: impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning of the muscle.
Myocardium definition: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
myocardium definition: muscle tissue of the heart composed of striated, involuntary muscle known as cardiac muscle.
Cardiac muscle tissue definition: Tissue which consists of cardiac myocytes surrounded by cardiac endomysium. Examples: Cardiac muscle tissue proper, conducting tissue of heart.
Myocardium definition: Muscle layer of organ which has as its parts the myocardium proper and the conducting system of the heart.
Myocardium definition: The main substance of the muscular wall of the heart enclosed between the epicardium and endocardium and composed of striated, involuntary cardiac muscle. (MeSH)
Oculomotor Muscles definition: The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.
extraocular muscle definition: voluntary muscles which control eye movement.
Oculomotor Muscle definition: A group of six muscles that are responsible for moving the eye.
Tensor Tympani definition: A short muscle that arises from the pharyngotympanic tube (EUSTACHIAN TUBE) and inserts into the handle of the MALLEUS. This muscle pulls the handle medially thus controlling the tension and movement of TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
Muscle Biopsy definition: Removal of tissue from the muscle, for microscopic examination.
Muscle of head definition: Muscle (organ) which is a part of the head. Examples: masseter, orbicularis oculi.
Muscle of head definition: Muscle organ which is a part of the head. Examples: masseter, orbicularis oculi.
Muscle of thorax definition: Muscle (organ) which is a part of the thorax. Examples: external intercostal muscle, diaphragm.
Muscle of thorax definition: Muscle organ which is a part of the thorax. Examples: external intercostal muscle, diaphragm.
gastrocnemius muscle definition: striated muscles that stretch along the back of the leg from knee to ankle.
Gastrocnemius Muscle definition: A large muscle in the back of the lower leg. Its action involves the plantar flexion of the foot.
Muscle Fatigue definition: A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.
Caveolin 3 definition: A caveolin that is expressed exclusively in MUSCLE CELLS and is sufficient to form CAVEOLAE in SARCOLEMMA. Mutations in caveolin 3 are associated with multiple muscle diseases including DISTAL MYOPATHY and LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY.
ear muscle definition: organ which by contraction produces the movements of the external ear; includes the posterior and superior auricular muscles, helicis major and minor, tragicus, antitragus, transversus auricularis and obliquus auricularis.
Malignant Muscle Neoplasm definition: A malignant neoplasm affecting the skeletal or smooth muscles. Malignant neoplasms arising from the skeletal muscles are called rhabdomyosarcomas. Malignant neoplasms arising from the smooth muscles are called leiomyosarcomas.
muscle development definition: The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the muscle over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The muscle is an organ consisting of a tissue made up of various elongated cells that are specialized to contract and thus to produce movement and mechanical work. [GOC:jic, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
Muscle Development definition: Developmental events leading to the formation of adult muscular system, which includes differentiation of the various types of muscle cell precursors, migration of myoblasts, activation of myogenesis and development of muscle anchorage.
Cofilin 2 definition: A member of the cofilin family of proteins that is expressed in MUSCLE CELLS. It has ACTIN depolymerization activity that is dependent on HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION.
Smooth Muscle Actin Staining Method definition: An immunohistochemical staining protocol for localization of actin. The antibody is specific for the alpha-smooth muscle actin present in smooth muscle cells.
Gluteal Muscle definition: Any of the skeletal muscles that form the buttocks. These muscles are responsible for hip abduction and extension as well as movement of the thigh.
muscle definition: [1] Muskel
muscle definition: Muscle.
muscle definition: Obtenir quelque chose par le biais de la force physique.
muscle definition: Déplacer quelque chose par la force.
 
 
deGerman
Muschel definition: [1] Wassertier mit zweiklappiger Schale (Stamm Mollusca, Klasse Bivalvia) [2] Schale einer Muschel[1] oder Wasserschnecke [3] wie eine Muschel[1, 2] geformter Gegenstand
Muskel definition: [1] Medizin: Organ, welches durch die Abfolge von Kontraktion und Erschlaffen innere und äußere Strukturen des Organismus bewegen kann
Schultergürtel definition: [1] Anatomie: ein beiderseits aus mehreren Knochen zusammengesetzter Teil des Skeletts der Wirbeltiere, der primär der Befestigung der Vorderextremitäten dient
 
frFrench
muscle definition: [1] Muskel
muscle definition: Organe contractile assurant le mouvement, chez l’homme et chez les animaux.
muscle definition: '''Avoir du muscle''' : Être très fort.
 
caCatalan
muscle definition: [1] Anatomie: der Schultergürtel, die Schulter
 
ocOccitan (post 1500); Provençal
muscle definition: [1] Anatomie: der Muskel [2] Zoologie: die Muschel
 
nlDutch
spier definition: muscle