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Definition
 
enEnglish
Artificial Organs definition: Devices intended to replace non-functioning organs. They may be temporary or permanent. Since they are intended always to function as the natural organs they are replacing, they should be differentiated from PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS and specific types of prostheses which, though also replacements for body parts, are frequently cosmetic (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) as well as functional (ARTIFICIAL LIMBS).
Cochlea definition: The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.
cochlea definition: part of the internal ear that is concerned with hearing; forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, is conical, and is placed almost horizontally anterior to the vestibule.
Cochlea definition: The snail shell-shaped auditory component of the inner ear. It contains the sensory organ of hearing.
Consumer Organizations definition: Organized groups of users of goods and services.
Electric Organ definition: In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)
fish electric organ definition: in species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disc-like multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix; muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, for example, the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers; powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second and serve to stun prey and ward off predators.
Enamel Organ definition: Epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
enamel organ definition: epithelial cells surrounding the dental papilla and differentiated into three layers: the inner enamel epithelium, consisting of ameloblasts which eventually form the enamel, and the enamel pulp and external enamel epithelium, both of which atrophy and disappear before and upon eruption of the tooth, respectively.
Fascia definition: see:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html
Fascia organ definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that consists of organ parts composed of various types of connective tissue; it surrounds and interconnects various organs and body parts, and establishes the anatomical integrity of body parts and organ systems. Examples: superficial fascia, investing fascia, fat pad.
Fascia (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that consists of organ parts composed of various types of connective tissue; it surrounds and interconnects various organs and body parts, and establishes the anatomical integrity of body parts and organ systems. Examples: superficial fascia, investing fascia, fat pad.
Fascia definition: A sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue enveloping, separating, or binding together muscles, organs, and other soft structures of the body.
Financing, Organized definition: All organized methods of funding.
organized financing definition: all organized methods of funding by federal, state, and local agencies, as well as private organizations.
Genitalia definition: The external and internal organs related to reproduction.
Genitalia definition: The external sex organs.
Mucous Membrane definition: An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
mucosa definition: mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior.
mucous membrane definition: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
MUCOSA definition: Mucous membrane. (NCI)
Mucosa definition: Mucous membrane.
Muscles definition: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
muscle definition: contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Muscle (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of skeletal muscle tissue aggregated into macroscopic fasciculi by connective tissue; together with other muscles, it constitutes the muscular system. Examples: biceps, diaphragm, masseter, right third external intercostal muscle, external oblique, levator ani, serratus anterior.
Muscle organ definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of skeletal muscle tissue aggregated into macroscopic fasciculi by connective tissue; together with other muscles, it constitutes the muscular system. Examples: biceps, diaphragm, masseter, right third external intercostal muscle, external oblique, levator ani, serratus anterior.
MUSCLE TISSUE definition: Tissue responsible for the body movements and the shape and size changes of interna organs. Muscle tissue is composed of specialized contractile cells. There are two types of muscle tissue recognized: striated and smooth muscle. The striated muscle tissue is further subdivided into skeletal, visceral striated, and cardiac muscle. (NCI)
Muscle definition: One of the contractile organs of the body.
Muscle Tissue definition: Tissue responsible for the body movements and the shape and size changes of interna organs. Muscle tissue is composed of specialized contractile cells. There are two types of muscle tissue recognized:striated and smooth muscle. The striated muscle tissue is further subdivided into skeletal, visceral striated, and cardiac muscle.
Golgi Tendon Organ definition: The Golgi Tendon Organ is located within the tendons found on each end of a muscle. It responds to increased muscle tension or contraction as exerted on the tendon, by inhibiting further muscle contraction, which protects against muscle damage. The proprioceptive sensory neuron of a Golgi tendon organ, projects to the motor neurons located within the ventral horn of the spinal cord, where the inhibition occurs. Unlike the muscle spindle, Golgi tendon organs do not indicate muscle length, but rather muscle tension.
Organ of Corti definition: The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.
organ of Corti definition: organ that contains the special sensory receptors for hearing, composed of a series of epithelial structures placed upon the inner part of the basilar membrane.
Organ Transplantation definition: Transference of an organ between individuals of the same species or between individuals of different species.
transplantation definition: The replacement of tissue with tissue from the person's own body or from another person.
Organ Transplantation definition: The transfer of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. Donors can be living, or cadaveric (dead).
Transplantation definition: Transference of a tissue or organ within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.
organization & administration definition: Used for administrative structure and management.
Organization and Administration definition: The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.
Organizational Affiliation definition: Formal relationships established between otherwise independent organizations. These include affiliation agreements, interlocking boards, common controls, hospital medical school affiliations, etc.
Organizational Innovation definition: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
Organizational Objectives definition: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Organizations definition: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Organizational Unit definition: Organizational unit like a laboratory, institute or consortium.
Organizations, Nonprofit definition: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Nonprofit Organization definition: An organization whose primary objective is to support some issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. Nonprofits generally do not operate to generate profit, and this characteristic is popularly considered to be the defining characterisitic of such organizations. However, a non-profit organization may accept, hold and disburse money and other things of value. It may also legally and ethically trade at a profit. The extent to which it can generate income may be constrained, or the use of those profits may be restricted.
Dehiscence definition: A splitting open of an anatomical structure, zone, or organ with the exposure or discharge of its content.
Models, Organizational definition: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
organ definition: structure containing more than one cell type, organized to carry out a particular function of the body.
organ definition: A part of the body that performs a specific function. For example, the heart is an organ.
Organ definition: Anatomical structure which has as its direct parts portions of two or more types of tissue or two or more types of cardinal organ part which constitute a maximally connected anatomical structure demarcated predominantly by a bona fide anatomical surface. Examples: femur, biceps, liver, heart, skin, tracheobronchial tree, ovary.
Organ definition: Anatomical structure, which consists of the maximal set of organ parts so connected to one another that together they constitute a unit of macroscopic anatomy, structurally distinct from other such units. Together with other organs, an organ constitutes an organ system or a body part. An organ is divisible into organ parts but not organs. Examples: femur, biceps, liver, heart, skin, tracheobronchial tree, sciatic nerve, ovary.
Organ definition: A unique macroscopic (gross) anatomic structure that performs specific functions. It is composed of various tissues. An organ is part of an anatomic system or a body region. Representative examples include the heart, lung, liver, spleen, and uterus.
Efficiency, Organizational definition: The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
Vomeronasal Organ definition: An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.
Organogenesis definition: Formation of differentiated cells and complicated tissue organization to provide specialized functions.
organ development definition: Development of a tissue or tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Development pertains to the process whose specific outcome is the progression of a structure over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Organs are commonly observed as visibly distinct structures, but may also exist as loosely associated clusters of cells that work together to perform a specific function or functions. [GOC:dph, GOC:jic]
Organogenesis definition: Formation of organs during development.
bone definition: hard form of connective tissue that constitutes the majority of the skeleton of most vertebrates; it consists of an organic component (the cells and matrix) and an inorganic, or mineral component; the matrix contains a framework of collagenous fibers and is impregnated with the mineral component, chiefly calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate, which imparts the quality of rigidity to bone.
Bone (organ) definition: Organ with cavitated organ parts, which primarily consists of compact (cortical) and cancellous bone, which surround bone marrow cavities; together with other bones, cartilages and joints, it constitutes the skeletal system. Examples: femur, sternum, maxilla, vertebra, talus.
Bone organ definition: Organ with cavitated organ parts, which primarily consists of compact (cortical) and cancellous bone, which surround bone marrow cavities; together with other bones, cartilages and joints, it constitutes the skeletal system. Examples: femur, sternum, maxilla, vertebra, talus.
BONE definition: Connective tissue that forms the skeletal components of the body. (NCI)
Bone definition: Connective tissue that forms the skeletal components of the body.
Membrane (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of dense connective tissue organized into a sheet which interconnects two or more organs, separates two or more body spaces from one another, or surrounds an organ or body part. Examples: interosseous membrane of forearm, obturator membrane, tympanic membrane, fibrous pericardium, fascia lata, dura mater.
Membrane organ definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of dense connective tissue organized into a sheet which interconnects two or more organs, separates two or more body spaces from one another, or surrounds an organ or body part. Examples: interosseous membrane of forearm, obturator membrane, tympanic membrane, fibrous pericardium, fascia lata, dura mater.
Organ cavity definition: Anatomical cavity, which is surrounded by all morphological parts of an organ; is continuous within the organ; contains one or more body substances. Examples: pericardial cavity, cavity of stomach, uterine cavity.
Organ cavity definition: Anatomical cavity, which is surrounded by all morphological parts of an organ; is continuous within the organ; contains one or more body substances. Examples: pericardial cavity, cavity of stomach, uterine cavity.
Bioartificial Organs definition: Artificial organs that are composites of biomaterials and cells. The biomaterial can act as a membrane (container) as in BIOARTIFICIAL LIVER or a scaffold as in bioartificial skin.
Cavernous organ definition: Organ with cavitated organ parts, which consist of fibrous trabeculae and endothelial wall that surround cavernous (vascular) spaces. Examples: cavernous organ of penis, cavernous organ of clitoris.
Cavernous organ definition: Organ with cavitated organ parts, which consist of fibrous trabeculae and endothelial wall that surround cavernous (vascular) spaces. Examples: cavernous organ of penis, cavernous organ of clitoris.
Ligament organ definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of dense connective tissue aggregated into fasciculi by connective tissue. Examples: sutural ligament, radiate sternocostal ligament, ligament of liver, ovarian ligament.
Ligament (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of dense connective tissue aggregated into fasciculi by connective tissue. Examples: sutural ligament, radiate sternocostal ligament, ligament of liver, ovarian ligament.
Organ cluster definition: Anatomical cluster which consists of all or some members of one or more organ subclasses which are grouped together according to some shared attributes. Examples: abdominal viscera, pelvic viscera.
Organ cluster definition: Anatomical cluster which consists of all or some members of one or more organ subclasses which are grouped together according to some shared attributes. Examples: abdominal viscera, pelvic viscera.
Lobular organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which subdivides the parenchyma into lobes, segments, lobules and acini. Examples: lung, liver, lactiferous gland, testis.
Lobular organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which subdivides the parenchyma into lobes, segments, lobules and acini. Examples: lung, liver, lactiferous gland, testis.
Corticomedullary organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which subdivides the parenchyma into cortex and medulla. Examples: thymus, spleen, ovary.
Corticomedullary organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which subdivides the parenchyma into cortex and medulla. Examples: thymus, spleen, ovary.
Homogeneous organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which does not subdivide the parenchyma into distinct morphological organ parts. Examples: parathyroid gland, coccygeal body, right carotid body.
Homogeneous organ definition: Parenchymatous organ the stroma of which does not subdivide the parenchyma into morphological organ parts. Examples: parathyroid gland, coccygeal body, right carotid body.
Cavitated organ definition: Organ the unshared parts of which surround one or more macroscopic anatomical spaces. Examples: neuraxis, tooth, esophagus, heart, long bone, corpus spongiosum of penis.
Cavitated organ definition: Organ the unshared parts of which surround one or more macroscopic anatomical spaces. Examples: neuraxis, tooth, esophagus, heart, long bone, corpus spongiosum of penis.
Organ with organ cavity definition: Cavitated organ in which its unshared parts surround one continuous anatomical space. Examples: stomach, urinary bladder, esophagus, uterine tube.
Organ with organ cavity definition: Cavitated organ in which its unshared parts surround one continuous anatomical space. Examples: stomach, urinary bladder, esophagus, uterine tube.
Organ with cavitated organ parts definition: Cavitated organ in which its unshared parts surround two or more macroscopic anatomical spaces. Examples: heart, long bone, corpus spongiosum of penis, bulb of vestibule.
Organ with cavitated organ parts definition: Cavitated organ in which its unshared parts surround two or more macroscopic anatomical spaces. Examples: heart, long bone, corpus spongiosum of penis, bulb of vestibule.
Neural tree organ definition: Neural tree organNonparenchymatous organ which has as its parts an aggregate of neurons (nuclei or ganglia) and their axons which are grouped into fasciculi by connective tissue to form elongated, cable-like structures that are arranged into a tree. Examples: vagus nerve, cervical spinal nerve, T2 spinal nerve (including the nuclei and ganglia of these nerves).
Neural tree (organ) definition: Nonparenchymatous organ that primarily consists of an aggregate of neurons (in nuclei or ganglia) and their axons which are grouped into fasciculi by connective tissue to form elongated, cable-like structures that are arranged into a tree. Examples: vagus nerve, cervical spinal nerve, T2 spinal nerve (including the nuclei and ganglia of these nerves).
Nonparenchymatous organ definition: Solid organ which consists of organ parts that are arranged as fascicles or sheets. Examples: muscle (organ), ligament (organ), membrane (organ), skin, viscerocranial mucosa.
Nonparenchymatous organ definition: Solid organ which consists of organ parts that are arranged as fascicles or sheets. Examples: muscle (organ), ligament (organ), membrane (organ), skin, viscerocranial mucosa.
induction of an organ definition: The close range interaction of two or more cells or tissues that causes them to change their fates and specify the development of an organ. [ISBN:0878932437]
organ definition: Organe.
organ definition: Orgue.
 
 
deGerman
Organ definition: [1] ein Glied, ein Teil in einem größeren (meist technischen oder biologischen) Zusammenhang mit einer bestimmten Gestalt und Funktion [2] ein Körperteil, der eine spezielle Funktion hat, wie Herz, Leber, Lunge, Augen [3] synonym für: Sinn, Empfindung, Empfänglichkeit [4] synonym für: Stimme [5] synonym für: Orgel [6] eine Zeitung oder Zeitschrift einer Partei, eines Vereins oder einer anderen Körperschaft [7] ein Teil des Staatsapparates (Amt, Behörde) in realsozialistischen Staaten [8] eine in einer bestimmten Angelegenheit, mit einem bestimmten Aufgabenbereich beauftragte, bestellte Behörde, Stelle, Person, beauftragtes Gremium.
Drehorgel definition: [1] ein mechanisches Musikinstrument, das mit einer Kurbel betrieben (gespielt) wird
Hammondorgel definition: [1] Musikinstrument: eine mechanisch-elektronische Orgel
Orgel definition: [1] ein großes Musikinstrument mit Manualen und einer Klaviatur für die Füße [2] schweizerisch: eine Handharmonika
Organ definition: Organe.
Sinnesorgan definition: Organe des sense.
 
frFrench
orgue definition: [1] Orgel
organe definition: Partie d’un corps organisé, laquelle remplit une ou des fonctions nécessaires ou utiles à la vie de cet organisme, et constituée de cellules et tissus remplissant une fonction spécifique.
organe definition: La voix.
organe definition: Les diverses parties d’une machine.
organe definition: Ce dont on se sert pour déclarer ses volontés, par l’entremise et par le moyen de quoi on fait quelque chose.
organe definition: Journal, gazette de propagande.
orgue definition: Instrument de musique, à vent et à touches, composé de tuyaux de différentes sortes et de différentes grandeurs, alimentés d’air par des soufflets et que l’on fait résonner en appuyant sur les touches d’un ou de plusieurs claviers.
orgue definition: Lieu élevé où les '''orgues''' sont placées dans une église.
orgue definition: Colonnes prismatiques de basalte dont la disposition rappelle les tuyaux d’un '''orgue'''.
 
itItalian
organo definition: [1] in der Biologie und Medizin ein spezialisierter Teil des Körpers, der aus unterschiedlichen Zellen und Geweben besteht [2] Recht, Politik: das Organ [3] ein über Tasten spielbares Musikinstrument, das den Klang durch Pfeifen erzeugt, die durch einen Luftstrom angeblasen werden
 
daDanish
organ definition: Organe.
 
idIndonesian
organ definition: Orgue.
 
svSwedish
organ definition: Organe.
 
caCatalan
òrgan definition: Organe.
 
csCzech
orgán definition: Organe.
orgán definition: Organe.