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Definition
 
enEnglish
Bronchopneumonia definition: Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is associated with BRONCHITIS, usually involving lobular areas from TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES to the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. The affected areas become filled with exudate that forms consolidated patches.
Chimera definition: An individual that contains cell populations derived from different zygotes.
Chimera definition: An organism with tissues derived from two or more genotypes; composed of parts that are of different origin.
Lichens definition: Any of a group of plants formed by a mutual combination of an alga and a fungus.
organism definition: A living thing, such as an animal, a plant, a bacterium, or a fungus.
organism definition: tree section heading term for organisms.
Organism definition: Any individual living thing.
Blastocystis hominis definition: A species of parasitic protozoa found in the intestines of humans and other primates. It was classified as a yeast in 1912. Over the years, questions arose about this designation. In 1967, many physiological and morphological B. hominis characteristics were reported that fit a protozoan classification. Since that time, other papers have corroborated this work and the organism is now recognized as a protozoan parasite of humans causing intestinal disease with potentially disabling symptoms.
Dichelobacter nodosus definition: A gram-negative, obligate anaerobe of the family Cardiobacteriaceae. It has polar fimbriae and is the causative agent of ovine FOOT ROT. It is the lone species in the genus Dichelobacter.
microorganism definition: An organism that can be seen only through a microscope. Microorganisms include bacteria, protozoa, algae, and fungi. Although viruses are not considered living organisms, they are sometimes classified as microorganisms.
microorganism definition: organism of microscopic or ultramicroscopic size.
Microorganism definition: A microscopic organism. The term microorganism may refer to a prokaryote or eukaryote, and may be a unicellular or multicellular organism. All taxonomic kingdoms contain microorganisms.
microorganism definition: All single celled living organisms including protozoa, bacteria, yeast, viruses, etc.
Pathogen definition: An agent of disease; a disease producer.
Cloning, Organism definition: The formation of one or more genetically identical organisms derived by vegetative reproduction from a single cell. The source nuclear material can be embryo-derived, fetus-derived, or taken from an adult somatic cell.
aquatic organism definition: organisms living or growing in or on water.
thermophilic organism definition: organism that grows best at elevated temperatures.
Marine Organism definition: Any organism that lives in the sea
Organisms, Transgenic definition: Organisms that have had genes from other species inserted into their genome.
Eukaryota definition: Organism or cells with a nucleus separated from the cytoplasm by a two membrance nuclear envelope and compartmentalization of function into distinct cytoplasmic organelles.
Eukaryota definition: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; various ALGAE, and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Organisms, Genetically Modified definition: Organisms whose GENOME has been changed by a GENETIC ENGINEERING technique.
host definition: Any organism in which another organism, especially a parasite or symbiont, spends part or all of its life cycle and from which it obtains nourishment and/or protection. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
Host definition: An organism that nourishes and supports another but does not benefit by the association; recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor.
Experimental Organism Anatomical Concept definition: Naturally occurring infrahuman biological structures.
Experimental Organism Diagnosis definition: Any abnormal condition that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the affected organism. Used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function.
Laboratory Organism definition: A grouping of those organisms that are commonly used in laboratory research.
Lower Organism definition: A subjective term that might be applied to any non-human organism.
Organism Modification definition: Techniques used for deliberately altering the genetic material of an organism in order to make them capable of making new substances or performing new or different functions.
Organism Strain definition: A population or type of organisms that is genetically different from others of the same species and possessing a set of defined characteristics.
Whole Organism definition: Considering the organism as a whole
cell competition in a multicellular organism definition: Competitive interactions within multicellular organisms between cell populations that differ in growth rates, leading to the elimination of the slowest-growing cells. As in, but not restricted to, animals (Metazoa, ncbi_taxonomy_id:33208). [GOC:bf, PMID:1116643, PMID:15066286]
developmental cell growth definition: The growth of a cell, where growth contributes to the progression of the cell over time from one condition to another. [GOC:go_curators, GOC:isa_complete]
competition with another organism definition: Any process by which an organism within a multispecies research community gains an advantage in growth or survival over another organism of a different species in that research community. [GOC:cc]
cytolysis of cells of another organism definition: The killing by an organism of a cell in another organism by means of the rupture of cell membranes and the loss of cytoplasm. [GOC:ai]
behavioral interaction between organisms definition: Any process by which an organism has a behavioral effect on another organism of the same or different species. [GOC:ai]
Gene_Found_In_Organism definition: This role is used to differentiate genes of same name and functions that originate from different organisms. The domain and range kind for this role are Gene_Kind and Organism_Kind, respectively.
catabolism by symbiont of substance in host definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism in its host resulting in the breakdown of substances. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
biosynthesis by symbiont of substance in host definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism in its host resulting in the formation of substances. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
catabolism by symbiont of host macromolecule definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism resulting in the breakdown of macromolecules within the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
catabolism by symbiont of host protein definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism resulting in the breakdown of protein macromolecules within the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
catabolism by symbiont of host carbohydrate definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism resulting in the breakdown of carbohydrate molecules within the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
catabolism by symbiont of host glucan definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism resulting in the breakdown of glucan molecules within the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
catabolism by symbiont of host xylan definition: The chemical reactions and pathways performed by an organism resulting in the breakdown of xylan within the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [ISBN:0198547684]
induction by symbiont of host apoptosis definition: Any process by which an organism activates programmed cell death in the host, where programmed cell death proceeds by apoptosis. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
evasion or tolerance by symbiont of host-produced nitric oxide definition: The process by which an organism avoids the effects of nitric oxide produced as a defense response by the host organism. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by symbiont of induced systemic resistance in host definition: Any process by which an organism activates induced systemic resistance in the host; induced systemic resistance is a response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance to disease and that does not depend upon salicylic acid signaling. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by symbiont of systemic acquired resistance in host definition: Any process by which an organism activates systemic acquired resistance in the host organism; systemic acquired resistance is a salicylic acid-mediated response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by organism of defense-related nitric oxide production in other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: The activation by an organism of the production of nitric oxide that occurs as part of the defense response of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by organism of defense-related calcium ion flux in other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: The activation by an organism of a flux of calcium ions that occurs as part of the defense response of a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by organism of induced systemic resistance in other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: Any process by which an organism activates induced systemic resistance, a response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance to disease and that does not depend upon salicylic acid signaling, in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
induction by organism of systemic acquired resistance in other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: Any process by which an organism activates systemic acquired resistance, a salicylic acid-mediated response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance, in a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
evasion or tolerance by organism of nitric oxide produced by other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: The process by which an organism avoids the effects of nitric oxide produced as a defense response by a second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
upregulation by organism of programmed cell death in other organism during symbiotic interaction definition: Any process by which an organism increases the frequency, rate or extent of programmed cell death in the second organism, where the two organisms are in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo_17jul06]
cytolysis by symbiont of host cells definition: The killing by an organism of a cell in its host organism by means of the rupture of cell membranes and the loss of cytoplasm. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:add]
disruption by symbiont of host cells definition: Any process by which an organism has a negative effect on the functioning of the host's cells. The host is defined as the larger of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:cc]
activation by organism of ISR in symbiont definition: OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism activates induced systemic resistance in the symbiont; induced systemic resistance is a response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance to disease and that does not depend upon salicylic acid signaling. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo]
activation by organism of SAR in symbiont definition: OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism activates systemic acquired resistance in the symbiont organism; systemic acquired resistance is a salicylic acid-mediated response that confers broad spectrum systemic resistance. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo]
evasion or tolerance by organism of symbiont NO definition: OBSOLETE. The process by which an organism avoids the effects of nitric oxide produced as a defense response by the symbiont organism. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo]
activation by organism of symbiont apoptosis definition: OBSOLETE. Any process by which an organism activates programmed cell death in the symbiont, where programmed cell death proceeds by apoptosis. The symbiont is defined as the smaller of the organisms involved in a symbiotic interaction. [GOC:mtg_pamgo]
Organism Forms definition: Specific states or life cycle stages of organisms. These include post-embryonic stages of insects, symbiotic relationships between organisms, and reproductive elements such as spores.
organism definition: [1] Organismus
 
 
deGerman
Lebewesen definition: [1] Zellverbund, der über Stoffwechsel verfügt und sich fortpflanzt; Zelle
Organismus definition: [1] Biologie und Medizin: ein individuelles Lebewesen [2] Sozialwissenschaften: ein Gemeinwesen oder ein Sozialkörper
 
bgBulgarian
организъм definition: [1] Organismus
 
frFrench
organisme definition: Ensemble des organes d’un être vivant, d’un animal.
organisme definition: Être vivant organisé, unicellulaire ou pluricellulaire.
organisme definition: Corps humain.
organisme definition: Réunion de personnes ayant un but commun, pour effectuer une action à but social ou industriel.
micro-organisme definition: Tout organisme vivant qui ne peut être vu qu’au travers d'un microscope optique ou électronique.