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Definition
 
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adenine nucleotide definition: condensation product of adenosine and phosphoric acid; a nucleotide found among the hydrolysis products of all nucleic acids.
Calcium Phosphates definition: Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.
cytosine nucleotide definition: one of the monomeric units from which DNA or RNA polymers are constructed, consisting of a cytosine base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group.
Deoxyadenine Nucleotides definition: Adenine nucleotides which contain deoxyribose as the sugar moiety.
Deoxycytosine Nucleotides definition: Cytosine nucleotides which contain deoxyribose as the sugar moiety.
Deoxyguanine Nucleotides definition: Guanine nucleotides which contain deoxyribose as the sugar moiety.
Deoxyuracil Nucleotides definition: Uracil nucleotides which contain deoxyribose as the sugar moiety.
Dinucleoside Phosphates definition: A group of compounds which consist of a nucleotide molecule to which an additional nucleoside is attached through the phosphate molecule(s). The nucleotide can contain any number of phosphates.
dinucleotide definition: nucleotide consisting of two units each composed of a phosphate, a pentose, and a nitrogen base.
Dolichol Phosphates definition: Phosphoric acid esters of dolichol.
guanine nucleotide definition: phosphate ester of a guanine nucleoside, particularly the 5'-phosphate of guanine in N-glycosidic linkage with ribose or deoxyribose as occurs in nucleic acid.
Inositol Phosphates definition: Phosphoric acid esters of inositol. They include mono- and polyphosphoric acid esters, with the exception of inositol hexaphosphate which is PHYTIC ACID.
inositol phosphate definition: phosphoric acid esters of inositol.
Mannitol Phosphates definition: Phosphoric acid esters of mannitol.
Phosphates definition: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
Phosphoric Acid Esters definition: Organic esters of phosphoric acid.
phosphoric ester definition: organic esters of phosphoric acid.
Polyisoprenyl Phosphates definition: Phosphoric or pyrophosphoric acid esters of polyisoprenoids.
Ribonucleotides definition: Nucleotides in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose. (Dorland, 28th ed)
ribonucleotide definition: nucleotide in which the purine or pyrimidine base is combined with ribose.
Thymine Nucleotides definition: Phosphate esters of THYMIDINE in N-glycosidic linkage with ribose or deoxyribose, as occurs in nucleic acids. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1154)
Tritolyl Phosphates definition: A mixture of isomeric tritolyl phosphates. Used in the sterilization of certain surgical instruments and in many industrial processes.
uracil nucleotide definition: molecule containing a uracil base, a five carbon ribose sugar and one or more phosphate groups.
Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates definition: Phosphatidylinositols in which one or more alcohol group of the inositol has been substituted with a phosphate group.
Potassium Phosphate definition: An inorganic compound used as a laxative, dietary supplement and for electrolyte-replacement purposes. Phosphate, a predominant intracellular anion, plays an important role in energy storage, osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities, regulating serum calcium concentrations and numerous cellular phosphate-transfer reactions. Potassium phosphate increases fluidity of the intestinal contents by retention of water by osmotic forces, thereby indirectly inducing intestinal smooth muscle constriction.
Sodium Phosphate definition: An inorganic compound used as a laxative, dietary supplement and for electrolyte-replacement purposes. Phosphate, a predominant intracellular anion, plays an important role in energy storage, osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities, regulating serum calcium concentrations, and numerous cellular phosphate-transfer reactions. Sodium phosphate increases fluidity of the intestinal contents by retention of water by osmotic forces, thereby indirectly inducing intestinal smooth muscle constriction. Sodium phosphate is also used in the renal excretion of hydrogen ions while promoting the reabsorption of sodium ions.
carbon-oxygen lyase activity, acting on phosphates definition: Catalysis of the cleavage of a carbon-oxygen bond by elimination of a phosphate. [EC:4.2.-.-]