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Definition
 
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Autopsy definition: Postmortem examination of the body.
Autopsy definition: A postmortem examination of the body that includes an examination of the internal organs and structures after dissection to determine the cause of death and the nature of pathological changes.
Postmortem Changes definition: Physiological changes that occur in bodies after death.
Refrigerators, Morgue definition: Refrigerators designed to slow decomposition of stored cadavers in the morgue either during autopsy procedures or until the cadaver is disposed of; the refrigerator usually operates at temperatures between 4 and 10 degrees Celsius (39 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit). These refrigerators typically consist of one or more chambers made with corrosion-resistant (typically stainless steel) interiors, minimizing the risk of adulteration, contamination, and/or corrosion of contents; an internal configuration appropriate for storage and easy manipulation of cadavers; a compressor, condenser, evaporator, tubing, controls, and alarms for dependable long-term storage according to morgue procedures. Morgue refrigerators are available in end-opening, side-opening, and walk-in configurations for a single cadaver or, more frequently, for two or more cadavers.
Saws, Postmortem definition: Saws designed to cut hard tissue during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures. These saws are handheld, manual instruments with a serrated-edge blade and a handle, or heavy-duty powered (e.g., electric, pneumatic) instruments that drive a circular rotating or oscillating blade. Postmortem saws are used to cut bones (e.g., cranium) and other hard tissue; they are frequently provided with an extraction unit and a container for collecting bone/tissue debris.
Scales, Clinical, Autopsy definition: Clinical scales that incorporate a detachable pan that hangs as part of a spring scale or is on the top of a mechanical or electronic scale. These scales typically have a capacity up to 3 to 15 kg (6 to 33 lb) and 10 to 20 g (0.025 to 0.05 lb) readability. Autopsy scales are used to weigh organs and other anatomic parts in autopsy rooms, morgues, and anatomic and pathology laboratories.
Shroud Kits definition: Prepackaged collections (custom or standard) of equipment and supplies intended for use in preparing the body of a deceased patient (cadaver) for transfer to the morgue/mortuary or other appropriate destination. Typical components of these kits include cadaver bags, identification labels (e.g., toe tags or ankle bands), chin straps/ties, absorbent pads, and various lengths of string or other appropriate materials (e.g., for securing the cadaver's limbs). Shroud kits are typically available in various sizes, e.g., child, adult, adult-extra large, etc.
Postmortem Diagnosis definition: Diagnosis of a disease or condition made after DEATH.
Needles, Suture, Postmortem definition: Needles designed for threading sutures in cadaver tissues. These devices typically consist of half-curved, curved, or, more frequently, double-curved stainless steel needles with an eye in one extreme for insertion of the suture and a long, sharp tip at the other end; most suture needles have cutting edges.
Clamps, Postmortem definition: Clamps designed to compress anatomic structures and/or to bring together several isolated objects and/or tissue by pressing, fastening, or binding them firmly during postmortem procedures (e.g., autopsy, dissection). These clamps are typically handheld, manual instruments including two parts pivoted at the center with blunt distal ends; they are usually stronger than surgical clamps and may cause some degree of trauma to tissues. Dedicated postmortem clamps are used as anatomic instruments or to hold ancillary devices in autopsies and dissection procedures.
Chisels, Postmortem definition: Chisels designed to cut and shape bone during procedures (e.g., autopsy, dissection) performed on the body following death (i.e., postmortem procedures). These chisels are typically a sturdy handheld, manual flat-blade instrument with a cutting edge that is beveled on one side at the distal end and an integral straight or, less frequently, cross handle. Postmortem chisels are used mainly during autopsy and cadaver dissection. Dedicated postmortem chisels are available to break and/or open cadaver skulls.
Chisels, Postmortem, Skull definition: Postmortem chisels designed to crack or otherwise open the skull bones (e.g., separate the cranium from the skull through the cranial lines or previous cuts made with a saw) during postmortem procedures. These chisels typically consist of a sturdy, handheld, manual flat-blade instrument with a cutting edge that is beveled on one side at the distal end and cross handle. Skull chisels are used mainly during autopsy and cadaver dissection, including the separation of the cranium from the lower skull.
Freezers, Postmortem definition: Freezers designed to store tissue and, less frequently, organs excised from cadavers during autopsy procedures at temperatures typically from 0 to -20 degrees Celsius (32 to -4 degrees Fahrenheit). These freezers are usually made with a corrosion-resistant (typically stainless steel) interior, minimizing the risk of adulteration, contamination, and/or corrosion of contents; the internal shelving is appropriate for storage and easy location of the tissue and/or organ containers; they are typically manufactured in a stand-alone, upright configuration, but some smaller units are available in an undercounter configuration. Postmortem freezers include automatic defrost capability, maintaining the temperature in the entire freezing chamber within preestablished limits during the process; they also include sensors, controls, monitors, and alarms for dependable long-term storage following laboratory storage standards. Freezers frequently meet security standards to keep forensic evidence valid for extended periods. They are used in autopsy rooms and in medical examiners' offices.
Scissors, Postmortem definition: Scissors designed to cut and dissect tissue during postmortem procedures (e.g., autopsy, dissection). These scissors are typically handheld, manual, heavy-duty instruments with two metallic (e.g., stainless steel) blades with sharp edges and tips that slide past each other (i.e., shearing action) conformed according to the tissues to be dissected. The blades are usually attached to handles with the proximal end conformed as a ring to facilitate holding and operating with the fingers; both parts are joined by a swivel pin in the center. Scissors with sharp and blunt blade tips are available; dedicated postmortem scissors (e.g., with probe tips for the coronary arteries, ball ends for anatomic ducts) are also available.
Punches, Postmortem, Liver definition: Punches designed to excise a segment of tissue from the liver of a cadaver without performing an autopsy. These punches are typically handheld, manual instruments (resembling a stylet) that are appropriate for direct perforation of the abdominal wall and dissection of a liver sample. Postmortem liver punches are used mainly for diagnosis of yellow fever; they are not appropriate for biopsy of internal organs in living persons. The instruments also may be used to obtain samples of other internal organs from cadavers.
Saws, Postmortem, Electric definition: Saws designed to cut hard tissue during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures, driven by electric (either line or battery) power. These saws are typically waterproof (doubled-insulated), heavy-duty handheld powered instruments with an electric motor, a mechanism to drive the blade, and an electric cable. Postmortem electric saws are used to cut bones (e.g., cranium) and other hard tissue; they are frequently provided with an extraction unit and a container for collecting bone/tissue debris.
Saws, Postmortem, Electric, Oscillating definition: Electric saws designed to cut hard tissue during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures using a serrated blade that oscillates at a very high speed perpendicular to the axis of the machine without full rotation. These saws are waterproof (doubled-insulated), heavy-duty, handheld instruments with an electric motor; a mechanism to drive the blade; a detachable, flat, circular or semicircular, toothed blade; and an electric cable. Special attachments, including deep cutting blades, double-bladed mechanisms, and dedicated trephines, are available for these saws. Oscillating electric postmortem saws are used to cut bone (e.g., cranium) and other hard tissue; they are frequently provided with an extraction unit and a container for collecting bone/tissue debris.
Saws, Postmortem, Electric, Rotary definition: Electric saws designed to cut tissue during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures using a serrated blade that rotates at a very high speed. These saws are waterproof (doubled-insulated), heavy-duty, handheld instruments with an electric motor; a mechanism to drive the blade; a detachable, toothed, circular flat blade; and an electric cable. Saws using a mechanism that operates two parallel rotating blades are also available. Rotary electric postmortem saws are used to cut tissue and/or bones not intended for subsequent examination or test; saws are frequently provided with an extraction unit and a container for collecting bone/tissue debris.
Saws, Postmortem, Manual definition: Saws designed to cut hard tissue (e.g., bone) during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures. These saws are typically handheld, manual instruments with a sturdy metal structure, a handle, and a detachable, straight or curved, often serrated blade. Manual postmortem saws are intended to uniformly and accurately cut bones; dedicated postmortem saws intended to cut spinal bone structures are also available.
Saws, Postmortem, Manual, Spinal definition: Manual saws designed to cut the spinal cord during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures. These saws are typically handheld, manual instruments with a sturdy metal structure; a handle; a detachable, curved, wide, serrated double blade; and a guiding attachment. Spinal manual postmortem saws are intended to uniformly and accurately cut spinal cord bones.
Saws, Postmortem, Pneumatic definition: Saws designed to cut hard tissue during autopsy and dissection (i.e., postmortem) procedures, driven by pneumatic power. These saws are heavy-duty, handheld or, less frequently, stationary, powered instruments with a pneumatic motor, a mechanism to drive an oscillating blade, and a hose connected to the pressurized gas source. Postmortem pneumatic saws are usually oscillating saws intended to cut bones (e.g., cranium) and other hard tissue; saws are frequently provided with an extraction unit and a container for collecting bone/tissue debris.
postmortem lividity definition: [1] Rechtsmedizin: die Totenflecke
 
 
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Obduktion definition: [1] (Medizin) Eine Obduktion ist eine innere Leichenschau (Leichenöffnung) zur Feststellung der Todesursache und zur Rekonstruktion des Sterbevorgangs.