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Definition
 
enEnglish
Allosteric Regulation definition: The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
Appetite Regulation definition: Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
regulation of appetite definition: Any process which modulates appetite, the desire or physical craving for food. [GOC:add]
Down-Regulation definition: A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Gene Expression Regulation definition: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
regulation of gene expression definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gene expression. Gene expression is the process in which a gene's coding sequence is converted into a mature gene product or products (proteins or RNA). This includes the production of an RNA transcript as well as any processing to produce a mature RNA product or an mRNA (for protein-coding genes) and the translation of that mRNA into protein. Some protein processing events may be included when they are required to form an active form of a product from an inactive precursor form. [GOC:dph, GOC:tb]
Gene Regulation definition: 1) Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action at the level of transcription or translation. These processes include gene activation and genetic induction. 2) In relation to the structure and organization of a gene; refers to the regulatory elements that segregate with, and act on, a gene in a cis fashion.
Gene Regulation definition: Any subcellular or molecular event or process that regulates transcription of a gene or processing of the transcription product. (NCI)
Government Regulation definition: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
regulation of cell growth definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cell growth. [GOC:go_curators]
Cell Growth Regulation definition: Cell growth regulation controls the rate, or the mechanism, of complex coordinated cellular phenomena that promote cell metabolism, cell growth, and cell division.
neuroregulation definition: regulation and control of the nervous system, or nervous system mechanisms which control or regulate various body functions.
biological regulation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of any biological process, quality or function. [GOC:isa_complete]
Regulation definition: A rule or order issued by an authority stating what may or may not be done or how something must be done.
Regulation definition: Exercise of the authority to restrict or supervise a practice or the conduct of a facility or organization. (AN: not to be used for gene regulation or any biological practices)
regulation of locomotion definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of locomotion of a cell or organism. [GOC:ems]
regulation of macroautophagy definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of macroautophagy. [GOC:krc]
regulation of mitosis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of mitosis. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of meiosis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of meiosis, the process by which the nucleus of a diploid cell divides twice forming four haploid cells, one or more of which usually function as gametes. [GOC:ems, GOC:ma]
regulation of cytoskeleton definition: OBSOLETE. Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the organization, biogenesis or maintenance of the cytoskeleton. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of biosynthetic process definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of catabolic process definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of substances. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of glycolysis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of glycolysis. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of exocytosis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of exocytosis. [GOC:go_curators]
Regulation of Exocytosis definition: Regulation of Exocytosis consists of subcellular biochemical pathways and mechanisms that control release of cellular ingredients packaged in membrane-bound vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane.
regulation of metabolic process definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways within a cell or an organism. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of endocytosis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endocytosis. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of cytolysis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the rupture of cell membranes and the loss of cytoplasm. [GOC:jl]
regulation of growth definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the growth of all or part of an organism so that it occurs at its proper speed, either globally or in a specific part of the organism's development. [GOC:ems, GOC:mah]
regulation of eclosion definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the emergence of an insect from a pupa-case or of a larva from an egg. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198600461]
regulation of angiogenesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of angiogenesis. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of behavior definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of behavior, the specific actions or reactions of an organism in response to external or internal stimuli. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of apoptosis definition: Any process that modulates the occurrence or rate of cell death by apoptosis. [GOC:jl]
regulation of conjugation definition: Any process that modulates the rate or frequency of conjugation, the union or introduction of genetic information from compatible mating types that results in a genetically different individual. [GOC:ai]
regulation of axonogenesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of axonogenesis, the generation of an axon, the long process of a neuron. [GOC:ai]
regulation of coagulation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of coagulation, the process by which a fluid solution, or part of it, changes into a solid or semisolid mass. [GOC:ai]
regulation of chemotaxis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the directed movement of a motile cell or organism in response to a specific chemical concentration gradient. [GOC:ai]
Regulation definition: The act of controlling the rate or manner in which a process progresses or a product is formed.
regulation of biological process definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of a biological process. Biological processes are regulated by many means; examples include the control of gene expression, protein modification or interaction with a protein or substrate molecule. [GOC:ai, GOC:go_curators]
Post-Translational Regulation definition: Post-Translational Regulation is controlled biochemical alteration of proteins involving generally reversible covalent modification or irreversible processing to regulate activity, location, or stability.
regulation of proteolysis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein. [GOC:mah]
Regulation of Proteolysis definition: Biochemical and cellular mechanisms involved in Regulation of Proteolysis ensure that hydrolysis of one or more peptide bonds within target proteins by proteolytic enzymes occur at the correct time and location.
eIF2 Regulation Pathway definition: Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in the control of translation by eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF-2). eIF-2 binds GTP and Met-tRNAi and transfers the Met-tRNA to the 40S subunit, to form the 43S preinitiation complex. Later in the cycle, prior to elongation, the bound GTP is hydrolyzed , releasing eIF-2-GDP. For eIF-2 to promote another round of initiation, GDP must be exchanged for GTP, a reaction catalyzed by eIF-2B. Kinases activated by viral infection (PKR), endoplasmic reticulum stress (PERK/PEK), amino acid deprivation (GCN2), and hemin deficiency (HRI) can phosphorylate the a subunit of eIF-2. This phosphorylation stabilizes the eIF-2-GDP-eIF-2B complex, inhibiting the turnover of eIF-2B. eIF-2B is also inhibited by GSK-3b phosphorylation. These events result in a shut-down of cellular protein synthesis and can lead to apoptosis.
Oxidative Regulation definition: Oxidative Regulation involves cellular and biochemical mechanisms that localize and control oxidation/reduction reactions, or that constrain their byproducts, in order to maintain cellular health and homeostasis.
regulation of binding definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of binding, the selective interaction of a molecule with one or more specific sites on another molecule. [GOC:ai]
regulation of fever definition: Any process that modulates the rate or extent of fever. [GOC:add, GOC:dph, GOC:tb]
regulation of buoyancy definition: Any process that modulates an organism's tendency or ability to rise or float in a fluid medium such as water or air, often through the use of stored gases. [GOC:mah, PATO:0001420]
regulation of dephosphorylation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of removal of phosphate groups from a molecule. [GOC:bf]
regulation of fermentation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fermentation, the anaerobic enzymatic conversion of organic compounds, especially carbohydrates, to other compounds, especially to ethyl alcohol, resulting in energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). [GOC:jl]
regulation of catagen definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of catagen, the regression phase of the hair cycle. [GOC:ai]
regulation of anagen definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anagen, the growth phase of the hair cycle. [GOC:ai]
regulation of exogen definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of exogen, the shedding phase of the hair cycle. [GOC:ai]
regulation of gluconeogenesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gluconeogenesis, the formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors, such as pyruvate, amino acids and glycerol. [GOC:go_curators]
regulation of fibrinolysis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of fibrinolysis, an ongoing process that solubilizes fibrin, resulting in the removal of small blood clots. [GOC:ai]
regulation of gliogenesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of gliogenesis, the formation of mature glia. [GOC:ef]
regulation of anatomical structure morphogenesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of anatomical structure morphogenesis. [GOC:mah]
regulation of cytokinesis definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell and its separation into two daughter cells. [GOC:mah]
regulation of hypersensitivity definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of hypersensitivity. [GOC:add]
regulation of karyogamy definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of karyogamy, the creation of a single nucleus from multiple nuclei as a result of membrane fusion. [GOC:mah]
regulation of localization definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of any process by which a cell, a substance, or a cellular entity is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location. [GOC:mah]
regulation of diuresis definition: Any process that modulates the rate of diuresis. Diuresis is the process of renal water excretion. [GOC:mtg_cardio]
regulation of plant-type hypersensitive response definition: Any endogenous process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the plant hypersensitive response. [PMID:16255244]
regulation of gastrulation definition: Any process that modulates the rate or extent of gastrulation. Gastrulation is the complex and coordinated series of cellular movements that occurs at the end of cleavage during embryonic development of most animals. [GOC:dph, GOC:tb]
regulation of autophagy definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of autophagy. Autophagy is the process by which cells digest parts of their own cytoplasm. [GOC:dph, GOC:tb]
regulation of flocculation definition: Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the non-sexual aggregation of single-celled organisms. [GOC:dph, GOC:tb]
regulation of biomineral formation definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of biomineral formation, the formation of hard tissues that consist mainly of inorganic compounds. [GOC:mah]
regulation of histolysis definition: Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of the breakdown of tissues; usually, if not always, accompanied by cell death. [GOC:dph, GOC:rl, GOC:tb]
regulation of excretion definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate, or extent of excretion, the elimination by an organism of the waste products that arise as a result of metabolic activity. [GOC:jl]
regulation definition: Commandement, gouvernement, règne, tenue.
regulation definition: Règle.
regulation definition: Statut.
regulation definition: Réglement.
regulation definition: Réglage.
ascendance definition: Autorité.
ascendance definition: Commandement, gouvernement, règne, tenue.
ascendancy definition: Autorité.
ascendancy definition: Commandement, gouvernement, règne, tenue.
governance definition: Commandement, gouvernement, règne, tenue.
governance definition: Administration, direction, gérance, gestion.
by-law definition: Statut.
 
 
deGerman
Bestimmung definition: [1] ohne Plural: der Vorgang des Bestimmens [2] Anordnung, Vorschrift [3] ohne Plural: Verwendungszweck [4] Zielort eines Reisenden oder einer Warensendung [5] ohne Plural: das, was schon vorbestimmt ist; Schicksal, Berufung [6] wissenschaftliche Ermittlung, zum Beispiel von Pflanzen, von chemischen Zusammensetzungen etc [7] Grammatik: Satzteil, der einen Umstand angibt
Regelung definition: [1] allgemein: das Ordnen, Regeln [2] Technik: Verfahren, bei dem das Ergebnis über eine Rückkopplung Einfluss auf die Stellgröße nimmt
Vorschrift definition: [1] Anweisung, die man befolgen muss
 
frFrench
gouvernement definition: Action, charge, ou manière de gouverner, de régir, d’administrer quelque chose, en particulier dans le domaine politique.
gouvernement definition: Pouvoir qui gouverne un État.
gouvernement definition: Organisation, structure politique de l’État.
gouvernement definition: Ceux qui gouvernent un état et particulièrement le pouvoir exécutif.
gouvernement definition: Charge de gouverneur dans une province, dans une ville, dans une place forte, dans une maison royale.
gouvernement definition: La ville et le pays qui sont sous le pouvoir de ce gouverneur.
statut definition: Ensemble de lois, de règlements, coutumes, spécialement applicables ,soit à des personnes, ou des groupes de personnes, soit à des biens.
statut definition: État fixé par une loi, un règlement, etc.
statut definition: Règle établie pour la conduite d’une compagnie, d’une communauté, d’une association, d’une société, etc.
autorégulation definition: Processus où un facteur inhibant endogène compense les effets de changements internes ou externes.
autorégulation definition: Système de régulation où le produit d’un gène contrôle sa propre expression.
régulation definition: Action de réguler.
régulation definition: Activité d'affectation et de suivi des aéronefs exercée à la direction d'une compagnie aérienne pour l'ensemble de sa flotte, en fonction des programmes d'exploitation, en matière de contrôle de la circulation aérienne et sur chaque plate-forme aéroportuaire pour les vols qui y arrivent ou en partent.
réglementation definition: Ensemble de d'indications, de prescriptions, de lois, de règles, régissant une activité sociale.
réglementation definition: Action de réglementer
commandement definition: Ordre que donne celui qui a pouvoir de commander.
commandement definition: Tout ordre bref qu’on donne à haute voix pour faire exécuter certains mouvements, certaines manœuvres.
commandement definition: Exploit fait par un huissier, en vertu d’un jugement ou d’un titre exécutoire par lequel il commande, au nom de la loi et de la justice, de payer, de vider les lieux, etc.
commandement definition: Loi, précepte.
commandement definition: Autorité, pouvoir de commander.
commandement definition: Action de commander, manière de commander.
règne definition: Exercice du pouvoir souverain dans un état monarchique.
règne definition: Pouvoir d'un potentat.
règne definition: Autorité, influence, d'une chose en vogue, en crédit.
règne definition: Un des grands groupes de l'histoire naturelle, répartie entre animaux, végétaux et minéraux
réglage definition: Action de régler ou, résultat de cette action.
règle definition: Instrument de bois, de métal ou de quelque autre matière, qui sert à guider la main quand on veut tracer des lignes droites.
règle definition: Principe, maxime, loi, enseignement, et généralement tout ce qui sert à conduire, à diriger l'esprit et le cœur.
règle definition: Ordre, bon ordre.
règle definition: Exemple, modèle.
règle definition: Lois humaines, des ordonnances, des coutumes, des usages.
règle definition: Préceptes qui servent à les enseigner les principes et les méthodes qui en rendent la connaissance plus facile et la pratique plus sûre ; de la manière de les pratiquer qui est considérée comme seule exacte, autorisée.
règle definition: Opération qui se fait sur des nombres donnés, pour trouver des sommes ou des nombres inconnus.
règle definition: Statuts que les religieux d’un ordre sont obligés d’observer.
règle definition: Désigne les menstruations des femmes.
tenue definition: Action de tenir.
tenue definition: Temps pendant lequel certaines assemblées se tiennent.
tenue definition: Manière de tenir, d’entretenir, de soigner.
tenue definition: Action de tenir des livres de comptabilité.
tenue definition: Façon de se tenir, du maintien, des manières.
tenue definition: Assiette ferme et position correcte à cheval.
tenue definition: Dignité dans la conduite.
tenue definition: Correction, soin dans le style.
tenue definition: Manière d’être habillé.
tenue definition: L’uniforme avec tout ce qu’il comporte comme effets et insignes.
tenue definition: Action de tenir, de prolonger une note.
tenue definition: Fief qui relève d’un autre fief.