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Definition
 
enEnglish
Calorimetry, Indirect definition: Calculation of the energy expenditure in the form of heat production of the whole body or individual organs based on respiratory gas exchange.
Cheyne-Stokes Respiration definition: An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
Positive-Pressure Respiration definition: A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
positive pressure breathing definition: method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Respiration definition: Actions performed to measure the function of breathing.
Respiration definition: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Respiration definition: Inhaling and exhaling air into the body and exchanging oxygen.
Respiration definition: Distinct from cell or tissue respiration, Respiration is the act of breathing with the lungs and consists of inspiration, or taking ambient air into the lungs, and expiration, or expelling modified air that contains more carbon dioxide than the air taken in. (NCI)
Respiration Disorders definition: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
respiratory disorder definition: condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the respiratory system.
Respiration, Artificial definition: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
artificial respiration definition: any method of artifical breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs; artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have respiratory insufficiency to increase their intake of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide.
pulmonary respiration definition: total exchange of air between the lungs and the outside air, usually measured in liters per minute.
Pulmonary Ventilation definition: The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Recorders, Graphic, Trend, Respiration Rate definition: Trend graphic recorders used to record the respiration rate.
Simulators, Respiration definition: Simulators designed to mimic some characteristics (e.g., rate, sound, thoracic impedance variation) of the normal or abnormal functioning of the human respiration cycle.
Monitors, Bedside, Respiration/Anesthetic Gas, Mass Spectrography definition: Anesthetic gas/respiratory monitors that use a mass spectrometer to determine a sample's fractional gas concentration of several respiratory and anesthetic gases. These monitors consist of a gas sampler, a mass spectrometer, electronic circuits, and a display; they require use of a disposable kit including tubes, adapters, and a filter for proper functioning. Mass spectrography respiratory monitors can identify and quantify simultaneously all common respiratory and anesthetic gases, including nitrogen (N2). The quantification of nitrogen may aid in the diagnosis of intraoperative air embolism during surgery and in assessing the integrity of the delivery system. Mass spectrography monitors can be used as a bedside dedicated single-patient monitor or as a part of a computerized system for many patients on a time-sharing basis.
Respiration Alteration definition: Change in or modification of the breathing function.
Respiratory Rate definition: The rate of breathing (inhalation and exhalation) measured within in a unit time, usually expressed as breaths per minute.
Respiratory Rate definition: The rate of breathing (inhalation and exhalation) measured within in a unit time, usually expressed as breaths per minute. (NCI)
Respiratory Rate definition: The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
Tachypnea definition: Abnormal increase of rate of breathing.
Bradypnea definition: Abnormal decrease of rate of breathing.
Positive-Pressure Respiration, Intrinsic definition: Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Cell Respiration definition: The metabolic process of all living cells (animal and plant) in which oxygen is used to provide a source of energy for the cell.
aerobic respiration definition: The enzymatic release of energy from organic compounds (especially carbohydrates and fats) which requires oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0140513590]
cellular respiration definition: The enzymatic release of energy from organic compounds (especially carbohydrates and fats) which either requires oxygen (aerobic respiration) or does not (anaerobic respiration). [ISBN:0140513590, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
cellular respiration definition: metabolic process of all living cells; respiration is an oxidation-reduction reaction involving an oxidant (electron acceptor) and a reductant (electron donor); aerobes use oxygen as the electron acceptor.
Cell Respiration definition: A chemical process in which oxygen is used to make energy from carbohydrates (sugars).
Cell Respiration definition: A two-stage process in which molecules are oxidized to produce carbon dioxide and water. In the first stage, glucose is converted to pyruvic acid via the glycolytic pathway. Subsequently, pyruvic acid is metabolized to ultimately yield carbon dioxide and water.
Monitors, Bedside, Respiration, Apnea definition: Respiration monitors designed to detect the cessation of breathing (apnea). These monitors typically sense respiration indirectly (e.g., by detecting changes in the electric impedance of the thoracic cavity using mechanical attachments); some others use more direct methods such as thermistors and carbon dioxide sensors. Apnea monitors typically measure other breathing parameters, such as respiratory rate or volume of air; they usually include audible and visual alarms and allow the user to set threshold limits for the time span needed to activate the alarms.
respiratory insufficiency/failure definition: respiratory function fails to maintain adequate oxygen supply and carbon dioxide removal.
Respiratory Failure definition: Impaired gas exchange by the respiratory system resulting in hypoxemia and decreased oxygenation of the tissues that may be associated with increased arterial levels of carbon dioxide. Causes include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, emphysema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, pneumothorax, and congestive heart failure.
anaerobic respiration definition: The enzymatic release of energy from organic compounds (especially carbohydrates and fats) which uses compounds other than oxygen (e.g. nitrate, sulfate) as the terminal electron acceptor. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0140513590]
respiratory gaseous exchange definition: The process of gaseous exchange between an organism and its environment. In plants, microorganisms, and many small animals, air or water makes direct contact with the organism's cells or tissue fluids, and the processes of diffusion supply the organism with dioxygen (O2) and remove carbon dioxide (CO2). In larger animals the efficiency of gaseous exchange is improved by specialized respiratory organs, such as lungs and gills, which are ventilated by breathing mechanisms. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
alternative respiration definition: Alternative respiration pathway consumes oxygen, oxidizes NADH to NAD+ and generates water. During electron flow, proton motive force is diminished resulting in fewer molecules of ATP compared to cytochrome pathway. The pathway is found in plants, algae and some protozoa. [ISBN:0943088399]
regulation of cellular respiration definition: Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of cellular respiration, the enzymatic release of energy from organic compounds. [GOC:jl]
respiration definition: [1] Atmung, Atmen, Atemholen
respiration definition: Respiration, haleine.
breathing definition: Respiration, haleine.
breathing definition: Esprit.
 
 
deGerman
Mund-zu-Mund-Beatmung definition: [1] Zuführung von Sauerstoff vom Mund des Ersthelfers durch den Mund einer Person, deren Atem stillsteht
Atmung definition: [1] Physiologie: Der aerobe, das heißt Sauerstoff verbrauchende, Abbau (Dissimilation) von Stoffen zur Energiegewinnung und die damit einhergehende Abgabe von Kohlendioxid
Beatmung definition: [1] Medizin: künstliche Zufuhr von Luft in die Lunge eines Patienten
 
itItalian
respiro definition: [1] der Atem [2] der Atemzug [3] die Ruhe, die Pause [4] die Galgenfrist
 
caCatalan
respiració definition: [1] Physiologie: die Atmung
 
frFrench
haleine definition: Souffle de la respiration, air attiré et repoussé par les poumons.
haleine definition: Force particulière des poumons lorsqu'ils peuvent être longtemps sans reprendre l'air.
haleine definition: Air qu'on attire dans les poumons et que ceux-ci renvoient presque aussitôt, produisant ainsi le phénomène double et simultané de l'aspiration et de l'expiration, qui constitue la respiration.
haleine definition: Faculté de respirer.
haleine definition: Se dit d'un auteur dont l'imagination est étroite, pauvre, sans ressort.
haleine definition: '''Perdre haleine, en perdre haleine'''. Perdre la respiration ou ne pouvoir plus respirer qu'avec grande peine et grand effort.
haleine definition: '''Donner, rendre haleine à quelqu'un'''. Lui accorder du repos après un exercice fatigant, soit du corps, soit de l'esprit.
haleine definition: '''Hors d'haleine'''. Se dit de quelqu'un qui perd haleine, qui a perdu haleine.
haleine definition: '''Sans haleine'''. Sans énergie, sans courage.
haleine definition: '''Ce cheval n'est pas en haleine'''. Se dit d'un cheval qui est demeuré longtemps à l'écurie.
respiration definition: Action de respirer.