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Anastomosis, Surgical definition: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Arthrodesis definition: The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)
arthrodesis definition: surgical immobilization of a joint by fusion of joint surfaces by promoting proliferation of bone cells; joint fusion.
Arthrodesis definition: Surgical fixation or immobilization of a joint, performed to allow bones to fuse or join together.
Casts, Surgical definition: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
Diagnostic Techniques, Surgical definition: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of disease or dysfunction by examination of the pathological site or operative field during surgical intervention.
Electrocoagulation definition: Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
fulguration definition: (ful-gyoor-AY-shun) Destroying tissue using an electric current.
Gloves, Surgical definition: Gloves, usually rubber, worn by surgeons, examining physicians, dentists, and other health personnel for the mutual protection of personnel and patient.
SURGEON'S GLOVES definition: A surgeon's glove is a device made of natural or synthetic rubber intended to be worn by operating room personnel to protect a surgical wound from contamination. The lubricating or dusting powder used in the glove is excluded.
Gloves, Surgical definition: Gloves designed for use by healthcare workers at the surgical site. These gloves are usually made of natural rubber latex (NRL); the gloves must provide a barrier against blood and other body fluid pathogens. Staff use facilitated because the gloves have appropriate characteristics of tactility, comfort of use, ease of donning, adequate sterility, tensile strength, puncture resistance, elasticity, and sizing consistency.Surgical gloves are used mainly as a two-way barrier to protect both the patient and the staff against contamination caused by microorganisms. Synthetic surgical gloves intended mainly to prevent the risk of NRL (i.e., hypoallergenic) are also available.
Hemostasis, Surgical definition: Control of bleeding during or after surgery.
Insurance, Surgical definition: A specific type of health insurance which provides surgeons' fees for specified amounts according to the type of surgery listed in the policy.
Pathology, Surgical definition: A field of anatomical pathology in which living tissue is surgically removed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment.
Surgical Pathology definition: A field of anatomical pathology in which tissue or cells removed from a living organism are macroscopically and microscopically reviewed for the purpose of disease diagnosis.
Reoperation definition: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Replantation definition: Restoration of an organ or other structure to its original site.
CLAMP, SURGICAL, GENERAL & PLASTIC SURGERY definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
Clamps, Surgical definition: Clamps designed to compress anatomic structures and/or to bring together several isolated objects and/or tissue by pressing, fastening, or binding them firmly during surgical procedures. Surgical clamps are typically handheld, manual instruments including two parts pivoted at the center with blunt (i.e., atraumatic) distal ends. Dedicated surgical clamps are used for directly performing operative procedures directly or for holding ancillary devices in orthopedic, gastrointestinal, vascular, and other surgical procedures.
Clips, Surgical definition: Clips designed for temporary atraumatic (i.e., without intentionally piercing) attachment or occlusion of anatomic structures (e.g., blood vessels, fallopian tubes) and/or small ancillary devices (e.g., towels, drapes, bandages) during surgical procedures. These clips are typically small (usually metal) instruments with two blades joined at the midportion or made from a single alpha-shaped part and permit only a small jaw opening, have a normally closed resting state, and do not include a handle or other proximal attachment. They can be delivered manually or with an instrument such as dedicated forceps. Surgical clips are used for skin and internal suturing, vascular hemostasis, and temporary occlusion of other anatomic ducts and can hold surgical instruments and/or other small ancillary devices.
Surgical Equipment definition: Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.
Surgical Flaps definition: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature also transferred to the new site. They are used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region. The concept includes pedicled flaps, rotation flaps, tube flaps, etc.
Surgical Instruments definition: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Surgical Mesh definition: Any woven or knit material of open texture used in surgery for the repair, reconstruction, or substitution of tissue. The mesh is usually a synthetic fabric made of various polymers. It is occasionally made of metal.
MESH, SURGICAL definition: Surgical mesh is a metallic or polymeric screen intended to be implanted to reinforce soft tissue or bone where weakness exists. Examples of surgical mesh are metallic and polymeric mesh for hernia repair, and acetabular and cement restrictor mesh used during orthopedic surgery.
Perioperative Nursing definition: Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
OR Nursing definition: Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
Blood Loss, Surgical definition: Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
Intraoperative Hemorrhage definition: Uncontrolled bleeding during a surgical procedure.
Approximators definition: Surgical instruments designed to bring anatomic structures into proximity or apposition (juxtaposition) during surgical procedures. These manual, handheld devices have physical dimensions and characteristics appropriate to the structures that they bring together (e.g., blood vessels, soft tissue, ribs, nerve tissue); they are manufactured with nonconventional shapes or components, differentiating them from other devices (e.g., hooks, clips, forceps) used to approximate anatomic structures. Surgical approximators are frequently used in pairs to grasp torn or resected portions of a single anatomic structure.
Aprons, Surgical definition: Aprons designed to be worn as protective clothing by surgical personnel.
Aspirators, Surgical definition: Aspirators used to evacuate large volumes of gas, fluid, tissue, or other foreign materials from a body cavity by means of deep vacuum suction during surgical procedures.
Bougies definition: Slender surgical instruments designed for passing through thin anatomic tubular structures (e.g., ear canal, urethra, esophagus) for the purposes of calibrating and/or dilating the structure, guiding another instrument through the structure, or dislodging an object. These handheld, manual instruments are typically flexible, rod-shaped, frequently hollow cylinders of metal, plastic, or rubber; they come in a variety of shapes and diameters. Dedicated bougies are available with a variety of shapes at their distal tip, such as bulbous or olive-shaped. Some bougies allow the introduction of a filament with a very small caliber (i.e., a filiform) through the hollow core and/or include a balloon at the distal tip.
CAMERA, STILL, SURGICAL definition: A surgical camera and accessories is a device intended to be used to record operative procedures.
CAMERA, SURGICAL AND ACCESSORIES definition: A surgical camera and accessories is a device intended to be used to record operative procedures.
Cameras, Surgical definition: Photographic or motion-picture cameras used to document surgical procedures and/or to record pathologies during surgery. Some of these cameras include a special flash and a sterile, autoclavable housing that allows the device to be operated by the surgical staff.
DRAPE, SURGICAL definition: A surgical drape and drape accessories is a device made of natural or synthetic materials intended to be used as a protective patient covering, such as to isolate a site of surgical incision from microbial and other contamination. The device includes a plastic wound protector that may adhere to the skin around a surgical incision or be placed in a wound to cover its exposed edges, and a latex drape with a self-retaining finger cot that is intended to allow repeated insertion of the surgeon's finger into the rectum during performance of a transurethral prostatectomy.
Surgical Helmet Systems definition: Systems consisting of a helmet frame, a loose-fitting disposable hood or gown with a face shield, inflow and exhaust fans, filters, and a battery pack. Surgical helmet systems are intended to protect healthcare workers and patients from cross-infection during surgery.
GOWN, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
Gowns, Operating Room definition: Garments designed to be worn over scrub suits or scrub dresses during surgical procedures. They are typically fastened with ties.
Handpieces, Surgical definition: Handpieces designed to operate surgical rotary instruments (e.g., drills, saws) used in surgical procedures for dissecting bone and cartilage, such as orthopedic, middle ear, and cranial procedures. Most surgical handpieces are driven by connection to a power source, typically a pneumatic system or an electric motor. Some surgical handpieces are battery powered.
LAMP, OPERATING-ROOM definition: A surgical lamp (including a fixture) is a device intended to be used to provide visible illumination of the surgical field or the patient.
LAMP, SURGICAL definition: A surgical lamp (including a fixture) is a device intended to be used to provide visible illumination of the surgical field or the patient.
Lights, Surgical definition: Lights that illuminate the surgical site, over a prolonged period of time, for optimal visualization of small, low-contrast objects at varying depths or through small incisions. In addition to providing enough illumination, the lights should reduce shadows and produce minimal color distortion. Also called surgical lamps, OR lights.
MASK, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
MICROSCOPE, SURGICAL definition: A surgical microscope and accessories is an AC-powered device intended for use during surgery to provide a magnified view of the surgical field.
Microscopes, Light, Operating definition: Light microscopes used to magnify minute structures (e.g., nerves, vessels) in the performance of delicate surgical procedures which require high magnification and adjustable focusing. Operating microscopes typically consist of a stereo microscope (standard or modified) and a mobile floor stand or wall or ceiling mount. The microscope is usually held by an adjustable arm attached to the support mechanism. Most operating microscopes are equipped with motorized focusing, adjustable magnification systems (manual, zoom, or both), backup lamps, and inclined tubes that permit the surgeon to see the field from a vertical perspective while keeping the head erect. Dual- or multiple-observation capability and the optical integration of still, motion picture, and TV cameras are common features of these microscopes.
Skin Prep Kits definition: Prepackaged collections (either custom or standard) of the necessary supplies to be used to prepare the intended surgical/procedure site on the patient (e.g., the skin/area where the surgical incision will be made, the skin/area where a device [e.g., a permanent cathete] will be inserted). Some kits contain the necessary supplies for shaving a particular area; others may contain supplies needed to clean and make the intended area sterile. These kits are typically packaged as single-use, sterile items.
DRESS, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
CAP, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
HOOD, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
Surgical Head Coverings definition: Garments worn on the heads of operating room personnel to prevent hair from contaminating the surgical site. Variations include head and head plus facial hair designs. They are typically disposable and are constructed of paper or fabric.
Decompression, Surgical definition: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
KNIFE, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
SCALPEL, ONE-PIECE definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
scalpel definition: (SKAL-pul) A small, thin knife used for surgery.
Knives, Scalpel definition: Small surgical knives designed to cut or dissect soft tissue. They typically consist of a straight handle and a blade with a sharp convex edge. Scalpels are available either as a solid, integral, reusable or single-use instrument including a blade and a handle or, more frequently, as a reusable handle with a single-use, exchangeable blade that attaches to it. Scalpel knives are used in a variety of surgical procedures, including general, ophthalmic, and emergency surgery.
HEMOSTAT, SURGICAL definition: A dental hand instrument is a hand-held device intended to perform various tasks in general dentistry and oral surgery procedures. The device includes the operative burnisher, operative amalgam carrier, operative dental amalgam carver, surgical bone chisel, operative amalgam and foil condenser, endodontic curette, operative curette, periodontic curette, surgical curette, dental surgical elevator, operative dental excavator, operative explorer surgical bone file, operative margin finishing file, periodontic file, periodontic probe, surgical rongeur forceps, surgical tooth extractor forceps, surgical hemostat, periodontic hoe, operative matrix contouring instrument, operative cutting instrument, operative margin finishing periodontic knife, periodontic marker, operative pliers, endodontic root canal plugger, endodontic root canal preparer, surgical biopsy punch, endodontic pulp canal reamer, crown remover, periodontic scaler, collar and crown scissors, endodontic pulp canal filling material spreader, surgical osteotome chisel, endodontic broach, dental wax carver, endodontic pulp canal file, hand instrument for calculus removal, dental depth gauge instrument, plastic dental filling instrument, dental instrument handle, surgical tissue scissors, mouth mirror, orthodontic band driver, orthodontic band pusher, orthodontic band setter, orthodontic bracket aligner, orthodontic pliers, orthodontic ligature tucking instrument, forceps, for articulation paper, forceps for dental dressing, dental matrix band, matrix retainer, dental retractor, dental retractor accessories, periodontic or endodontic irrigating syringe, and restorative or impression material syringe.
MEDIASTINOSCOPE, SURGICAL definition: A mediastinoscope and accessories is a tubular tapered electrical endoscopic device with any of a group of accessory devices which attach to the mediastinoscope and is intended to examine or treat tissue in the area separating the lungs. The device is inserted transthoracicly and is used in diagnosis of tumors and lesions and to determine whether excision of certain organs or tissues is indicated. It is typically used with a fiberoptic light source and carrier to provide illumination. The device is made of materials such as stainless steel. This generic type of device includes the flexible foreign body claw, flexible biopsy forceps, rigid biopsy curette, flexible biopsy brush, rigid biopsy forceps, and flexible biopsy curette, but excludes the fiberoptic light source and carrier.
CONTRACTOR, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
CUTTER, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
HAMMER, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
RETAINER, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
BIT, SURGICAL definition: Surgical instrument motors and accessories are AC-powered, battery-powered, or air-powered devices intended for use during surgical procedures to provide power to operate various accessories or attachments to cut hard tissue or bone and soft tissue. Accessories or attachments may include a bur, chisel (osteotome), dermabrasion brush, dermatome, drill bit, hammerhead, pin driver, and saw blade.
PLIERS, SURGICAL definition: A manual surgical instrument for general use is a nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated device, either reusable or disposable, intended to be used in various general surgical procedures. The device includes the applicator, clip applier, biopsy brush, manual dermabrasion brush, scrub brush, cannula, ligature carrier, chisel, clamp, contractor, curette, cutter, dissector, elevator, skin graft expander, file, forceps, gouge, instrument guide, needle guide, hammer, hemostat, amputation hook, ligature passing and knot-tying instrument, knife, blood lancet, mallet, disposable or reusable aspiration and injection needle, disposable or reusable suturing needle, osteotome, pliers, rasp, retainer, retractor, saw, scalpel blade, scalpel handle, one-piece scalpel, snare, spatula, stapler, disposable or reusable stripper, stylet, suturing apparatus for the stomach and intestine, measuring tape, and calipers. A surgical instrument that has specialized uses in a specific medical specialty is classified in separate regulations in Parts 868 through 892.
Punches, Surgical definition: Punches designed to excise a segment of tissue (frequently in the form of a disc) from an anatomic structure or from a donor graft during surgical procedures. These punches are typically handheld, manual instruments with a movable, sharp mechanism (e.g., tube, jaw) at the distal end operated by squeezing a ring-shaped, two-part handle. Dedicated surgical punches are available for specific anatomic structures and/or tissue, including bone, skin, blood vessels, ear, nose, and skull.
Saws, Surgical definition: Saws designed to cut hard tissue during surgical (e.g., orthopedic, microsurgery) procedures. These saws are typically handheld, manual instruments with a serrated blade and a handle or, less frequently, tabletop powered devices that drive a reciprocating, oscillating, or sagittal blade. Surgical saws are used mainly to cut bones with minimal damage to the surrounding tissue; dedicated manual surgical saws are available for amputation procedures. Small, thin saws intended for delicate plastic surgery procedures are also available.
surgery definition: branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of injury, deformity, and disease by manual and instrumental means.
surgery definition: (SERJ-uh-ree) A procedure to remove or repair a part of the body or to find out whether disease is present. An operation.
Surgical Procedures, Operative definition: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
Surgical Procedure definition: A diagnostic or treatment procedure performed by manual and/or instrumental means, often involving an incision and the removal or replacement of a diseased organ or tissue; of or relating to or involving or used in surgery or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery.
Laparoscopes, Surgical definition: Laparoscopes designed to perform surgery, including laser and electrosurgery procedures, through their working channels; their diameter typically ranges from 8 to 12 mm. These instruments incorporate prisms or mirrors that transmit reflected light to and from the tissue through one or two bends to the eyepiece, which is offset from the laparoscope shaft so that a surgical instrument can be inserted through a separate instrument channel in the shaft and manipulated freely. Surgical laparoscopes are used with other specialized surgical instruments to perform minimally invasive surgical procedures such as cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder), appendectomy, and hysterectomy.
HELMET, SURGICAL definition: Surgical apparel are devices that are intended to be worn by operating room personnel during surgical procedures to protect both the surgical patient and the operating room personnel from transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. Examples include surgical caps, hoods, masks, gowns, operating room shoes and shoe covers, and isolation masks and gowns. Surgical suits and dresses, commonly known as scrub suits, are excluded.
Surgical Oncology definition: Intervention studies in which surgery is the dominant feature to prevent, diagnose, stage, or treat cancer (except neurosurgery and eye surgery). Includes special devices for dividing or destroying tissues, development and improvement of instruments for detection and diagnosis of tumors where surgery/biopsy is the dominant feature, cytoreductive procedures, intraoperative radiotherapy, surgical treatment of cancer and its complications, surgical supportive care, and plastic reconstructive and rehabilitation surgery.
Non-Surgical definition: Not pertaining to or amenable to surgery.
surgical oncologist definition: A doctor who performs biopsies and other surgical procedures in cancer patients.
Surgical definition: Provision of surgical treatment.
Surgical Fixation Devices definition: Devices used to hold tissue structures together for repair, reconstruction or to close wounds. They may consist of adsorbable or non-adsorbable, natural or synthetic materials. They include tissue adhesives, skin tape, sutures, buttons, staples, clips, screws, etc., each designed to conform to various tissue geometries.
Depressors, Surgical definition: Depressors designed to displace by compression tissue or organs, facilitating the performance of surgical procedures. These depressors are typically handheld, manual reusable instruments in a variety of shapes and sizes that may be held or fixed to the organ or tissue for a long period of time during the surgical procedure. Surgical depressors are used in oral, intracranial, ophthalmic, orthopedic, and other procedures; some depressors may be used also to facilitate the evaluation of organs before surgery.
Carriers, Surgical definition: Carriers designed to hold and transport small pieces of cleaning/absorbing materials and/or suturing filaments during surgical procedures. These carriers are typically slender, manual, handheld instruments with a working end appropriate to carry fabric pads (e.g., cotton, gauze) or suturing ligatures and/or wires. Dedicated surgical carriers are used to absorb body fluids and other liquids during surgical (e.g., endoscopic, microsurgical) procedures.
Brushes, Surgical definition: Brushes designed for use during surgical procedures. These brushes typically include a set of tufts of bristles or other flexible materials at the distal tip and a handle for proper manipulation. Dedicated surgical brushes are used in many different procedures, including cleaning and debridement of bone canals in orthopedic surgery, dermabrasion in plastic and dermatologic surgery, and wiping of the cornea during ophthalmic surgery.
Burs, Surgical definition: Burs designed to be held and rotated by a surgical handpiece (manual, electrical, or pneumatic) to excavate soft and hard tissue during surgical procedures. These burs typically consist of a shank made of steel or tungsten carbide with a well-differentiated working head in a variety of sizes and shapes (e.g., round, cylinder, inverted cone, pear) on the distal end; a tapered, notched, or elongated proximal end to fit into the rotary device; and a neck that connects the shank to the working part. Dedicated surgical burs are available for many different types of procedures, including orthopedic, middle-ear, nasal, oral, ophthalmic, podiatric and plastic surgery. They are usually intended for reuse after sterilization, but disposable (single use) surgical burs are also available.
Chisels, Surgical definition: Chisels designed to cut and shape hard tissue (e.g., bone, cartilage) during surgical procedures. These chisels typically consist of a handheld, manual flat-blade instrument with a cutting edge that is beveled on one side at the distal end and a handle. Dedicated surgical chisels are available in a variety of shapes and sizes according to the procedure to be performed; they are used in orthopedic, plastic, middle-ear, and other surgical procedures.
Curettes, Surgical definition: Curettes designed to scrape and/or remove superficial tissue from an anatomic cavity, surface, or structure during surgical procedures. These curettes typically consist of handheld, manual instruments with a working end that resembles a solid or ring-like spoon with sharp or blunt edges and a handle at the other end; some surgical curettes have working ends at both extremes. Dedicated surgical curettes are available for use in a variety of tissue (e.g., bone, skin, ear, eye), and a variety of procedures (i.e., gynecologic, orthopedic, otolaryngology, ophthalmic, spinal surgery). Some surgical curettes are especially designed for endoscopic use.
Calipers, Surgical definition: Calipers designed to measure the distance between two points during surgical procedures. These instruments are typically handheld, metallic, compasslike instruments with two adjustable, centrally hinged legs and sharp, rigid, either straight, angled or curved tips; the proximal end (i.e., the handle) usually includes a calibrated scale and a screw to adjust the separation of the legs (i.e., Castroviejo calipers). Other surgical calipers include instruments with an L-shaped frame with a linear scale along its longer arm and a second L-shaped sliding arm (i.e., Jameson calipers). Dedicated calipers are available for measuring eye and bone structures during ophthalmic and orthopedic surgery procedures.