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Definition
 
enEnglish
chemical synthesis definition: in vitro (outside the body, tissue, or cell) synthesis of chemical compounds, usually organic, other than drugs; should NOT be used for BIOSYNTHESIS; consider other more specific chemical synthesis terms, such as PEPTIDE CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS or NUCLEIC ACID CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS.
chemical synthesis definition: Used for the chemical preparation of molecules in vitro. For the formation of chemical substances in organisms, living cells, or subcellular fractions, "biosynthesis" is used.
biosynthesis definition: general term for synthesis of chemical compounds by living organisms.
biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances; typically the energy-requiring part of metabolism in which simpler substances are transformed into more complex ones. [GOC:curators, ISBN:0198547684]
Biosynthesis definition: Formation of a chemical compound by enzymes, either in the organism (in vivo) or by fragments or extracts of cells (in vitro).
carbohydrate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of carbohydrates, any of a group of organic compounds based of the general formula Cx(H2O)y. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
carbohydrate biosynthesis definition: anabolic formation of carbohydrates in organisms, living cells, or by subcellular fractions.
cholesterol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cholesterol, cholest-5-en-3 beta-ol, the principal sterol of vertebrates and the precursor of many steroids, including bile acids and steroid hormones. [GOC:ai]
acetylcholine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetylcholine, the acetic acid ester of the organic base choline. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0192800752]
antibiotic biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an antibiotic, a substance produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. [GOC:go_curators]
bacteriocin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a bacteriocin, any of a heterogeneous group of polypeptide antibiotics that are secreted by certain bacterial strains and are able to kill cells of other susceptible (frequently related) strains after adsorption at specific receptors on the cell surface. They include the colicins, and their mechanisms of action vary. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
aflatoxin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aflatoxin, a fungal metabolite found as a contaminant in moldy grains that induces liver cancer. Aflatoxin induces a G to T transversion at codon 249 of p53, leading to its inactivation. Aflatoxin is converted to a chemical carcinogen by P450. [ISBN:0716731363, ISBN:0815316194]
chemokine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of chemokines, any of a subgroup of cytokines which act primarily on hemopoietic cells in acute and inflammatory processes and other immunoregulatory functions. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate, a natural product found in plant tissues. It is a key intermediate in the biosynthesis of ethylene (ethene), a fruit-ripening hormone in plants. [GOC:go_curators]
1,3-dichloro-2-propanol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (DCP), a halohydrin suspected of being carcinogenic, mutagenic and genotoxic. [GOC:ai]
alcohol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alcohols, any of a class of compounds containing one or more hydroxyl groups attached to a saturated carbon atom. [ChEBI:30879, GOC:ai]
catechol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of catechol, a compound containing a pyrocatechol nucleus or substituent. [GOC:go_curators]
allose biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of allose, allo-hexose, an aldohexose similar to glucose, differing only in the configuration of the hydroxyl group of C-3. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
arabinose biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arabinose, arabino-pentose. [GOC:ai]
alditol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alditols, any polyhydric alcohol derived from the acyclic form of a monosaccharide by reduction of its aldehyde or keto group to an alcoholic group. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
catecholamine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any of a group of physiologically important biogenic amines that possess a catechol (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) nucleus and are derivatives of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
acetaldehyde biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetaldehyde, a colorless, flammable liquid intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. [GOC:ai]
aldehyde biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aldehydes, any organic compound with the formula R-CH=O. [GOC:ai]
4-hydroxyproline biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-hydroxyproline, C5H9NO3, a derivative of the amino acid proline. [GOC:ai]
allantoin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of allantoin, (2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl)urea. [GOC:go_curators]
amine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any organic compound that is weakly basic in character and contains an amino or a substituted amino group. Amines are called primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether one, two, or three carbon atoms are attached to the nitrogen atom. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
chorismate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the unsymmetrical ether derived from phosphoenolpyruvate and 5-phosphoshikimic acid formed as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids and many other compounds. [GOC:sm, ISBN:0198547684]
asparagine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of asparagine, 2-amino-3-carbamoylpropanoic acid. [GOC:go_curators]
aspartate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aspartate, the anion derived from aspartic acid, 2-aminobutanedioic acid. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
aerobactin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aerobactin (C22H36N4O13), a hydroxamate iron transport compound. It is a conjugate of 6-(N-acetyl-N-hydroxylamine)-2-aminohexanoic acid and citric acid. [GOC:ai]
arginine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of arginine, 2-amino-5-(carbamimidamido)pentanoic acid. [ChEBI:29016, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
alanine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alanine, 2-aminopropanoic acid. [GOC:go_curators]
betaine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of any betaine, the N-trimethyl derivative of an amino acid. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
carnitine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of carnitine (hydroxy-trimethyl aminobutyric acid), a compound that participates in the transfer of acyl groups across the inner mitochondrial membrane. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
choline biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of choline (2-hydroxyethyltrimethylammonium), an amino alcohol that occurs widely in living organisms as a constituent of certain types of phospholipids and in the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0192801023]
citrulline biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of citrulline, N5-carbamoyl-L-ornithine, an alpha amino acid not found in proteins. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
aminoglycan biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of aminoglycans, any polymer containing amino groups that consists of more than about 10 monosaccharide residues joined to each other by glycosidic linkages. [GOC:ai, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
chalcone biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of chalcone, phenyl steryl ketone or its hydroxylated derivatives. [GOC:go_curators]
anthocyanin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of anthocyanins, any member of a group of intensely colored soluble glycosides of anthocyanidins. [GOC:ai]
10-formyltetrahydrofolate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate, the formylated derivative of tetrahydrofolate. [GOC:ai]
adenine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of adenine, 6-aminopurine, one of the five main bases found in nucleic acids and a component of numerous important derivatives of its corresponding ribonucleoside, adenosine. [GOC:go_curators]
5-methylcytosine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 5-methylcytosine, a methylated base of DNA. [GOC:go_curators]
alkaloid biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alkaloids, nitrogen-containing natural products which are not otherwise classified as nonprotein amino acids, amines, peptides, amines, cyanogenic glycosides, glucosinolates, cofactors, phytohormones, or primary metabolite (such as purine or pyrimidine bases). [EC:1.1.1.51, GOC:lr, ISBN:0122146743]
alkanesulfonate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of alkanesulfonates, the anion of alkanesulfonic acids, sulfonic acid derivatives containing an aliphatic hydrocarbon moiety. [GOC:ai]
chitin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of chitin, a linear polysaccharide consisting of P-1,4-linked N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
cellulose biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cellulose, a linear beta1-4 glucan of molecular mass 50-400 kDa with the pyranose units in the -4C1 conformation. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
coenzyme biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzymes, any of various nonprotein organic cofactors that are required, in addition to an enzyme and a substrate, for an enzymatic reaction to proceed. [GOC:ai]
ATP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ATP, adenosine 5'-triphosphate, a universally important coenzyme and enzyme regulator. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
coenzyme A biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of coenzyme A, 3'-phosphoadenosine-(5')diphospho(4')pantatheine, an acyl carrier in many acylation and acyl-transfer reactions in which the intermediate is a thiol ester. [ISBN:0198547684]
chlorophyll biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of chlorophyll, any compound of magnesium complexed in a porphyrin (tetrapyrrole) ring and which functions as a photosynthetic pigment, from less complex precursors. [GOC:jl]
bacteriochlorophyll biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of a bacteriochlorophyll, any of the chlorophylls of photosynthetic bacteria. They differ structurally from the chlorophylls of higher plants. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
cobalamin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cobalamin (vitamin B12), a water-soluble vitamin characterized by possession of a corrin nucleus containing a cobalt atom. [GOC:jl, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
androgen biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of androgens, C19 steroid hormones that can stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
auxin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of auxins, plant hormones that regulate aspects of plant growth. [GOC:lm, GOC:lr, ISBN:0122146743]
(+)-camphor biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of (+)-camphor, a bicyclic monoterpene ketone. [GOC:ai]
acetoin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetoin, 3-hydroxy-2-butanone. [GOC:mlg]
acylglycerol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acylglycerol, any mono-, di- or triester of glycerol with (one or more) fatty acids. [GOC:ai]
carotenoid biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of carotenoids, tetraterpenoid compounds in which two units of 4 isoprenoid residues joined head-to-tail are themselves joined tail-to-tail. [GOC:go_curators]
carotene biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of carotenes, hydrocarbon carotenoids. [GOC:go_curators]
ceramide biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ceramides, any N-acylated sphingoid. [GOC:ai]
brassinosteroid biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of brassinosteroids, any of a group of steroid derivatives that occur at very low concentrations in plant tissues and may have hormone-like effects. [ISBN:0192801023]
CD4 biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CD4, a CD marker that occurs on T-helper cells and is involved in MHC class II restricted interactions. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
adenosine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of adenosine, adenine riboside, a ribonucleoside found widely distributed in cells of every type as the free nucleoside and in combination in nucleic acids and various nucleoside coenzymes. [GOC:go_curators]
7-methylguanosine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 7-methylguanosine, a modified nucleoside that forms a cap at the 5'-terminus of eukaryotic mRNA. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
cAMP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the nucleotide cAMP (cyclic AMP, adenosine 3',5'-cyclophosphate). [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
cGMP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cyclic GMP, guanosine 3',5'-phosphate. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
ADP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ADP, adenosine 5'-diphosphate. [GOC:ai]
CDP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CDP, cytidine (5'-)diphosphate. [GOC:ai]
AMP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of AMP, adenosine monophosphate. [GOC:go_curators, ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
CMP biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of CMP, cytidine monophosphate. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
acetate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetate, the anion of acetic acid. [GOC:go_curators]
butyrate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of butyrate, the anion of butyric acid. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
2-oxobutyrate biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 2-oxobutyrate, the anion of the organic acid 2-oxobutyric acid, which contains a ketone group on carbon 2. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
biotin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of biotin, cis-tetrahydro-2-oxothieno(3,4-d)imidazoline-4-valeric acid. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 1-methyl-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene. [GOC:ai]
2,4-dichlorobenzoate synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 2,4-dichlorobenzoate, a chlorinated aromatic compound which is a key intermediate in the aerobic degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). [GOC:ai]
2-aminobenzenesulfonate synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 2-aminobenzenesulfonate, an aromatic sulfonate used in organic synthesis and in the manufacture of various dyes and medicines. [GOC:ai]
2-nitropropane synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 2-nitropropane, a clear, colorless liquid with a mild, fruity odor. [GOC:ai]
3-hydroxyphenylacetate synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 3-hydroxyphenylacetate, 1,3-benzenediol monoacetate, also known as resorcinol monoacetate. [http://chemfinder.cambridgesoft.com/]
4-nitrophenol synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrophenol, a nitroaromatic compound which is used in the production of dyes, leather treatment agents, fungicides and as an intermediate in the production of the insecticide parathion. [GOC:ai]
4-nitrotoluene synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-nitrotoluene, 1-methyl-4-nitrobenzene. [GOC:ai]
4-toluenecarboxylate synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-toluenecarboxylate, 4-methylbenzenecarboxylate, the anion of carboxylic acid attached to a methylbenzene molecule. [GOC:ai]
6-hydroxycineole synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 6-hydroxycineole (6-hydroxy-1,8-epoxy-p-menthane), a hydrocarbon with the formula C10H18O2. [GOC:ai]
carbazole synthesis definition: OBSOLETE. The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of carbazole, a heterocyclic aromatic compound containing a dibenzopyrrole system that is produced during coal gasification and is present in cigarette smoke. Coal tar produced at high temperature contains an average of 1.5% carbazole. It is used widely in synthesis of dyes, pharmaceuticals, and plastics and is a suspected carcinogen. [GOC:ai]
camalexin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of camalexin, an indole phytoalexin. [GOC:pz]
cocaine biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of cocaine, an alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of the shrub Erythroxylon coca. It is a cerebral stimulant and narcotic. [GOC:ai]
achromobactin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of achromobactin, a citrate siderophore. [GOC:jl, PMID:10928541]
chrysobactin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of the siderophore chrysobactin (alpha-N-(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-D-lysyl-L-serine). [GOC:jl, PMID:8837459]
4-amino-3-isothiazolidinone biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of 4-amino-3-isothiazolinone, five-membered saturated heterocyclic ring structures containing a sulfur and a nitrogen in the 1-position and 2-positions respectively. [GOC:jic]
amylopectin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of amylopectin, the (1,4) linked alpha glucose units with alpha-(1,6) linkages. [ISBN:0943088399]
biopolymer biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of biopolymers, long, repeating chains of monomers found in nature e.g. polysaccharides and proteins. [GOC:jl, Wikipedia:Biopolymer]
apocarotenoid biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of apocarotenoids by the oxidative cleavage of carotenoids. Many apocarotenoids are biologically important e.g. retinal and abscisic acid. [GOC:jl, http://www.msu.edu/~schwart1/apocarotenoids.htm]
cellular biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of substances, carried out by individual cells. [GOC:jl]
alkene biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an alkene, any cyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbon having one carbon-carbon double bond and the general formula CnH2n. [ChEBI:32878, GOC:jl, Wikipedia:Alkene]
alkane biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an alkane, any acyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbon having the general formula CnH2n+2. [ChEBI:18310, GOC:jl, Wikipedia:Alkane]
alkyne biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of an alkyne, any cyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbon having a carbon-carbon triple bond and the general formula CnH2n-2. [ChEBI:22339, GOC:jl, Wikipedia:Alkyne]
acetone biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of acetone, propan-2-one. [GOC:jl]
Synthesis definition: The process of producing a chemical compound, usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds.
ansamycin biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of ansamycins, any of a group of complex macrolactam compounds characterized by a cyclic structure in which an aliphatic ansa chain forms a bridge between two non-adjacent positions of a cyclic p-system; many exhibit antibacterial, antifungal or antitumor activity. [GOC:mah, http://ww2.icho.edu.pl/cednets/rydzyna/meyer.htm]
chlorophyll a biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways leading to the formation of chlorophyll a. [ChEBI:18230, GOC:mah]
apiose biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of apiose, the branched tetrose 3-C-(hydroxymethyl)-D-glycero-tetrose. [ChEBI:16689, GOC:mah]
ajugose biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of ajugose, the hexasaccharide beta-D-fructofuranosyl alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside. [GOC:mah, MetaCyc:CPD-8066]
butanediol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of butanediol; the biologically relevant isomer is 2,3-butanediol, CH3CH(OH)CH(OH)CH3. [GOC:mah, ISBN:0911910123, MetaCyc:125-PWY, MetaCyc:BUTANEDIOL]
synthesis definition: Synthèse.
 
 
deGerman
Synthese definition: [1] Chemie: der Aufbau einer komplizierten chemischen Verbindung aus einfachen Bestandteilen [2] Philosophie: Verbindung zweier gegensätzlicher Begriffe oder Aussagen (These und Antithese) zu einer höheren Einheit [3] Philosophie: die so gewonnene Einheit selber [4] Aufbau, Verbindung von Teilen zu einem Ganzen
 
frFrench
synthèse definition: Recomposition des éléments d’un tout, en particulier, de la thèse et de l'antithèse.
synthèse definition: Action de composer un corps avec ses éléments.
synthèse definition: Opération par laquelle on réunit des parties d’une plaie, des fragments d’os fracturé.
synthèse definition: Méthode de composition qui descend des principes aux conséquences, des causes aux effets.
synthèse definition: Exposé succinct, généralisation.