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alternative medicine definition: diagnostic or therapeutic technique which is presently outside the field of conventional medical practice; for use as a 'tag' term index at 'T' emphasis level.
Art Therapy definition: The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
Art Therapy definition: A therapeutic technique in which art is used to express and explore emotions and to help address or heal emotional problems or traumas.
Aversive Therapy definition: A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.
Behavior Therapy definition: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
behavior modification definition: specific techniques which use classical or operant conditioning, or perceptual learning, to change behavior, especially to extinguish socially undesirable behavior, attitudes, or phobias.
behavior therapy definition: therapeutic approach in which the focus is on the patient's observable behavior, rather than on conflicts and unconscious processes presumed to underlie his maladaptive behavior; accomplished through systematic manipulation of the environmental and behavioral variables related to the specific behavior to be modified; operant conditioning, systematic desensitization, token economy, aversive control, flooding, and implosion are examples of techniques that may be used in behavior therapy.
behavior modification definition: Activities that change habits, conduct, or patterns of action.
Behavioral Intervention definition: The use of operant conditioning, including rewards and punishments, in helping a person create an atmosphere where he or she does not contribute to painful stimuli.
Biological Therapy definition: Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.
biotherapy definition: (by-o-LAHJ-i-kul...)Treatment to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight infections and other diseases. Also used to lessen side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments.
Biological Therapy definition: A form of treatment that implies the administration of substances which produce a biological reaction in the organism thus enhancing or restoring the host immune response, modifying the behavior of cancer cells, blocking the pathways of cell neoplastic transformation and tumor ability to metastasize, or facilitating the repair of cells damaged by aggressive forms of cancer treatment. It includes the use of sera, antitoxins, vaccines, genes, cells, tissues, and organs.
Chelation Therapy definition: Therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.
chelation therapy definition: therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.
Chiropractic definition: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease. The spine is analyzed by X-rays and palpation, and vertebrae are adjusted manually to relieve pressures on the spinal cord. OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE was originally similar but has become more like FAMILY PRACTICE.
chiropractic definition: occupational discipline based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease; the spine is analyzed by X-rays and palpation, and vertebrae are adjusted manually to relieve pressures on the spinal cord.
Chiropractic Therapy definition: An alternative medical system that focuses on the relationship between bodily structure (primarily that of the spine) and function, and how that relationship affects the preservation and restoration of health. Chiropractors use manipulative therapy as an integral treatment tool.
Cognitive Therapy definition: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
cognitive behavior therapy definition: involves identifying and changing specific cognitive processes as they relate to problems of emotions and behavior; based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior; directed toward learning through practice of specific skills which have direct relevance to the present problem.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy definition: A type of psychotherapy utilized to treat different forms of mental disorders.The treatment involves the identification of unhelpful or destructive patterns of thinking and behaviors and the subsequent replacement with behaviors that are beneficial and constructive.
Collapse Therapy definition: Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4)
Combined Modality Therapy definition: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
combination therapy definition: simultaneous or sequential treatment of a disease or condition using more than one means, such as by any combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or surgery.
multimodality treatment definition: Therapy that combines more than one method of treatment.
Multimodality Therapy definition: Use of two or more simultaneous or consecutive treatment modalities; e.g., surgery + radiation, or radiation + immunotherapy. Does not refer to use of two or more chemotherapeutic agents.
Convulsive Therapy definition: Convulsions induced in order to treat MENTAL DISORDERS. It is used primarily in the treatment of severe affective disorders and SCHIZOPHRENIA.
Crisis Intervention definition: Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
Crisis Therapy definition: Actions performed to sustain a person dealing with a condition, event, or radical change in status.
Cryotherapy definition: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
cryotherapy definition: form of therapy consisting of the local or general use of cold.
cryotherapy definition: Any method that uses cold temperature to treat disease.
Cryotherapy definition: The therapeutic use of cold or refrigeration in medicine.
Therapeutic Cold definition: The application of cold to appropriate painful areas to reduce inflammation immediately after an injury.
Dance Therapy definition: The use of dancing for therapeutic purposes.
dialysis definition: (dye-AL-ih-sis) The process of cleansing the blood when the kidneys are not able to filter the blood.
dialysis therapy definition: dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity or kidneys as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
Diet Therapy definition: By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).
diet therapy definition: nutrients in the form of supplements or replacements are added or are used in place of other dietary constituents; also applies when a particular diet is used in the prevention and/or treatment of a disease including nutritional or non-nutritional disorders.
dietary management definition: Nourishment with balanced food and fluids that sustain life, provide energy, and promote growth and health.
diet therapy definition: Used with disease headings for dietary and nutritional management of the disease. The concept does not include vitamin or mineral supplements, for which "drug therapy" may be used.
Gene Therapy definition: The introduction of new genes into cells for the purpose of treating disease by restoring or adding gene expression. Techniques include insertion of retroviral vectors, transfection, homologous recombination, and injection of new genes into the nuclei of single cell embryos. The entire gene therapy process may consist of multiple steps. The new genes may be introduced into proliferating cells in vivo (e.g., bone marrow) or in vitro (e.g., fibroblast cultures) and the modified cells transferred to the site where the gene expression is required. Gene therapy may be particularly useful for treating enzyme deficiency diseases, hemoglobinopathies, and leukemias and may also prove useful in restoring drug sensitivity, particularly for leukemia.
gene therapy definition: introduction of functioning gene or genes into cells for the purpose of correcting an inborn genetic error, treating a disease by restoring or adding gene expression, or providing a new function to the cell; new genes may be introduced into proliferating cells in vivo (e.g., bone marrow) or in vitro (e.g., fibroblast cultures) and the modified cells transferred to the site where the gene expression is required.
gene therapy definition: Treatment that alters a gene. In studies of gene therapy for cancer, researchers are trying to improve the body's natural ability to fight the disease or to make the cancer cells more sensitive to other kinds of therapy.
Gene Therapy definition: Application of genetic material (usually DNA) into cells in order to permanently correct an inherited disease or an acquired disease such as cancer. The genetic material as 'naked' DNA can be delivered into the cells alone or can be delivered into cells by different types of vectors such as viruses which may contain DNA or RNA. Gene therapy techniques attempt to replace a faulty/missing gene associated with a particular disease, mediate localized delivery of a protein producing specified therapeutic effects, or introduce new cellular functions. Gene therapies are designed to deliver genetic material into somatic cells and not germ cells, so that only cells of patients and not those of their offspring contain and express the genetic material delivered. (NCI04)
Immunosuppression definition: Deliberate prevention or diminution of the host's immune response. It may be nonspecific as in the administration of immunosuppressive agents (drugs or radiation) or by lymphocyte depletion or may be specific as in desensitization or the simultaneous administration of antigen and immunosuppressive drugs.
artificial immunosuppression definition: deliberate suppression of immune system function for experimental or therapeutic purposes.
immunosuppressive therapy definition: Therapy used to decrease the body's immune response, such as drugs given to prevent transplant rejection.
immunosuppressive therapy definition: Suppression of the body's immune system and its ability to fight infections or disease. Immunosuppression may be deliberately induced with drugs, as in preparation for bone marrow or other organ transplantation to prevent rejection of the donor tissue. It may also result from certain diseases such as AIDS or lymphoma or from anticancer drugs.
Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive definition: Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.
Psychotherapy, Multiple definition: The use of more than one therapist at one time in individual or group psychotherapy.
therapy definition: Used with diseases for therapeutic interventions except drug therapy, diet therapy, radiotherapy, and surgery, for which specific subheadings exist. The concept is also used for articles and books dealing with multiple therapies.
Color Therapy definition: A form of phototherapy using color to influence health and to treat various physical or mental disorders. The color rays may be in the visible or invisible spectrum and can be administered through colored lights or applied mentally through suggestion.
therapy definition: broad term with many narrower terms that can apply more specifically to most projects; it should be used ONLY when specific narrower therapy terms do not apply, e.g., if a project is dealing with drugs in therapy, do not index drugs and therapy, index instead the particular drugs plus chemotherapy or the specific type of chemotherapy.
TREATMENT definition: A type of study protocol designed to evaluate intervention(s) for treatment of disease, syndrome or condition.
Therapeutic Procedure definition: An action or administration of therapeutic agents to produce an effect that is intended to alter or stop a pathologic process.
Treatment Study definition: A type of study protocol designed to evaluate intervention(s) for disease treatment.
steroid therapy definition: Treatment with corticosteroid drugs to reduce swelling, pain, and other symptoms of inflammation.
Ambulation Therapy definition: Actions performed to promote walking.
Phytotherapy definition: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Botanical Therapy definition: Therapy based on plant-derived preparations which include the following: Individual herbs - Ginkgo biloba, Hypericum, Garlic, Ginseng, Echinacea, Saw palmetto, Urtica diocia (nettle), Kava kava, Hawthorne, Witch Hazel, Bilberry, Ginger, Aloe vera, Capsicum, Feverfew, Green tea, Tee Tree oil, Licorice root, Yohimbe, Valerian, Bee Pollen, Cat's Claw, Evening Primrose, Dong Quai, Fenugreek, Marshmallow, Psyllium, Turmeric. Combinations include: Padma 28, Hoxey, Essiac, Saw palmetto, Pygeum africanum.
antiandrogen therapy definition: Treatment with drugs used to block production or interfere with the action of male sex hormones.
Antiandrogen Therapy definition: A therapeutic regimen that utilizes pharmaceuticals to reduce serum levels of male sex hormones.
Androgen Therapy definition: Administration of male hormones to produce a clinical effect.
Anticachectic Therapy definition: Treatment to manage or alleviate the fatigue and weight loss often associated with cancer.
Antiviral Therapy definition: Treatment of viral infections with agents that prevent viral replication in infected cells without impairing the host cell function.
Antiprogesterone Therapy definition: Drug treatment to block the action of the female hormone progesterone.
Antiprolactin Therapy definition: Drug treatment to block the action of the female hormone prolactin.
antibody therapy definition: Treatment with an antibody, a substance that can directly kill specific tumor cells or stimulate the immune system to kill tumor cells.
Antibody Therapy definition: Treatment with injections of antibodies to directly destroy specific, usually cancerous, cells or to stimulate the immune system to destroy those cells.
Anti-Cytokine Therapy definition: Drug treatment to reduce the activity of cytokines, particulary to control inflammation in disease modalities.
antiangiogenesis definition: Prevention of the growth of new blood vessels.
Antiangiogenesis Therapy definition: A therapeutic regimen that uses synthetic compounds or natural substances to prevent the development of new blood vessels.
Differentiation Therapy definition: Drug therapy aimed at forcing cancer cells to resume the process of maturation and therefore to induce tumor to a more differentiated, less aggressive state. Differentiation therapy restrains cancer cells growth and facilitates the application of more conventional therapies.
Acupressure definition: A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.
acupressure definition: The application of pressure or localized massage to specific sites on the body to control symptoms such as pain or nausea. Also used to stop bleeding.
Acupressure Therapy definition: The application of non-invasive finger pressure along energy points throughout the body in order to relieve pain and induce a feeling of well-being.
Couples Therapy definition: Psychotherapy used specifically for unmarried couples, of mixed or same sex. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Antibiotic Therapy definition: Treatment of bacterial infections with antibiotics.
Aromatherapy definition: The use of fragrances and essences from plants to affect or alter a person's mood or behavior and to facilitate physical, mental, and emotional well-being. The chemicals comprising essential oils in plants has a host of therapeutic properties and has been used historically in Africa, Asia, and India. Its greatest application is in the field of alternative medicine. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; from Dr. Atiba Vheir, Dove Center, Washington, D.C.)
Acupuncture Therapy definition: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.
Acupuncture Therapy definition: The practice of piercing specific points on the body with very thin sterile needles in order to relieve pain or induce regional anesthesia.
acupuncture definition: The technique of inserting thin needles through the skin at specific points on the body to control pain and other symptoms.
Cellular Therapy definition: Utilization of specific cells modified or not for treatment of diseases. Donor lymphocyte infusion is a type of cellular therapy.
Anticonvulsant Therapy definition: Drug treatment to prevent, stop, or reduce the severity of seizures or convulsions, commonly used in cases of epilepsy or other seizure disorders.
Ablation Therapy definition: Removal, separation, detachment, extirpation, or eradication of a body part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, morbid process, or noxious substance.
desensitization psychotherapy definition: treatment of phobias and related disorders by intentionally exposing the patient, in imagination or real life, to emotionally distressing stimuli.
Desensitization, Psychologic definition: A behavior therapy technique in which deep muscle relaxation is used to inhibit the effects of graded anxiety-evoking stimuli.
AIDS therapy definition: therapies used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection; includes drug therapies used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS; may also include counseling.
burn therapy definition: treatment of injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals, electricity, etc.
Radiotherapy, Conformal definition: Radiotherapy where there is improved dose homogeneity within the tumor and reduced dosage to uninvolved structures. The precise shaping of dose distribution is achieved via the use of computer-controlled multileaf collimators.
3-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy definition: A process by which a dose of radiation is automatically shaped to closely conform to the entire volume of the tumor, so that surrounding normal tissue is spared and treatment toxicity is decreased.
adjuvant therapy definition: (AD-joo-vant) Treatment given after the primary treatment to increase the chances of a cure. Adjuvant therapy may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or biological therapy.
Adjuvant Therapy definition: Any therapy that is administered to augment or stimulate other treatment modalities or to minimize or prevent disease recurrence subsequent to the main treatment plan.
cytotoxic chemotherapy definition: Anticancer drugs that kill cells, especially cancer cells.
Antifungal Therapy definition: Drug treatment to destroy or inhibit the growth or multiplication of fungi.
Anticoagulation Therapy definition: Drug treatment to thin the blood in order to prevent or reduce blood clot formation.
Antiestrogen Therapy definition: Drug treatment to block the action of the female hormone estrogen.
arthritis therapy definition: treatment of all arthritic diseases; may be any type of therapy including drug therapy, gene therapy, immunotherapy, surgery, nutrition, rehabilitation or alternative therapies.
Cancer Therapeutic Procedure definition: Any intervention for management of a malignant neoplasm.
Antisense Therapy definition: Treatment using nucleic acid oligomers to bind to specific mRNA to deter protein production and alter disease process.
Therapy Object definition: Pre-clinical trials experiment conducted on the animal model with the goal to reduce cancer burden.
Biofield Therapy definition: A form of therapy that involves systems using "subtle energy" fields in and around the body for medical/therapeutic purposes. Examples include Therapeutic Touch, Reiki, Huna, laying-on-of-hands, external Qi-Gong, Healing Science, Healing touch, Natural healing, Specific Human Energy Nexus (SHEN), and Bio-Relaxation.
consolidation therapy definition: Chemotherapy treatments given after induction chemotherapy to further reduce the number of cancer cells.
acustimulation definition: Mild electrical stimulation of acupuncture points to control symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Acustimulation Therapy definition: Use of a low intensity electrical current to provide mild stimulation of the body's acupuncture points in order to control symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Developmental Therapeutics Program definition: As the drug discovery and development arm of the National Cancer Institute, the Developmental Therapeutics Program (DTP) plans, conducts, and facilitates development of therapeutic agents for cancer and AIDS. They are a resource for research materials, including Web-accessible data and tools, vialed and plated compounds, tumor cells, animals, and Investigational New Drug (IND)-directed studies. (DTP web site)
continuing therapy definition: Indicates that the decision to substitute or to not substitute was driven by a desire to maintain consistency with a pre-existing therapy. I.e. The performer provided the same item/service as had been previously provided rather than providing exactly what was ordered, or rather than substituting with a lower-cost equivalent.
Bacteriolytic Therapy definition: Therapy that uses anaerobic bacterium, particularly Clostridium novyi-NT, to kill cancer cells within the hypoxic regions of tumors.
Antineoplastons Therapy definition: A complimentary/alternative cancer therapy that uses antineoplastons to protect the body from disease.
Antioxidants Therapy definition: Treatment with antioxidants in order to protect cells against damage caused by oxygen-free radicals.
Climatotherapy definition: Therapy by finding a better CLIMATE for health.
Tositumomab and Iodine I 131 Tositumomab definition: A murine IgG2a lambda monoclonal antibody, both unradiolabeled and radiolabeled with iodine I 131, directed against the human B cell-specific surface antigen CD20. Tositumomab binds to CD20, resulting in complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), and apoptosis in B cells expressing CD20; in addition to the antibody-mediated cytotoxicity, iodine I 131 tositumomab delivers cytotoxic ionizing radiation specifically to CD20-expressing B cells. In a two-step therapeutic regimen, a predose of unradiolabeled is administered first followed by the administration of a dosimetric dose of iodine I 131 tositumomab; 7-14 days later, a therapeutic dose of iodine I 131 tositumomab is administered. The predose of unradiolabeled tositumomab binds to nontumor B cells, increasing the terminal half-life of radiolabeled antibody while protecting nontumor B cells from radiolabeled antibody-mediated radiocytotoxicity.
therapy definition: [1] die Therapie
therapies definition: Plural des Substantivs
therapy definition: Thérapie.
Kunsttherapie definition: [1] Therapie mit bildnerischen Medien
art-thérapie definition: Thérapie qui utilise la création artistique pour permettre au patient d'exprimer ses symptômes, ses pulsions, ses névroses.
thérapie definition: Traitement pour guérir une personne malade.
thérapie definition: ''(Par aphérèse)'' Psychothérapie.