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Bengal tiger Panthera tigris tigris the National Animal of India, is an endangered species.

Jyotsna Bhagavatula et al.

BMC Genetics 7 (7), 17 Oct 2006

Background The Bengal tiger or Panthera tigris tigris , the National Animal of India, is an endangered animal.

Jyotsna Bhagavatula et al.

BMC Genetics 7 (7), 17 Oct 2006

Mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences of the Bengal tiger, Panthera tigris tigris [GenBank: AF053019 – AF053025 ], its sympatric carnivore leopard, Panthera pardus [GenBank: AY005809 ] and some of the animals preyed upon by tiger namely sambhar Cervus unicolor [GenBank: AF423201 ], barking deer Muntiacus muntjac [GenBank: AY225986 ], wild pig Sus scrofa [GenBank: AY237529 ], hog deer Axis porcinus [GenBank: AY035874 ], Indian bison Bos gaurus [GenBank: AF348593 ], spotted deer Cervus axis [GenBank: AY182236 ], domestic goat Capra hircus [GenBank: AB110595 ], domestic buffalo Bubalis bubalus [GenBank: D82894 ] were downloaded.

Jyotsna Bhagavatula et al.

BMC Genetics 7 (7), 17 Oct 2006

TIF: 5'-ATAAAAAATCAGGAATGGTG-3' TIR: 5'-TGGCGGGGATGTAGTTATCA-3' Initially these primers were tested by in silico PCR on GenBank sequences with the Amplify 1.2 software (Engels B, Department of Genetics, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI 5706) following which they were PCR amplified with DNA samples of some animals namely, Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris tigris ), Siberian tiger ( P.t.altica ), leopard ( P. pardus ), lion ( P. leo ), clouded leopard ( Neofelis nebulosa ), domestic dog ( Canis familiaris ), wild dog ( Cuon alpinus ), wolf ( Canis lupus ), jackal ( Canis aureus ), goat ( Capra hircus ), wild pig ( Sus scrofa ), Indian bison ( Bos gaurus ), Spotted Deer ( Cervus axis ), Sambar ( C. unicolor ) and human ( Homo sapiens ).

Jyotsna Bhagavatula et al.

BMC Genetics 7 (7), 17 Oct 2006

Population genetic structure would suggest recognition of six taxonomic units or subspecies: (1) Amur tiger P. t. altaica; (2) northern Indochinese tiger P. t. corbetti; (3) South China tiger P. t. amoyensis; (4) Malayan tiger P. t. jacksoni , named for the tiger conservationist Peter Jackson; (5) Sumatran tiger P. t. sumatrae; and (6) Bengal tiger P. t. tigris .

Shu-Jin Luo et al.

PLoS Biology 2 (12), 01 Dec 2004

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