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Definition
 
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Sodium Chloride definition: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food. It plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. The OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION this and other SALTS accounts for SALINITY which influences the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
sodium chloride definition: NaCl; plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues; for the sodium salt that is commonly used to season food use DIETARY SODIUM.
Sodium Chloride definition: A metal halide composed of sodium and chloride with sodium and chloride replacement capabilities. When depleted in the body, sodium must be replaced in order to maintain intracellular osmolarity, nerve conduction, muscle contraction and normal renal function.
Sodium-Potassium-Chloride Symporters definition: A subclass of symporters that specifically transport SODIUM CHLORIDE and POTASSIUM CHLORIDE across cellular membranes in a tightly coupled process.
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors definition: Agents that inhibit SODIUM CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS. They act as DIURETICS. Excess use is associated with HYPOKALEMIA.
 
Examples
 

We conducted reversed deliquescence experiments in saturated NaCl–NaNO 3 –H 2 O, KNO 3 –NaNO 3 –H 2 O, and NaCl–KNO 3 –H 2 O systems from 90 to 120°C as a function of relative humidity and solution composition.

Susan Carroll et al.

Geochemical Transactions 6 (2), 11 4월 2005

NaCl, NaNO 3 , and KNO 3 represent members of dust salt assemblages that are likely to deliquesce and form concentrated brines on high-level radioactive waste package surfaces in a repository environment at Yucca Mountain, NV.

Susan Carroll et al.

Geochemical Transactions 6 (2), 11 4월 2005

The modeling results predict that mixtures of NaCl, KNO 3 , and/or NaNO 3 are the most prevalent mineral assemblages, and that inclusion of KNO 3 (s) lowers the deliquescence relative humidity from values near 70% at 25°C to values as low as 20% at 160°C.

Susan Carroll et al.

Geochemical Transactions 6 (2), 11 4월 2005

In this paper we compare model predictions and experimental results of relative humidity and solution compositions for saturated NaCl–NaNO 3 –H 2 O, KNO 3 –NaNO 3 –H 2 O, and NaCl–KNO 3 –H 2 O systems from 90 to 120°C.

Susan Carroll et al.

Geochemical Transactions 6 (2), 11 4월 2005

If we use halite (NaCl) as an example, then the solubility product, K NaCl , at a given temperature is dependent on the Na + and Cl - concentrations and activity coefficients according to the mass balance reaction:

Susan Carroll et al.

Geochemical Transactions 6 (2), 11 4월 2005

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