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Definition
 
enEnglish
Airway Obstruction definition: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Airway Resistance definition: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive definition: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease definition: chronic, irreversible obstruction of air flow from the lungs.
Nasal Obstruction definition: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
Airway Clearance Impairment definition: Inability to clear secretions/obstructions in airway.
AIRWAY, OROPHARYNGEAL, ANESTHESIOLOGY definition: An oropharyngeal airway is a device inserted into a patient's pharynx through the mouth to provide a patent airway.
Laryngeal Masks definition: A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
Detectors, Airway Flow definition: Detectors designed to magnify the sound of patient respiration by generating a whistle sound. These detectors fit over the proximal end of the tracheal or nasotracheal tube and accentuate the sound of air movement, enabling the operator to easily localize the point of maximal air movement just above the cords. After intubation, the detector helps confirm proper positioning as the whistle is auscultated during both inspiration and expiration. Respiratory rate, depth and inspiratory-expiratory forces can be ascertained by noting the intensity, duration, and pitch of the whistle sound.
AIRWAY, ESOPHAGEAL (OBTURATOR) definition: An esophageal obturator is a device inserted through a patient's mouth to aid ventilation of the patient during emergency resuscitation by occluding (blocking) the esophagus, thereby permitting positive pressure ventilation through the trachea. The device consists of a closed-end semirigid esophageal tube that is attached to a face mask.
16 further definitions >>
Publications
 

Chemokines and their role in airway hyper-reactivity

Kate Blease et al.

Respiratory Research , 2000

Autocrine regulation of asthmatic airway inflammation: role of airway smooth muscle

Sue McKay et al.

Respiratory Research , 2002

Pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics and airway disease

Ian P Hall

Respiratory Research , 2002

Editorial: The upper airway - the forgotten organ

Maire P Shelly

Critical Care , 2001

Small airway inflammation in asthma

Meri K Tulic et al.

Respiratory Research , 2001

Airway closure: the silent killer of peripheral airways

Paolo Pelosi et al.

Critical Care , 2007

The role of airway mucus in pulmonary toxicology.

J M Samet et al.

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Jun 1994

Pharmacology of airway afferent nerve activity

Bradley J Undem et al.

Respiratory Research , 2001

Prolonged ozone exposure in an allergic airway disease model: Adaptation of airway responsiveness and airway remodeling

An-Soo Jang et al.

Respiratory Research , 2006

Mast cells and the development of allergic airway disease

Sebastian Reuter et al.

Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London, England) , 27 Feb 2008

747 further publications >>