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Definition
 
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Brain Stem definition: The part of the brain that connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.
brain stem definition: axial portion of the brain exclusive of the cerebellum and the forebrain; includes midbrain, medulla, and pons.
brain stem definition: The part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord.
Brain Stem definition: The part of the brain that connects the cerebral hemispheres with the spinal cord. It consists of the mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata.
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem definition: Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.
Auditory Brain Stem Implants definition: Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.
Brain Stem Infarctions definition: Infarctions that occur in the BRAIN STEM which is comprised of the MIDBRAIN; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA. There are several named syndromes characterized by their distinctive clinical manifestations and specific sites of ischemic injury.
brain stem glioma definition: (glee-O-ma) A tumor located in the part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord (the brain stem). It may grow rapidly or slowly, depending on the grade of the tumor.
Brain Stem Glioma definition: Abnormal growth of the glial cells that comprise the brainstem. This tumor is most easily detected on MRI. The form with the poorest prognosis (median survival of about 12 months) appears to be the diffusely infiltrative pontine lesion. However, it is important to note whether the patient has neurofibromatosis since the literature appears to show a more favorable prognosis for diffuse tumors in patients with neurofibromatosis type I. The dorsally exophytic brainstem lesions has a slightly better expected survival. Brainstem glioma is most commonly found in children. There are preliminary findings in the literature that seem to indicate that adults with brainstem gliomas may have a better survival time. (Kaye AH, Laws ER Brain Tumors Churchill-Livingstone 1995)
brain stem tumor definition: A tumor in the part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord (the brain stem).
6 further definitions >>
Publications
 

Challenge-Driven Attention: Interacting Frontal and Brainstem Systems

Rajeev D. S. Raizada et al.

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , 28 Mar 2008

Mapping of neurokinin-like immunoreactivity in the human brainstem

Rafael Coveñas et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 04 Feb 2003

Interictal Dysfunction of a Brainstem Descending Modulatory Center in Migraine Patients

Eric A. Moulton et al.

PLoS ONE , 24 Nov 2008

Mechanisms of escape phenomenon of spinal cord and brainstem in human rabies

Sasiwimol Juntrakul et al.

BMC Infectious Diseases , 16 Nov 2005

Effect of early onset otitis media on brainstem and cortical auditory processing

Sandeep Maruthy et al.

Behavioral and Brain Functions : BBF , 02 Apr 2008

The development of descending projections from the brainstem to the spinal cord in the fetal sheep

Elaine M Stockx et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 18 Jun 2007

Localization of the Brainstem GABAergic Neurons Controlling Paradoxical (REM) Sleep

Emilie Sapin et al.

PLoS ONE , 26 Jan 2009

Differential effects of intragastric acid and capsaicin on gastric emptying and afferent input to the rat spinal cord and brainstem

Peter Holzer et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 14 Sep 2005

Brainstem levels of transcription factor AP-2 in rat are changed after treatment with phenelzine, but not with citalopram

Cecilia Berggard et al.

BMC Pharmacology , 21 Jan 2005

Brain Responses to Violet, Blue, and Green Monochromatic Light Exposures in Humans: Prominent Role of Blue Light and the Brainstem

Gilles Vandewalle et al.

PLoS ONE , 28 Nov 2007

67 further publications >>