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Chromosomes definition: In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
chromosome definition: in a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell; the bacterial chromosome is a closed circle of double stranded DNA associated with the cell membrane; nuclear chromosomes are associated with RNA, histones and non histone proteins; the normal number of chromosomes in human somatic cells is 46.
chromosome definition: (KRO-mo-some) Part of a cell that contains genetic information. Except for sperm and eggs, all human cells contain 46 chromosomes.
chromosome definition: A structure composed of a very long molecule of DNA and associated proteins (e.g. histones) that carries hereditary information. [ISBN:0198547684]
Chromosome definition: Organelle part which consists of nucleotides arranged linearly into three regions, DNA replication origin, centromere and telomere. Examples: nuclear chromosome, sex chromosome.
Chromosome definition: One of the bodies in the cell nucleus that is the bearer of genes, has the form of a delicate chromatin filament during interphase, contracts to form a compact cylinder segmented into two arms by the centromere during metaphase and anaphase stages of cell division, and is capable of reproducing its physical and chemical structure through successive cell divisions.
Chromosomes, Bacterial definition: Structures within the nucleus of bacterial cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
Chromosomes, Fungal definition: Structures within the nucleus of fungal cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
Chromosomes, Human definition: Very long DNA molecules and associated proteins, HISTONES, and non-histone chromosomal proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE). Normally 46 chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes are found in the nucleus of human cells. They carry the hereditary information of the individual.
Chromosomes, Human, 1-3 definition: The large, metacentric human chromosomes, called group A in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 1, 2, and 3.
63 further definitions >>
Publications
 

The chromosomes of the Filariae

Rory Post

Filaria Journal , 02 Nov 2005

Structure and Dynamics of Interphase Chromosomes

Angelo Rosa et al.

PLoS Computational Biology , 01 Aug 2008

Nucleosomes in metaphase chromosomes.

M H Wigler et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 Jun 1976

Proteins of metaphase chromosomes and interphase chromatin.

V P Wray et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Sep 1980

A method for linking yeast artificial chromosomes.

Z Larin et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 Nov 1996

A model for replication of the ends of linear chromosomes

John M. Heumann

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 Nov 1976

Telomere directed fragmentation of mammalian chromosomes.

M A Barnett et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Jan 1993

Effect of NOx on the somatic chromosomes of goldsmiths.

J S Yadav et al.

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Oct 1998

Construction of trypanosome artificial mini-chromosomes.

M G Lee et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Dec 1995

Low dosage of 131iodine effects on chromosomes.

Claudia Lopes Rodrigues et al.

The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 2003

1414 further publications >>