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Definition
 
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Food, Fortified definition: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-alpha definition: A forkhead transcription factor that is an essential activator of GLUCAGON gene expression.
CULTURE MEDIA, ENRICHED definition: An enriched culture medium is a device that consists primarily of liquid or solid biological materials intended for medical purposes to cultivate and identify fastidious microorganisms (those having complex nutritional requirements). The device consists of a relatively simple basal medium enriched by the addition of such nutritional components as blood, blood serum, vitamins, and extracts of plant or animal tissues. The device is used in the diagnosis of disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms and also provides epidemiological information on these diseases.
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 12 definition: A subtype of non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases that is characterized by the presence of a N-terminal catalytic domain and a large C-terminal domain that is enriched in PROLINE, GLUTAMIC ACID, SERINE, and THREONINE residues (PEST sequences). The phosphatase subtype is ubiquitously expressed and implicated in the regulation of a variety of biological processes such as CELL MOVEMENT; CYTOKINESIS; focal adhesion disassembly; and LYMPHOCYTE ACTIVATION.
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 12 definition: Encoded by human PTPN12 Gene (Non-Receptor PTP Family), 780-aa 88-kDa cytoplasmic Non-Receptor Type 12 Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase contains a C-terminal PEST motif protein-protein interaction domain. PTPN12 binds to and dephosphorylate the c-ABL product. It also interacts with, and dephosphorylates, cytoskeletal and cell adhesion molecules, such as p130 (Cas), CAKbeta/PTK2B, PSTPIP1, and Paxillin, suggesting a role in controlling cell shape and mobility. PTPs typically regulate cell growth, differentiation, and mitotic cycle. Defects in PTPN12 are found in some colon cancers. (NCI)
Liver-Enriched Inhibiting Protein definition: A truncated form of CCAAT-ENHANCER-BINDING PROTEIN-BETA that acts as a translational repressor.
Kreuppel-Like Factor 4 definition: Krueppel-like factor 4 (470 aa, ~50 kDa) is encoded by the human KLF4 gene. This protein regulates transcription.
Phosphoprotein Associated with GEMs definition: Encoded by human PAG Gene, ubiquitous 432-aa 47-kDa Phosphoprotein Associated with GEMs is a type III plasma transmembrane adaptor protein located predominantly in membrane rafts (GEMs), associated with FYN and CSK tyrosine kinase, and thought to be involved in T cell activation and immunoreceptor signal transduction. PAG contains a 16-aa extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain, a putative palmitoylation site, and a 397-aa cytoplasmic tail with 9 potential tyrosine phosphorylation sites, ITAM-like motifs, and multiple putative casein kinase II and protein kinase C phosphorylation sites. Two Pro-rich sequences may bind to SH3 domains. PAG recruits CSK to the plasma membrane, independent of FYN. After T-cell activation, association with CSK, but not FYN, decreases. PAG/CSK may increase the signaling threshold for initiating an immune response, keeping lymphocytes in a resting state. (NCI)
KLF4 Gene definition: This gene plays a role in gene transcription.
PEA15 Gene definition: This gene may play a role in signal transduction, sugar transport and protein localization.
7 further definitions >>
Publications
 

Syndecan-3 and syndecan-4 are enriched in Schwann cell perinodal processes

Laurence Goutebroze et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 18 Nov 2003

A Biomedically Enriched Collection of 7000 Human ORF Clones

Andreas Rolfs et al.

PLoS ONE , 30 Jan 2008

REEF: searching REgionally Enriched Features in genomes

Alessandro Coppe et al.

BMC Bioinformatics , 16 Oct 2006

Thermogenic Effect from Nutritionally Enriched Coffee Consumption

Jay R Hoffman et al.

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition , 05 Jun 2006

Potato skin proteome is enriched with plant defence components

Gilli Barel et al.

Journal of Experimental Botany , 01 Sep 2008

Functional annotation of 19,841 Populus nigra full-length enriched cDNA clones

Tokihiko Nanjo et al.

BMC Genomics , 03 Dec 2007

Dorsal horn-enriched genes identified by DNA microarray, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry

Hong Sun et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 20 Aug 2002

A flax fibre proteome: identification of proteins enriched in bast fibres

Naomi SC Hotte et al.

BMC Plant Biology , 30 Apr 2008

Pscroph, a parasitic plant EST database enriched for parasite associated transcripts

Manuel J Torres et al.

BMC Plant Biology , 16 Nov 2005

Construction of a chromosome-enriched HpaII library from flow-sorted wheat chromosomes.

M L Wang et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Apr 1992

1105 further publications >>