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We measured caregiver mental health (General Health Questionnaire), caregiver burden (Zarit Burden Score), distress due to behavioural disturbances (NPI-D), behavioural problems in the subject (NPI-S) and activities of daily living in the elder with dementia (EASI).

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE 3 (6), 04 Jun 2008

The intervention led to a significant reduction of GHQ (−1.12, 95% CI −2.07 to −0.17) and NPI-D scores (−1.96, 95%CI −3.51 to −0.41) and non-significant reductions in the ZBS, EASI and NPI-S scores.

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE 3 (6), 04 Jun 2008

The researchers underwent an intensive one week training in interview techniques with role-play to familiarize them with the instruments and ensure inter-observer reliability. and used standardized questionnaires for collecting baseline information, as follows: Socio demographic characteristics of the person with dementia and the caregiver Everyday Abilities Scale for India (EASI): This questionnaire consisting of 12 questions, has been developed and widely used to test the functional abilities of daily living relevant to Indian subjects [11] Neuro-Psychiatric Inventory (NPI) Questionnaire: This instrument consists of two parts; the first measures the severity of the problem behaviours associated with the condition on a scale of 1–3 (NPI- S); the second measures the perceived distress of the problem behaviours by the caregiver on a scale of 0–5 (NPI -D) [12] .

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE 3 (6), 04 Jun 2008

Secondary outcomes were perceived burden (Zarit Burden score), distress due to problem behaviours (NPI-D) and severity of the behavioural problems in the person with dementia (NPI-S), and functional ability of the subject (EASI).

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE 3 (6), 04 Jun 2008

Analysis: We analysed each of the outcome measures (GHQ, Zarit, EAS, NPI-S and NPI-D) with a mixed effects model.

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE 3 (6), 04 Jun 2008

5 further examples >>
Publications
 

The Effectiveness of a Home Care Program for Supporting Caregivers of Persons with Dementia in Developing Countries: A Randomised Controlled Trial from Goa, India: ... disturbances (NPI-D), behavioural ...

Amit Dias et al.

PLoS ONE , 04 Jun 2008

Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule in breast cancer: prognostic indicator: ... Prognostic Index (NPI), and survival over a ...

Judy A King et al.

Breast Cancer Research , 2004

A Randomised, Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Dementia Patients Continuing or Stopping Neuroleptics (The DART-AD Trial): ... Inventory (NPI). Results: 165 ...

Clive Ballard et al.

PLoS Medicine , 01 Apr 2008

Cognitive status and behavioral problems in older hospitalized patients: ... (NPI-Q) to assess patients' ...

Ruth O'Hara et al.

Annals of General Hospital Psychiatry , 27 Sep 2002

Narcissism in patients admitted to psychiatric acute wards: its relation to violence, suicidality and other psychopathology: ... item version (NPI-21), The Hospital ...

Marit F Svindseth et al.

BMC Psychiatry , 27 Feb 2008

Lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis in breast cancer: ... expression in poor NPI prognostic tumours when ...

Giles H Cunnick et al.

Molecular Cancer , 06 Mar 2008

Real time PCR analyses of expression of E-cadherin, alpha-, beta- and gamma-catenin in human breast cancer for predicting clinical outcome: ... Prognostic Index (NPI). There was no ...

Amit Goyal et al.

World Journal of Surgical Oncology , 11 Jun 2008

Plasma MMP1 and MMP8 expression in breast cancer: Protective role of MMP8 against lymph node metastasis: ... status (p = 0.06) and NPI (p = 0.04). The median ...

Julie Decock et al.

BMC Cancer , 20 Mar 2008