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Phosphatidylglycerols definition: A nitrogen-free class of lipids present in animal and particularly plant tissues and composed of one mole of glycerol and 1 or 2 moles of phosphatidic acid. Members of this group differ from one another in the nature of the fatty acids released on hydrolysis.
phosphatidylglycerophosphatase activity definition: Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidylglycerophosphate + H2O = phosphatidylglycerol + phosphate. [EC:3.1.3.27]
phosphatidylglycerol-membrane-oligosaccharide glycerophosphotransferase activity definition: Catalysis of the reaction: phosphatidylglycerol + membrane-derived-oligosaccharide D-glucose = 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol + membrane-derived-oligosaccharide 6-(glycerophospho)-D-glucose. [EC:2.7.8.20]
phosphatidylglycerol biosynthetic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of phosphatidylglycerols, any of a class of phospholipids in which the phosphatidyl group is esterified to the hydroxyl group of glycerol. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
phosphatidylglycerol metabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways involving phosphatidylglycerols, any of a class of phospholipids in which the phosphatidyl group is esterified to the hydroxyl group of glycerol. They are important constituents of cell membranes. [ISBN:0198506732 "Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology"]
CDP-diacylglycerol-phosphatidylglycerol phosphatidyltransferase activity definition: Catalysis of the reaction: CDP-diacylglycerol + phosphatidylglycerol = diphosphatidylglycerol (cardiolipin). [GOC:jl]
phosphatidylglycerol catabolic process definition: The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of phosphatidylglycerols, any of a class of glycerophospholipids in which the phosphatidyl group is esterified to the hydroxyl group of glycerol. [GOC:mah]
phosphatidylglycerol phospholipase C activity definition: Catalysis of the reaction: a phosphatidylglycerol + H2O = 1,2-diacylglycerol + glycerol 3-phosphate. [GOC:mah, PMID:18434318]
 
Publications
 

Lung surfactant.: ... phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol. The surfactant system ...

S A Rooney

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Apr 1984

Lipid spirals in Bacillus subtilis and their role in cell division: ... which the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol is disrupted, ...

Imrich Barák et al.

Molecular Microbiology , 01 Jun 2008

Characterisation of the Escherichia coli membrane structure and function during fedbatch cultivation: ... phosphatidylglycerol, cardiolipin and ...

Atefeh Shokri et al.

Microbial Cell Factories , 28 Jul 2004

Lipid bilayer composition influences small multidrug transporters: ... lipid headgroup; phosphatidylglycerol for EmrE and ...

Kalypso Charalambous et al.

BMC Biochemistry , 25 Nov 2008

Production of oxygen free radicals by Ehrlich ascites tumour cells: effect of lipids: ... phosphatidylserine > phosphatidylglycerol > phosphoinositides ...

Gopal K. Marathe et al.

Mediators of Inflammation , 1993

Survival of Burkholderia pseudomallei in Water: ... encoding a putative phosphatidylglycerol phosphatase (PGP), was ...

Richard A Moore et al.

BMC Research Notes , 07 May 2008

Calcium Triggered L α -H 2 Phase Transition Monitored by Combined Rapid Mixing and Time-Resolved Synchrotron SAXS: ... transitions of dioleoyl-phosphatidylglycerol (DOPG)/monoolein (MO) ...

Anan Yaghmur et al.

PLoS ONE , 30 Apr 2008

Time-dependent changes in pulmonary surfactant function and composition in acute respiratory distress syndrome due to pneumonia or aspiration: ... the LA fraction, PC and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) percentages, and ...

Reinhold Schmidt et al.

Respiratory Research , 2007