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Bacteriocin Plasmids definition: Plasmids encoding bacterial exotoxins (BACTERIOCINS).
F Factor definition: A plasmid whose presence in the cell, either extrachromosomal or integrated into the BACTERIAL CHROMOSOME, determines the "sex" of the bacterium, host chromosome mobilization, transfer via conjugation (CONJUGATION, GENETIC) of genetic material, and the formation of SEX PILI.
plasmid definition: double-strand, closed DNA molecules found in cytoplasm of a variety of bacterial species that generally confer some evolutionary advantage to the host cells.
Plasmids definition: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
Plasmid definition: A small cellular inclusion consisting of a ring of DNA that is not in a chromosome but is capable of autonomous replication.
R factor definition: a class of plasmids in bacterial cells that promote resistance to agents such as antibiotics, metal ions, UV radiation, and bacteriophage.
R Factors definition: A class of plasmids that transfer antibiotic resistance from one bacterium to another by conjugation.
Plant Tumor-Inducing Plasmids definition: Plasmids coding for proteins which induce PLANT TUMORS. The most notable example of a plant tumor inducing plasmid is the Ti plasmid found associated with AGROBACTERIUM TUMEFACIENS.
Colicin Plasmids definition: Plasmids encoding COLICINS.

Molecular biology of spiroplasma plasmids.

C. E. Barber et al.

The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 1983

Survey of plasmids in various mycoplasmas.

R. Harasawa et al.

The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 1983

Generation of adenovirus by transfection of plasmids.

K L Berkner et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 10 Sep 1983

Compositional discordance between prokaryotic plasmids and host chromosomes

Mark WJ van Passel et al.

BMC Genomics , 15 Feb 2006

Purification of plasmids by triplex affinity interaction.

T Schluep et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 Oct 1998

pEMBL: a new family of single stranded plasmids.

L Dente et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Mar 1983

Stress responses and replication of plasmids in bacterial cells

Grzegorz Wegrzyn et al.

Microbial Cell Factories , 13 May 2002

Variant mitochondrial plasmids of broad bean arose by recombination and are controlled by the nuclear genome.

M C Flamand et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Nov 1993

Use of pIVEX plasmids for protein overproduction in Escherichia coli

Julie Rogé et al.

Microbial Cell Factories , 02 Jun 2005

Analysis of chromosomal integration and deletions of yeast plasmids.

J R Cameron et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 May 1977

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