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Translation
 
enEnglish deGerman
1 word
polypeptide Polypeptid
 
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frFrench enEnglish
1 word
polypeptide polypeptid
 
frFrench deGerman
1 word
polypeptide Polypeptid
 
Definition
 
enEnglish
Pancreatic Polypeptide definition: A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Cystatin C definition: An extracellular cystatin subtype that is abundantly expressed in bodily fluids. It may play a role in the inhibition of interstitial CYSTEINE PROTEASES.
Tissue Polypeptide Antigen definition: Serological tumor marker composed of a molecular complex of cytokeratins 8, 18, and 19. It is used in the diagnosis and staging of bronchogenic carcinoma.
Inhibin-beta Subunits definition: They are glycopeptides and subunits in INHIBINS and ACTIVINS. Inhibins and activins belong to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily.
Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human definition: The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit definition: Contiguous with the LH beta subunit gene on chromosome 19q13.3, six homologous genes arranged in tandem and inverted pairs encode the beta subunit of Chorionic Gonadotropin (Glycoprotein Hormone Beta Family).Glycoprotein hormones are heterodimers of a common alpha subunit and a unique beta subunit that confers biological specificity. Produced by placental trophoblasts, Chorionic Gonadotropin stimulates ovarian steroid synthesis essential for maintenance of pregnancy. (NCI)
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit definition: Human chorionic gonadotropin is a glycoprotein hormone produced by placental trophoblasts 10-12 days after conception and during the first trimester. HCG binds to the corpus luteum to stimulate progesterone production, which maintains the secretory endometrium and the fetus. HCG is a heterodimer of a common alpha chain and a unique beta chain that confers biological specificity to thyrotropin, lutropin, follitropin and gonadotropin. (from OMIM 118860, SWISS-PROT P01233, and NCI)
CD3E Antigen Epsilon Polypeptide definition: The CD3 complex mediates signal transduction. The TCR/CD3 complex of T lymphocytes consists of either a TCR Alpha/Beta or TCR Gamma/Delta heterodimer coexpressed at the cell surface with the invariant subunits of CD3 labeled Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, and Eta. CD3E Antigen, Epsilon Polypeptide (Tit3 Complex) is encoded by the CD3E gene. Recruitment of Nck by CD3 epsilon reveals a ligand-induced conformational change essential for T cell receptor signaling and synapse formation. (From LocusLink, Swiss-Prot and NCI)
Collagen I (Alpha 1) definition: Collagen I (Alpha 1), encoded by the COL1A1 gene, is the major component of type I collagen, the fibrillar collagen found in most connective tissues, and the only component of the collagen found in cartilage. Mutations in this gene are associated with osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and idiopathic osteoporosis. Reciprocal translocations between chromosomes 17 and 22, where this gene and the gene for platelet-derived growth factor beta are located, are associated with a particular type of skin tumor called dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, resulting from unregulated expression of the growth factor. Two transcripts, resulting from the use of alternate polyadenylation signals, have been identified for this gene. (from LocusLink)
positive regulation of antibacterial peptide biosynthetic process definition: Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate, or extent of antibacterial peptide biosynthesis. [GOC:mah, PMID:10973475]
10 further definitions >>
frFrench
polypeptide definition: [1] Polypeptid
polypeptide definition: Polymère de plusieurs acides aminés liés par des liaisons peptidiques.
 
Publications
 

Pancreatic polypeptide and exocrine pancreatic function in the elderly.

F. I. al-Modaris et al.

The Ulster Medical Journal , 01 Apr 1993

Similarity between the picornavirus VP3 capsid polypeptide and the Saccharomyces cerevisiae virus capsid polypeptide.

L A Bruenn et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Sep 1989

Vaccinia virus encodes a polypeptide with DNA ligase activity.

S M Kerr et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Nov 1989

Polypeptide components of Drosophila small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles.

T Paterson et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Nov 1991

Identification of the template binding polypeptide in the pea chloroplast transcriptional complex.

N C Khanna et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Jan 1992

Preparation of pancreatic mRNA: cell-free translation of an insulin-immunoreactive polypeptide.

P T Lomedico et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 01 Feb 1976

The chloroplast ribosomal intron of Chlamydomonas reinhardii codes for a polypeptide related to mitochondrial maturases.

J D Rochaix et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Feb 1985

Site-specific location of covalent DNA-polypeptide complexes in the chicken genome.

D Werner et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 11 Aug 1989

Maize chloroplast RNA polymerase: the 78-kilodalton polypeptide is encoded by the plastid rpoC1 gene.

J Hu et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 25 Jun 1991

The Role of the 14–20 Domain of the Islet Amyloid Polypeptide in Amyloid Formation

Sharon Gilead et al.

Experimental Diabetes Research , 2008

818 further publications >>