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Translation
 
enEnglish deGerman
1 word
thalamus Sehhügel
thalamus Thalamus
 
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deGerman enEnglish
1 word
Thalamus thalamus
 
Definition
 
enEnglish
Geniculate Bodies definition: Part of the diencephalon inferior to the caudal end of the dorsal thalamus. Includes the lateral geniculate body which relays visual impulses from the optic tract to the calcarine cortex, and the medial geniculate body which relays auditory impulses from the lateral lemniscus to the auditory cortex.
Geniculate Body definition: One of four small oval masses that protrude slightly from the underside of the thalamus and function as synaptic centers on the way to the cerebral cortex.
Thalamic Nuclei definition: Several groups of nuclei in the thalamus that serve as the major relay centers for sensory impulses in the brain.
thalamic nuclei definition: several groups of nuclei in the thalamus that serve as the major relay centers for sensory impulses in the brain.
Thalamus definition: Paired bodies containing mostly gray substance and forming part of the lateral wall of the third ventricle of the brain. The thalamus represents the major portion of the diencephalon and is commonly divided into cellular aggregates known as nuclear groups.
thalamus definition: paired bodies containing mostly gray substance and forming part of the lateral wall of the third ventricle of the brain; represents the major portion of the diencephalon.
thalamus definition: (THAL-a-muss) An area of the brain that helps process information from the senses and transmit it to other parts of the brain.
THALAMUS definition: An ovoid mass composed predominantly of gray substance and associated laminae of white substance. The thalamus is divided into anterior, medial, and lateral parts. The function of the thalamus is to relay sensory impulses and cerebellar and basal ganglia projections to the cerebral cortex. The thalamus is positioned within the posterior part of the diencephalon forming most of each lateral wall of the third ventricle. (NCI)
Thalamus definition: An ovoid mass composed predominantly of gray substance and associated laminae of white substance. The thalamus is divided into anterior, medial, and lateral parts. The function of the thalamus is to relay sensory impulses and cerebellar and basal ganglia projections to the cerebral cortex. The thalamus is positioned within the posterior part of the diencephalon forming most of each lateral wall of the third ventricle.
Subthalamus definition: A transition zone in the anterior part of the diencephalon interposed between the thalamus, hypothalamus, and tegmentum of the mesencephalon. Components of the subthalamus include the SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS, zona incerta, nucleus of field H, and the nucleus of ansa lenticularis. The latter contains the ENTOPEDUNCULAR NUCLEUS.
7 further definitions >>
frFrench
thalamus definition: Structure paire d'origine diencéphalique située de part et d'autre du troisième ventricule dont il constitue les parois latérales. Il sert à filtrer les informations qui arrivent au cortex cérébral.
 
laLatin
thalamus definition: Chambre à coucher.
thalamus definition: Chambre nuptiale.
 
csCzech
thalamus definition: Thalamus.
 
Examples
 

We recently identified the thalamic dopaminergic system in the human and macaque monkey brains, and, based on earlier reports on the paucity of dopamine in the rat thalamus, hypothesized that this dopaminergic system was particularly developed in primates.

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) 19 (2), 01 2월 2009

The extent and density of DAT-immunoreactive (-ir) axons were remarkably greater in the macaque dorsal thalamus, where the mediodorsal association nucleus and the ventral motor nuclei held the densest immunolabeling.

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) 19 (2), 01 2월 2009

In contrast, sparse DAT immunolabeling was present in the rat dorsal thalamus; it was mainly located in the mediodorsal, paraventricular, ventral medial, and ventral lateral nuclei.

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) 19 (2), 01 2월 2009

Ultrastructural analysis in the macaque mediodorsal nucleus revealed that thalamic interneurons are a main postsynaptic target of DAT-ir axons; this suggests that the marked expansion of the dopamine innervation in the primate in comparison to the rodent thalamus may be related to the presence of a sizable interneuron population in primates.

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) 19 (2), 01 2월 2009

We assumed that perhaps the reported paucity of dopaminergic axons in the rat thalamus ( Groenewegen 1988 ; Papadopoulos and Parnavelas 1990 ) may have hindered earlier recognition of the abundant dopamine innervation in the primate thalamus even though considerable scattered evidence supported its presence (reviewed in García-Cabezas et al.

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) 19 (2), 01 2월 2009

71 further examples >>
Publications
 

Dopamine Innervation in the Thalamus: Monkey versus Rat

Miguel Ángel García-Cabezas et al.

Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY) , 01 Feb 2009

Thalamus Segmentation from Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Ye Duan et al.

International Journal of Biomedical Imaging , 2007

Strongly reduced volumes of putamen and thalamus in Alzheimer's disease: an MRI study

L. W. de Jong et al.

Brain , 01 Dec 2008

Parallel Driving and Modulatory Pathways Link the Prefrontal Cortex and Thalamus

Basilis Zikopoulos et al.

PLoS ONE , 05 Sep 2007

Evidence for a novel functional role of cannabinoid CB 2 receptors in the thalamus of neuropathic rats

M D Jhaveri et al.

The European Journal of Neuroscience , 01 Apr 2008

Sodium channel expression in the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the thalamus after peripheral nerve injury

Peng Zhao et al.

Molecular Pain , 17 Aug 2006

Localization of Taste in the Thalamus of Macaca mulatta *

Marvin Blum et al.

The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 01 Dec 1943

Cortical Transplants Restore the Ability of Whisker Stimulation to Metabolically Activate Host Thalamus of Adult Rat with Parietal Cortical Lesions

Frank R. Sharp et al.

Journal of Neural Transplantation & Plasticity , 1992

Human pallidothalamic and cerebellothalamic tracts: anatomical basis for functional stereotactic neurosurgery: ... the fibre tracts to the thalamus was traced in the ...

Marc N. Gallay et al.

Brain Structure & Function , 01 Aug 2008

Glutamatergic alterations in the cortex of genetic absence epilepsy rats: ... in the cortex and thalamus in GAERS and ...

Monique Touret et al.

BMC Neuroscience , 29 Aug 2007

66 further publications >>