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Definition
 
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Conditioning (Psychology) definition: A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
conditioning definition: process by which an organism can be made to respond to a previously neutral (conditioned) stimulus as it would to another (unconditioned) stimulus by pairing the two sitimuli; e.g., pairing a bell with food eventually will make a dog salivate when bell is heard.
Conditioning definition: Generally refers to relative simple learning situations in which a stimulus initially incapable of evoking a certain response acquires the ability to do so by repeated pairing with another stimulus that does elicit the response.
Culture Media, Conditioned definition: Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).
ALARM, CONDITIONED RESPONSE ENURESIS definition: An enuresis alarm is a device intended for use in treatment of bedwetting. Through an electrical trigger mechanism, the device sounds an alarm when a small quantity of urine is detected on a sensing pad. This generic type of device includes conditioned response enuresis alarms.
conditioned stimulus definition: A situation in which one signal, or stimulus, is given just before another signal. After this happens several times, the first signal alone can cause the response that would usually need the second signal.
conditioned taste aversion definition: A conditioned aversion to a specific chemical compound as a result of that compound being coupled with a noxious stimulus. [GOC:dph, PMID:9920659]
 
Examples
 

The present study sets out to look at the behavioral effects associated with a very basic reaction – the eyeblink reflex to an airpuff – and whether it can be conditioned and evoked under circumstances where the sensory stimulus is physically absent and is only mediated through a putative sensorimotor coupling.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

One of these tones was (consistently within each subject) assigned to be the conditioned stimulus (CS+, target) and therefore accompanied by a short air puff delivered to the eye.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Additionally, in the pianist group there seems to be a correlation of eyeblinks (light blue/light green) with the perceptual distance of stimulus frequency and conditioned frequency, however, this correlation is not significant (see below).

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Since the conditioning training could only be applied once to each participant, each subject was randomly assigned to be conditioned to one out of five possible target tones at one out of four possible CS-US latencies.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Similarly, central nucleus of the amygdala and nucleus accumbens seem to be important primarily for potentiating the control over behavior by conditioned reinforcers (Parkinson et al., 1999 ; Robledo et al., 1996 ; Taylor and Robbins, 1984 ).

Kathryn A. Burke et al.

Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 1 (7), 02 Nov 2007

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