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Definition
 
enEnglish
Conditioning (Psychology) definition: A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
conditioning definition: process by which an organism can be made to respond to a previously neutral (conditioned) stimulus as it would to another (unconditioned) stimulus by pairing the two sitimuli; e.g., pairing a bell with food eventually will make a dog salivate when bell is heard.
Conditioning definition: Generally refers to relative simple learning situations in which a stimulus initially incapable of evoking a certain response acquires the ability to do so by repeated pairing with another stimulus that does elicit the response.
Culture Media, Conditioned definition: Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).
ALARM, CONDITIONED RESPONSE ENURESIS definition: An enuresis alarm is a device intended for use in treatment of bedwetting. Through an electrical trigger mechanism, the device sounds an alarm when a small quantity of urine is detected on a sensing pad. This generic type of device includes conditioned response enuresis alarms.
conditioned stimulus definition: A situation in which one signal, or stimulus, is given just before another signal. After this happens several times, the first signal alone can cause the response that would usually need the second signal.
conditioned taste aversion definition: A conditioned aversion to a specific chemical compound as a result of that compound being coupled with a noxious stimulus. [GOC:dph, PMID:9920659]
 
Examples
 

The present study sets out to look at the behavioral effects associated with a very basic reaction – the eyeblink reflex to an airpuff – and whether it can be conditioned and evoked under circumstances where the sensory stimulus is physically absent and is only mediated through a putative sensorimotor coupling.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

One of these tones was (consistently within each subject) assigned to be the conditioned stimulus (CS+, target) and therefore accompanied by a short air puff delivered to the eye.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Additionally, in the pianist group there seems to be a correlation of eyeblinks (light blue/light green) with the perceptual distance of stimulus frequency and conditioned frequency, however, this correlation is not significant (see below).

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Since the conditioning training could only be applied once to each participant, each subject was randomly assigned to be conditioned to one out of five possible target tones at one out of four possible CS-US latencies.

Marc Bangert et al.

BMC Neuroscience 7 (7), 17 Aug 2006

Similarly, central nucleus of the amygdala and nucleus accumbens seem to be important primarily for potentiating the control over behavior by conditioned reinforcers (Parkinson et al., 1999 ; Robledo et al., 1996 ; Taylor and Robbins, 1984 ).

Kathryn A. Burke et al.

Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 1 (7), 02 Nov 2007

209 further examples >>
Publications
 

Pavlovian conditioning and multiple chemical sensitivity.

S Siegel et al.

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Mar 1997

Pavlov's Cockroach: Classical Conditioning of Salivation in an Insect

Hidehiro Watanabe et al.

PLoS ONE , 13 Jun 2007

Subliminal Instrumental Conditioning Demonstrated in the Human Brain

Mathias Pessiglione et al.

Neuron , 28 Aug 2008

Cerebellar and Hippocampal Activation During Eyeblink Conditioning Depends on the Experimental Paradigm: A MEG Study

Peter Kirsch et al.

Neural Plasticity , 2003

How operant conditioning can contribute to behavioral toxicology.

V G Laties

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Oct 1978

Eyeblink conditioning in the infant rat: an animal model of learning in developmental neurotoxicology.

M E Stanton et al.

Environmental Health Perspectives , 01 Jun 1994

Slow Late Component in Conditioned Stimulus-Evoked Potentials From the Amygdala After Fear Conditioning in the Rat

J. M. J. Knippenberg et al.

Neural Plasticity , 2002

Development of air conditioning technologies to reduce CO 2 emissions in the commercial sector

Yukiko Yoshida

Carbon Balance and Management , 25 Oct 2006

Exercise as a Time-conditioning Effector in Chronic Disease: a Complementary Treatment Strategy

Luis F. B. P. Costa Rosa

Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 01 Jun 2004

A case report: Pavlovian conditioning as a risk factor of heroin 'overdose' death

József Gerevich et al.

Harm Reduction Journal , 25 Jul 2005

148 further publications >>