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Definition
 
enEnglish
neurotransmitter definition: any of a group of substances that are released on excitation from the axon terminal of a presynaptic neuron and travel across the synaptic cleft to either excite or inhibit the target cell; included are neuromodulators, neuroregulators, neuromediators, neurohormones, and neurohumors, whether or not acting at synapses.
Neurotransmitter definition: Endogenous signaling molecules that alter the behavior of neurons or effector cells. Neurotransmitter is used here in its most general sense, including not only messengers that act directly to regulate ion channels, but also those that act through second messenger systems, and those that act at a distance from their site of release. Included are neuromodulators, neuroregulators, neuromediators, and neurohumors, whether or not acting at synapses.
Neurotransmitters definition: Endogenous signaling molecules secreted by neurons that alter the behavior of neurons or effector cells. Neurotransmitter is used here in its most general sense, including not only messengers that act directly to regulate ion channels, but also those that act through second messenger systems, and those that act at a distance from their site of release. Included are neuromodulators, neuroregulators, neuromediators, neurohormones, and neurohumors, whether or not acting at synapses.
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors definition: Drugs that inhibit the transport of neurotransmitters into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. For many transmitters, uptake determines the time course of transmitter action so inhibiting uptake prolongs the activity of the transmitter. Blocking uptake may also deplete available transmitter stores. Many clinically important drugs are uptake inhibitors although the indirect reactions of the brain rather than the acute block of uptake itself is often responsible for the therapeutic effects.
TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS, PHYSIOLOGICAL SIGNAL, RADIOFREQUENCY definition: A radiofrequency physiological signal transmitter and receiver is a device used to condition a physiological signal so that it can be transmitted via radiofrequency from one location to another, e.g., a central monitoring station. The received signal is reconditioned by the device into its original format so that it can be displayed.
Transmitter definition: A device to propagate electromagnetic waves.
transmitter-gated ion channel activity definition: Catalysis of the transmembrane transfer of an ion by a channel that opens when a specific neurotransmitter has been bound by the channel complex or one of its constituent parts. [GOC:mtg_transport, ISBN:0815340729]
transmitter-gated channel activity definition: Catalysis of the transmembrane transfer of a solute by a channel that opens when a specific neurotransmitter has been bound by the channel complex or one of its constituent parts. [GOC:mtg_transport, ISBN:0815340729]
transmitter definition: Transmetteur.
transmitter definition: Émetteur (''émetteur de télévision, émetteur radioélectrique, etc.'').
 
frFrench
transmetteur definition: Appareil servant à transmettre les signaux de la télégraphie électrique, et formé de quatre roues de laiton, dont l’une produit les points, l’autre les traits, et les deux autres déchargent le fil après la production de chaque signal élémentaire.
 
Publications
 

Role of histamine as a putative inhibitory transmitter in the honeybee antennal lobe

Silke Sachse et al.

Frontiers in Zoology , 29 Dec 2006

Enhanced quantal release of excitatory transmitter in anterior cingulate cortex of adult mice with chronic pain

Hiroki Toyoda et al.

Molecular Pain , 27 Jan 2009

DTNBP1 , a schizophrenia susceptibility gene, affects kinetics of transmitter release

Xiao-Wei Chen et al.

The Journal of Cell Biology , 02 Jun 2008

Phenobarbital Increases Spontaneous Transmitter Release at the Frog Neuromuscular Junction

Jonathan H. Pincus et al.

The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine , 1978

P2 receptor-mediated modulation of neurotransmitter release—an update: ... as modulation sites of transmitter release by ATP and ...

Beáta Sperlágh et al.

Purinergic Signalling , 01 Sep 2007

From the Search for a Molecular Code of Memory to the Role of Neurotransmitters: A Historical Perspective: ... particular in the main transmitter systems of the brain.

Georges Chapouthier

Neural Plasticity , 2004

Concepts of neural nitric oxide-mediated transmission: As a chemical transmitter in the mammalian ...

John Garthwaite

The European Journal of Neuroscience , 01 Jun 2008

Gating at the Mouth of the Acetylcholine Receptor Channel: Energetic Consequences of Mutations in the αM2-Cap: ... located at the two transmitter binding sites and in ...

Pallavi A. Bafna et al.

PLoS ONE , 25 Jun 2008

Fast Homeostatic Plasticity of Inhibition via Activity-Dependent Vesicular Filling: ... of the inhibitory transmitter GABA, indicating that ...

Kristin Hartmann et al.

PLoS ONE , 20 Aug 2008

Bench-to-bedside review: Critical illness-associated cognitive dysfunction – mechanisms, markers, and emerging therapeutics: ... including neuro-transmitter abnormalities and ...

Eric B Milbrandt et al.

Critical Care , 2006

36 further publications >>