dict.md logo
Choose languages of interest
SELECT >>
English
German
Portuguese
French
Dutch
 
Add further languages:
Add all languages
Advertisement:
Definition
 
enEnglish
Epilepsy, Absence definition: A childhood seizure disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the SEIZURES. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence seizures and an increased incidence of myoclonus and tonic-clonic seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)
Seizures, Absence definition: Epilepsy characterized by absence seizures.
Seizures, Absence definition: The seizure seen in absence epilepsy, consisting of a sudden momentary break in consciousness of thought or activity, often accompanied by automatisms or clonic movements, especially of the eyelids.
Petit Mal Seizure definition: Generalized seizure that manifests in a form of a brief episode of impairment of consciousness with or without accompanying motor phenomena such as clonic-tonic components, automatisms, or autonomic components.
Williams Syndrome definition: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Williams syndrome definition: syndrome of elfinlike facies, mental retardation, growth deficiency, cardiovascular anomalies, and idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia.
Williams syndrome (WMS, WS) definition: A multiple congenital anomaly/mental retardation syndrome with a complex phenotype and age-related variability of expression. Typical facial appearance (elfin facies) is the most characteristic feature of this syndrome. Delayed growth, feeding difficulty, failure to thrive, colic, otitis media, and mental retardation are the early symptoms in infancy. Developmental disabilities and cardiovascular complications become apparent later in childhood. Hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, and genitourinary disorders usually complicate adult development. The phenotype may overlap with hypercalcemia with or without mental retardation and supravalvular aortic stenosis with or without mental retardation.
Conventional Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma definition: An alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma characterized by the presence of large striated muscle cells with clear cytoplasm, giant cells with myoblastic differentiation, and fibrovascular septa.
Thymic Typical Carcinoid Tumor definition: A primary thymic carcinoid tumor, characterized by the presence of uniform, polygonal neoplastic cells, a low mitotic rate, and absence of necrosis. -- 2005
 
Examples
 

There is an ongoing debate over whether atypical antipsychotics are more effective than typical antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia.

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry 6 (7), 21 2월 2006

This naturalistic study compares atypical and typical antipsychotics on time to all-cause medication discontinuation, a recognized index of medication effectiveness in the treatment of schizophrenia.

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry 6 (7), 21 2월 2006

Patients who were initiated on oral atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, or ziprasidone) or oral typical antipsychotics (low, medium, or high potency) were compared on time to all-cause medication discontinuation for 1 year following initiation.

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry 6 (7), 21 2월 2006

Mean time to all-cause medication discontinuation was longer on atypical (N = 1132, 256.3 days) compared to typical antipsychotics (N = 534, 197.2 days; p < .01), and longer on atypicals compared to typicals of high potency (N = 320, 187.5 days; p < .01), medium potency (N = 140, 213.5 days; p < .01), and low potency (N = 74, 208.7 days; p < .01).

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry 6 (7), 21 2월 2006

When compared to perphenazine, a medium-potency typical antipsychotic, only clozapine and olanzapine had a consistently and significantly longer time to all-cause medication discontinuation.

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry 6 (7), 21 2월 2006

1444 further examples >>
Publications
 

Time to discontinuation of atypical versus typical antipsychotics in the naturalistic treatment of schizophrenia

Haya Ascher-Svanum et al.

BMC Psychiatry , 21 Feb 2006

Phylogenetic relationships of typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae) and test of incongruence based on Bayes factors

Martin Irestedt et al.

BMC Evolutionary Biology , 30 Jul 2004

Midventricular form of takotsubo cardiomyopathy as a recurrence 1 year after typical apical ballooning: a case report

Oliver Koeth et al.

Cases Journal , 19 Nov 2008

Identification and characterization of srp1, a gene of fission yeast encoding a RNA binding domain and a RS domain typical of SR splicing factors.

T Gross et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 15 Jan 1998

Atypical archaeal tRNA pyrrolysine transcript behaves towards EF-Tu as a typical elongator tRNA

Anne Théobald-Dietrich et al.

Nucleic Acids Research , 2004

Expression of a Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase typical for familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis increases the vulnerability of neuroblastoma cells to infectious injury

Miriam Goos et al.

BMC Infectious Diseases , 12 Nov 2007

Association between 5-HT2A , TPH1 and GNB3 genotypes and response to typical neuroleptics: a serotonergic approach

Sami Anttila et al.

BMC Psychiatry , 23 May 2007

Identification of bacteria in drinking and purified water during the monitoring of a typical water purification system

Vessoni Thereza Christina Penna et al.

BMC Public Health , 15 Aug 2002

Human pluripotent embryonal carcinoma NTERA2 cl.D1 cells maintain their typical morphology in an angiomyogenic medium

Pedro D Simões et al.

Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine , 18 Apr 2007

Upregulation of CRABP1 in human neuroblastoma cells overproducing the Alzheimer-typical Aβ 42 reduces their differentiation potential

Markus Uhrig et al.

BMC Medicine , 16 Dec 2008

1439 further publications >>